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Pakistan Cricket Board

Pakistan Cricket Board

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The Pakistan Cricket Board is a sporting organization that is responsible for governing all professional cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

 including Test cricket
Test cricket
Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket. Test matches are played between national representative teams with "Test status", as determined by the International Cricket Council , with four innings played between two teams of 11 players over a period of up to a maximum five days...

 and One Day International matches played in Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. It controls and organizes all tours and matches undertaken by the Pakistan national cricket team.

Following the establishment of Pakistan as an independent state of the British Empire
British Empire
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

 in 1947, professional and amateur cricket commenced the same year as the local infrastructure had already been established when the country was part of India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. Even so, it was not until 1948 that a Board of Control was formally instituted and matches were arranged informally until then. Pakistan was admitted to the International Cricket Council
International Cricket Council
The International Cricket Council is the international governing body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1909 by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket Conference in 1965, and took up its current name in 1989.The...

 in July 1952 and has always been a full member, playing Test cricket. The team's first Test series took place in India between October and December 1952.

Inaugural Board of Control


The Pakistan Cricket Board was inaugurated on 1 May 1948 as the "Cricket Control Board of Pakistan". and was soon renamed the Board of Control for Cricket in Pakistan or B.C.C.P. The first meeting held in the committee rooms of Lahore Gymkhana saw HE The Nawab of Mamdot made President and Chairman, with Justice A.R.Cornelius as one of three vice-Presidents.
The following year Cornelius became Chairman of the working committee, serving until he relinquished his connection with the Board in early 1953.

The working Chairman was always one of the 3 Vice-Presidents. In April 1957 Ayub Khan imposed three more new Vice-presidents (himself being one of them). Then between December 1958 and September 1969 the post of Vice-President disappeared.

Committees


The response to turmoil within the Board has on four occasions been to suspend the rules and appoint an Ad-Hoc Committee. The first Ad Hoc Committee was appointed in September 1960 and did not disband until May 1963 having created a new constitution. The President of Pakistan would now nominate the Board President who would in turn nominate the other members of the Executive Committee to sit for a period of three years. Representatives of the four provincial cricket associations and Government departments formed the Executive Committee.
The BCCP was re-organised in the 1970s and was headed by former cricketers, professional administrators and trustees, who were often businessmen. In November 1976 players' demands for increased salaries reached a crisis and the Pakistan Sports Board took over running the B.C.C.P.'s affairs. Long-serving President, the formidable Kardar, was in the thick of the dispute. The revolt against Kardar forced him to resign in May 1977 and led to a new Ad-Hoc Committee replacing the Board Council in 1978 running Pakistan cricket and again changing the constitution. Provincial Cricket Associations were eliminated and divisional and city CAs became members, giving most of the influence to the city Cricket Association of Lahore and Karachi.

The Board now governed a network of teams sponsored by corporations and banks, city associations and clubs. There is no province-based official team type organization of domestic cricket in Pakistan and Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

 and Karachi
Karachi
Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and the main financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 13 to 15 million, while the total metropolitan area has a population of over 18 million...

 cities are the two top tiers of all cricket, including reservoirs of fresh talent.

Pakistan cricket was involved by dissension and controversies over the national team's poor performance during the tour of India and a public uproar forced the end of the Ad-Hoc Committee. The Chairman and team captain Asif Iqbal had to step down. Air Marshal Nur Khan now became Chairman and he saw the banks and other organizations increase their participation on the Board Council in the face of protests from the zonal organisations.

A third Ad-Hoc Committee under Javed Burki took charge of BCCP affairs in January 1994 and made a new constitution including giving a new name, the Pakistan Cricket Board (P.C.B.) It introduced a Chairman and Chief Executive.

After taking heavy criticism on the grounds of corruption and match fixing, the Board was taken over by a fourth Ad-Hoc Committee formed on 17 July 1999 which remains in place despite undertakings from Musharraf to bring it to an end. The Pakistan Cricket Board re-emerged by taking the initiative to sponsor the hugely successful 2004 tour of Pakistan by their rivals India. The Pakistan Cricket Board has competed and has associated itself with the Twenty20 cricket form and has also proven popular and hopes to similarly revive popular interest in domestic games. However, Pakistan's early exit from the 2007 World Cup cast a shadow and later Dr. Nasim Ashraf's resigned at the end of 2008.

The major domestic competitions are for the Qaid-i-Azam Trophy, inaugurated in 1953-1954 and the ANZ Trophy.

The governance of Pakistan cricket


In 2010, following the Pakistan cricket spot fixing controversy, and subsequent erroneous statements by chairman Ijaz Butt, the Pakistan Cricket Board is facing the threat of being suspended as a full member by the ICC
International Cricket Council
The International Cricket Council is the international governing body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1909 by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket Conference in 1965, and took up its current name in 1989.The...

. Prior to this, on October 12, the ICC held meeting with Butt to discuss his inflammatory statements about the ECB
England and Wales Cricket Board
The England and Wales Cricket Board is the governing body of cricket in England and Wales. It was created on 1 January 1997 combining the roles of the Test and County Cricket Board, the National Cricket Association and the Cricket Council...

, where he claimed that English players were accepting payment to lose matches. However, the ICC has since made it clear that sanctions will be applied to the member, Pakistan, rather than an individual of its management. To avoid such embarrassing situation in future, the Pakistan Cricket Board has introduced a revised code of conduct for its players in line with recommendations made by the International Cricket Council for stricter implementation of anti-corruption laws. This ICC also stated that if the board didn't implement the laws then Pakistan could be looking at suspension from International Cricket. The ICC subsequently released a press conference that included the ICC chairman Haroon Lorgat
Haroon Lorgat
Haroon Lorgat is a South African, of Indian origin, businessman and chartered accountant. He was appointed Chief Executive of the International Cricket Council in April 2008 and assumed office on 4 July 2008, succeeding Malcolm Speed, an Australian.Lorgat was an executive director of Kapela...

, Shahid Afridi
Shahid Afridi
Sahibzada Mohammad Shahid Khan Afridi , popularly known as Shahid Afridi , is a Pakistani cricketer. Between 1996 and 2011, Afridi played 27 Tests, 325 One Day Internationals, and 43 Twenty20 Internationals for the Pakistani national team...

 and Ijaz Butt
Ijaz Butt
Mohammed Ijaz Butt is a former Pakistani cricketer who played in eight Tests from 1959 to 1962...

 the ICC said that they had been happy with the work done so far by the PCB such as sigining new disciplinary contracts with the players and also placing in security and methods of tackling corruption

BCCP and PCB Presidents and Chairmen chain

  • Iftikhar Hussain Khan, Nawab of Mamdot (President and 1948 Chairman) May 1948- March 1950
  • Justice A.R.Cornelius
    A. R. Cornelius
    Alvin Robert Cornelius was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from May 13, 1960 to February 29, 1968. He was a Justice of the Supreme Court for about 17 years. Born in Agra and known as 'Bobby', he was educated at the Allahabad University and at Selwyn College, Cambridge...

     (Chairman of the working committee) 1949 - May 1953
  • Chaudhry Nazir Ahmad Khan (President) March 1950 - Sept 1951
  • Abdus Sattar Pirzada (President) September 1951 - May 1953
  • Syed Makdoomzada Hassan Mahmood (Chairman) May 1953 - Oct 1957
  • Mian Aminuddin (President) March 1953 - Jul 1954
  • Muhammad Ali Bogra
    Muhammad Ali Bogra
    Nawabzada Mohammed Ali Bogra was a Pakistani statesman of Bengali origin, who served as the third Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1953 until 1955.-Early life:...

     (President) July 1954 - September 1955
  • Maj. Gen Iskander Mirza (President) September 1955 - December 1958
  • A T Naqvi (Chairman) October 1957 - December 1958
  • S M H Mahmood (Chairman) December 1958 - May 1959
  • N M Khan (Chairman) May 1959 - September 1960
  • General Muhammad Ayub Khan (President) December 1958 - October 1959
  • Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan (President) October 1959 - June 1963

- First Ad-Hoc Committee September 1960 to May 1963
  • Justice A.R.Cornelius
    A. R. Cornelius
    Alvin Robert Cornelius was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from May 13, 1960 to February 29, 1968. He was a Justice of the Supreme Court for about 17 years. Born in Agra and known as 'Bobby', he was educated at the Allahabad University and at Selwyn College, Cambridge...

      (Chairman of the Ad hoc Committee) September 1960-May 1963
  • Muzafar Hussain (Chairman of the Executive Committee) September 1963 - Sep 1966
  • Syed Fida Hussain (President) 7 September 1963 - May, 1969

- from 1966 the BCCP President also acted as Chairman of the Executive Committee
  • I A Khan (President) May 1969 - April 1972
  • Abdul Hafeez Kardar
    Abdul Kardar
    Abdul Hafeez Kardar or Abdul Kardar was an international cricketer, who is one of the only three players to have played Test cricket for both India and Pakistan; the other two being Amir Elahi and Gul Mohammad...

     (President) May 1972 - Apr 1977
  • Chaudhry Muhammad Hussain (President) Apr 1977 - July 1978

- Second Ad-Hoc Committee July 1978 to Feb 1980
  • Lt Gen (Retd) K. M. Azhar
    Khwaja Mohammad Azhar Khan
    Lieutenant General Khwaja Mohammad Azhar Khan was the chairman of the high-powered committee of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan and a former governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.-Early life:...

     (Chairman Ad hoc Committee) August 1978 - Feb 1980
  • Air Marshal (Retd) Muhammad Nur Khan
    Nur Khan
    Air Marshal Malik Nur Khan, HJ, HS, HQA, SPk was the Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Air Force from 1965 to 1969. Considered the hero of the 1965 air war - the man who led the Pakistan air force achieve parity over the three times bigger Indian air force on the very first day of the 1965 war - a...

     (President) February 1980 - Feb 1984
  • Lt Gen. (Retd) Ghulam Safdar Butt March 1984 - February 1988
  • Lt Gen. (Retd) Zahid Ali Akbar Khan  March 1988 - August 1992
  • Justice Dr Nasim Hasan Shah
    Nasim Hasan Shah
    Born in Lahore on April 15, 1929 to Syed Mohsin Shah, an eminent advocate and political activist, Justice Dr. Nasim Hasan Shah, a former Chief Justice of Pakistan, gained international respect and recognition when he restored the sovereignty of the Parliament in Pakistan; the first such instance in...

      Oct 1992 - Dec 1993

- Third Ad-Hoc Committee Dec 1993 to April 1994
  • Javed Burki
    Javed Burki
    Javed Burki is a former Pakistani cricketer who played in 25 Tests from 1960 to 1969 to eventually become an ICC match referee. Burki received his early education from St. Mary's Academy, Rawalpindi and Aitchison College, Lahore...

     (Chairman Ad hoc Committee) 13 January 1994 - 20 March 1994
  • Arif Ali Khan Abbasi (Chief Executive) Jan 1994 - May 1996
  • Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah Bukhari (Chairman of PCB) April 1994 - Jan 1998
  • Majid Khan (Chief Executive) May 1996 - May 1999
  • Khalid Mahmood (President) Jan 1998 - Jul 1999

- Fourth Ad-Hoc Committee 16 July 1999–present
  • Mujeeb ur Rehman (Chairman Ad hoc Committee) Aug 1999 - October 1999

- Dr Zafar Altaf took over when President Nawaz Sharif left office.
  • Dr. Zafar Altaf (Chairman Ad hoc Committee) October 1999 - December 1999
  • Lt. Gen. Tauqir Zia (Chairman Ad hoc Committee) December 1999-2003
  • Shaharyar Muhammad Khan
    Shahryar Khan
    Nawabzada Shahryar Mohammad Khan is a former career Pakistan diplomat who rose to the position of Foreign Secretary of Pakistan in 1990, and remained so till his retirement from service in 1994; he was later appointed as UN SRSG to Rwanda .Nawabzada Shahryar Muhammed Khan is descended from the...

     (Chairman Ad hoc Committee) December 2003 - October 2006
  • Dr. Naseem Ashraf
    Naseem Ashraf
    Nasim Ashraf was the Chairman of the National Commission for Human Development , Pakistan and a Minister of State. Prior to that, Ashraf served as the Team Leader for the President’s Task Force on Human Development in 2001. He was also appointed as Chairman PCB by the President of Pakistan in...

      (Chairman Ad hoc Committee) October 2006 - August 2008.
  • Ijaz Butt
    Ijaz Butt
    Mohammed Ijaz Butt is a former Pakistani cricketer who played in eight Tests from 1959 to 1962...

     October 2008 – October 2011
  • Zaka Ashraf
    Zaka Ashraf
    Muhammad Zaka Ashraf is a Pakistani chief executive who has been the ex-president of the Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited . He has been appointed as the chairman of the Pakistan Cricket Board, as of 15 October 2011....

    October 2011 - present


Constitution of PCB:
  • The Pakistan Cricket Board constitution is the law by which the PCB is governed. There is work going on to amend the constitution, making its Cricket Association more democratic and reducing the powers of the Chairman.

External links