Kozhikode

Kozhikode

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Encyclopedia
Kozhikode was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement...

, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was an Afghan, Pashtun political and spiritual leader known for his non-violent opposition to British Rule in India...

, Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhara was an Indian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms and a fourth term . She was assassinated by Sikh extremists...

 and Krishna Menon
Krishna Menon
Vengalil Krishnan Krishna Menon , commonly referred to as Krishna Menon, was an Indian nationalist, diplomat and statesman, described as the second most powerful man in India by Time Magazine and others, after his ally and intimate friend, Jawaharlal Nehru.Described as "vitriolic,...

 have addressed people here. The 'Beach Road' was renamed Gandhi Road from Evan's Road after Mahatma Gandhi's visit in January 1934. Two dilapidated piers can be seen extending into the sea. The 'Iron Screw-pile' pier to the north was built in 1871, 400 ft (121.9 m) with a 'T' end. Numerous cranes on these piers once loaded spices and other goods destined to foreign ports like Aden
Aden
Aden is a seaport city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea , some 170 kilometres east of Bab-el-Mandeb. Its population is approximately 800,000. Aden's ancient, natural harbour lies in the crater of an extinct volcano which now forms a peninsula, joined to the mainland by a...

, Genoa
Genoa
Genoa |Ligurian]] Zena ; Latin and, archaically, English Genua) is a city and an important seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria....

, Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

, London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

, Bremen
Bremen
The City Municipality of Bremen is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany. A commercial and industrial city with a major port on the river Weser, Bremen is part of the Bremen-Oldenburg metropolitan area . Bremen is the second most populous city in North Germany and tenth in Germany.Bremen is...

, Hamburg
Hamburg
-History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...

, New York
New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

 etc. Near the northern pier is a park maintained by the Lions club
Lions Clubs International
Lions Clubs International is a secular service organization with over 44,500 clubs and more than 1,368,683 members in 191 countries around the world founded by Melvin Jones Headquartered in Oak Brook, Illinois, United States, the organization aims to meet the needs of communities on a local and...

, a children's park, the lighthouse with a seafarer's memorial and a marine aquarium. Further north to the Lions' Park is a dirty fishing area where once was located a French Loge with factories and French settlements. Near the south pier is a place called 'Horse's Jumping Point' where horses brought from Gujarat and Arabia were made to jump into the water, swim and would gallop along the shore and be displayed for sale. The beach offers a pleasant view at times of fishermen entering the sea with their tiny boats, fighting the waves and returning with their catch.
Veliyangadi (big bazaar)

Veliyangadi is not a typical 'place of interest' one would want to visit. The noise, rush and heat of this narrow lane would test any visitors' mettle. Nevertheless, not many streets can boast a 600-year-old history and still be functioning as one of the main commercial centre of a city. In spite of creeping signs of modernity over hundreds of years, this crowded part of the city offers the best chance to visualize daily life at a commercial hub in medieval Calicut. Muslim, Jain and Hindu seths, Gujarathi and Marwari moneylenders and Tamil and Andhra Chettis can be seen busy with their businesses, as they did for centuries. Merchants and accountants still use a unique system of finger-code language as noted by Ma Huang of Zheng He
Zheng He
Zheng He , also known as Ma Sanbao and Hajji Mahmud Shamsuddin was a Hui-Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat and fleet admiral, who commanded voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa, collectively referred to as the Voyages of Zheng He or Voyages of Cheng Ho from...

's fleet in 1403. The legend has it that the First Secretary of the Zamorin, Mangat Achan, after a long penance had the goddess of wealth Lakshmi appear before him. He then made her promise to wait until he returned but went home and committed suicide. Unable to break her promise, it is said, Lakshmi stayed permanently in Veliyangadi.
Mananchira and nearby institutions

Mananchira
Mananchira
Mananchira Square is a park in the centre of Kozhikode, Kerala state, southern India. The historic maithan, adjacent to Manachira has been converted into an arcadia with trees and plants, an artificial hill, shrubs, sculpture, an open air theatre, and a musical fountain.Mananchira Square is named...

 is a large tank in the heart of the city. Mananchira or Mana Vikraman Tank (Manan or Mana Vikraman being the Coronation name of the Zamorins) seems to have been the drinking water source for the entire Palace complex (previously located at the Kottaparambu Women and Children Hospital). Surrounding the Mananchira are several important institutions. The Town Hall was constructed in 1891 by the salt merchants (previously called Salt Abkari Town Hall) and has been an important stage for several popular agitations and ceremonies during the freedom movement and thereafter. The Pattalapalli or 'Military Mosque' was originally built for the Mysore soldiers who had surrounded the Palace during the 'Mysore invasion'. The Comtrust Textile Factory (previously the Commonwealth Weaving Factory) was established in 1884 by the Basel Mission
Basel Mission
The Basel Mission is a Christian missionary society active from 1815 to 2001, when it was merged into Mission 21, the successor organization of Kooperation Evangelischer Kirchen und Missione founded in 2001....

 from Germany. To the western side of Mananchira is located the C.S.I. Church, Basel Mission Complex and the BEM (Basel Evangelical Mission) Girls' School (1848). Once the main courtyard of the Zamorin Ruler's palace, the Mananchira ground along with the older Ansari Park (named after the freedom fighter Ansari) has been developed into a well- maintained park called 'Mananchira Square'. It has a green carpet lawn fenced with laterite- sculpted walls. The entire complex is circled by 250 lamp posts designed in 'colonial' style. The 'Square' has an artificial stream, a musical fountain, an open-air theatre and a music stage.
SM Street

S.M. Street is a buzzing shopping and commercial lane immediately north of Mananchira Square. The name Sweetmeat is thought to have been derived from a kind of sweet (locally called 'Halwa') which was called 'Sweetmeat' by European traders. S.M. street, like the lanes of Veliyangadi, is about 600 years old and was most likely occupied by the residences and shops of sweet manufacturers from Gujarath. A now-abandoned Parsi cemetery called Anjuman, most likely built in the 17th century, is located here and finds mention in William Logan
William Logan (Malabar Manual)
William Logan was a Scottish officer of the Madras Civil Service under the British Government. Before his appointment as Collector of Malabar, he had served in the area for about twenty years in the capacity of Magistrate and Judge. He was conversant in Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu...

's Malabar.

Regional Science Centre and Planetarium
Planetarium
A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation...



Regional Science Centre & Planetarium Calicut functioning under NCSM (Govt.of India) shoulders the leading role in propelling science dissemination activities in Kerala, especially in the Malabar region. Calicut, the capital of Malabar right from the time of the Zamorin’s dynasty is now a fascinating place with unparalleled attractions including historic monuments, works of art and cultural contributions. The city attracts and accommodates visitors by outstretched red carpet of its enticing natural beauty.Situated in this land of distinct heritage RSC & Planetarium engages itself in dissemination of science through interactive exhibitions. The centre provides a perfect ambiance for exploring science through hands onexpositions ,Planetarium, 3D
3D
3D or 3-D may refer to:*Three-dimensional space, the physical universe*Stereoscopy, any technique capable of recording three-dimensional visual information or creating the illusion of depth in an image-Music:*3D...

theatre etc. It presents a plethora of facilities to inculcate scientific attitude in society.
Sarovaram Biopark

Sarovaram
Sarovaram
Sarovaram is an eco-friendly development near the city of Kozhikode in the southern Indian state of Kerala, situated adjacent to Canoly Canal. The project has been developed with an eco-friendly theme and is located in an ecosystem consisting of wetlands and mangrove forests containing bird habitats...

 is an eco-friendly bio-park in Kozhikode city. It is a project meant for conservation of the wetlands through eco-friendly tourism interventions by sustainable methods. This is one of the 27 wetlands of natural importance identified by the Government of India for conservation under National Wetland conservation program. The wetlands are rich with 7 mangrove spices, 29 mangrove associates and fauna ranging from protozoa to Otter. It is also a congenial habitat for 20 types of water birds, 2 bird associated with water, 3 birds associated with waterlogged reeds and 9 land birds. The 11 km long canal connects Korappuzha and Kallai rivers and brings in periodic influx of saline water which makes the habitat ideal for mangrove, fisheries and other biota. The major components of the project are canal walkway, boating facilities, Otter Park, Butterfly Park, bird sanctuary, aquarium, coracles, floating rafts, board-walk, park/ musical fountain, open air theatre, Interpretation centre etc.
Tali Siva Temple
The Tali Siva temple was one of the two Brahmanical royal temples patronized by the Zamorin (the other being the Valayanaattu Kavu) and to this day remains one of the most important spiritual and cultural centres in Kozhikode. The temple's date of origin is uncertain but was most likely built during the foundation of the city itself in the 12th century or before. The temple is surrounded by gigantic walls of 'elephant belly' (aana palla) type with broad base and narrower neck at the top. One of the two tanks attached to the temple can be seen to the right. The temple hosts the annual 'competition for scholars' called Revathi Pattathanam
Revathi Pattathanam
Revathi Pattathanam is an annual assembly of scholars held since ancient times at Kozhikode in Kerala, India. Traditionally a seven-day event, the festival used to be held under the patronage of the Zamorin of Kozhikode. The prime event of the assembly, is the conferring of the title Bhatta along...

attended by eminent scholars and philophers of Bharatiya Mimamsa
Mimamsa
' , a Sanskrit word meaning "investigation" , is the name of an astika school of Hindu philosophy whose primary enquiry is into the nature of dharma based on close hermeneutics of the Vedas...

, Prabhakara Mimamsa, Vedanta
Vedanta
Vedānta was originally a word used in Hindu philosophy as a synonym for that part of the Veda texts known also as the Upanishads. The name is a morphophonological form of Veda-anta = "Veda-end" = "the appendix to the Vedic hymns." It is also speculated that "Vedānta" means "the purpose or goal...

 Mimamsa and Vyakarana
Vyakarana
The Sanskrit grammatical tradition of ' is one of the six Vedanga disciplines. It has its roots in late Vedic India, and includes the famous work, The Sanskrit grammatical tradition of ' is one of the six Vedanga disciplines. It has its roots in late Vedic India, and includes the famous work, ...

. The temple was also the site for the famous anti-caste agitation of 1911 organized by Krishna Vakil (editor of Mitavadi) and advocate Manjeri Rama Ayyar for the rights of 'low-caste' people to use the road between the tank and the temple.

Mishkal Mosque
Mishkal Mosque
Mishkal Mosque is a mosque located in Kozhikode in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the oldest mosques in Kerala.-History:...



It is one of the oldest mosques in Kerala. The Mosque was built by an Arab merchant, Nakhooda Mishkal, nearly 650 years ago. It is named Mishkal Mosque after him. It is located in Kuttichira, a part of Thekkepuram region in Kozhikode city. In 1510, the mosque was partially burned in a Portuguese attack. The top floors of the mosque still display some of that damage. Mishkal Mosque originally had five stories. It was reconstructed after the fire in 1510 and now has four stories. Typical for similarly aged mosques of the region, it has no cupolas and minarets and heavily employs timber. According to some historians, Kerala’s temple architecture influenced the architecture of old mosques in Kerala which have gopuram style entrance arches and no minarets
Panniyankara Bhagavati Temple

The Bhagavaty temple on a hillock on the southern side of Kallayi river is one of the two pre-Calicut temples known to historians, built at least two centuries before the foundation of the city. This area must have come under the territory of Porlathiri during the reign of Ceraman Perumal. It is a typical Chera period structure with a square garbhagriha
Garbhagriha
Garbhagriha or Garbha griha is the small unlit shrine of a Hindu temple.Garbhagriha or ' is a Sanskrit word meaning the interior of the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost sanctum of a Hindu temple where resides the murti of the primary deity of the temple...

 and mandapa
Mandapa
A mandapa in Indian architecture is a pillared outdoor hall or pavilion for public rituals.-Temple architecture:...

 and probably had a currambalam and prakara (outer walls) that are no more. Two granite slabs dating to the 10–11th century AD were recovered recently carrying three inscriptions in Vattezhuthu
Vatteluttu
Vatteluttu alphabet, also spelled Vattezhuttu alphabet is an abugida writing system originating from the Tamil people of Southern India...

, an old Malayalam language. One is a record of a land grant of the Chera king Ravi Kota, who was coronated in 1021 AD. Mentioned in the inscription are functionaries like Adhikarar (officials), Alkoyil (king's representative) and Poduval (temple secretary) and avirodham (a system of unanimous resolution), kalam (an old measure), etc. The second inscription dating back to 883–913 AD records a decision by the Taliyar and Tali Adhikarikal of 'Panriyankarai' to conduct seven Tiruvakkiram (sacred feast) at the shrine of Patari (female deity). The third inscription records a unanimous decision to transfer some land belonging to the daughter of the Chief Queen of Cheraman Perumal for the conduct of Tiru amritu (sacred feast).

Thiruvannur Siva Temple

This ancient and beautiful Siva temple has an apsidal garbhagriha
Garbhagriha
Garbhagriha or Garbha griha is the small unlit shrine of a Hindu temple.Garbhagriha or ' is a Sanskrit word meaning the interior of the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost sanctum of a Hindu temple where resides the murti of the primary deity of the temple...

, decorated with typical Chola pillars and pilasters, panjaras and vyalimukhas. The central shrine has escaped any repair or change and is relatively well preserved. An inscription unearthed records a land grant given to Tirumannur Patarakar in the eighth regnal year of Raja Raja Chera. The record has been dated to 1044 AD. The deity appears to have been a Jain Tirthankara (since the rules of Thirukkunavaye, the premier Jain shrine of Kerala in Kodungalloor, are cited in the punitive clauses). The Jain temple must have been converted into a Siva temples sometime in the 11th century before the arrival of the Zamorins. The apsidal shrine and other features are attributable to this period.

Kappad Beach

Kappad (Kappakkadavu) Beach is located 16 km to the north of Kozhikode along the Kannur
Kannur
Kannur , also known as Cannanore, is a city in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the administrative headquarters of the District of Kannur and 518km north of state capital Trivandrum. During British rule in India, Kannur was known by its old name Cannanore, which is still in...

 road at Tiruvangoor. Apart from the fact that it is a beautiful rocky beach with high potential for tourism, it is the site where Vasco Da Gama
Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India...

 landed on 27 May 1498 with three vessels and 170 men. A monument erected here commemorates this event. An ancient temple on a hillock, facing the sea, is an added attraction.

Beypore

Beypore
Beypore
Beypore or Beypur is a ancient port town and part of Calicut municipal corporation in Kozhikode district in the state of Kerala, India. The place was formerly known as Vaypura / Vadaparappanad. Tippu Sultan named the town “Sultan Pattanam”.This place also has a marina and a beautiful beach...

 is a small port town situated 10 km south of Calicut at the mouth of Chaliyar river
Chaliyar River
Chaliyar is the fourth longest river in Kerala at 169 km in length. The Chaliyar is also known as Beypore River as it nears the sea...

. Beypore is famous for its ancient shipbuilding industry that constructed the Uru
Uru (Big Boat)
The Uru, or "Big Boat", is made in Beypore, a village in south Calicut, Kerala, in southwestern India. A couple of boat-building yards can be found near the Beypore port. These have been used by the Arabs and Greeks since ancient times as trading vessels, and even now, urus are being manufactured...

, trading vessels more popular during the medieval periods and still used by the Arabs and others for commerce and tours. The place was formerly known as Vaypura and Vadaparappanad. Tippu Sultan named the town "Sultan Pattanam". It is one of the important ports of Kerala and has been a major trading centre for 1.061centuries. The dilapidated Kovilakam (palace) of the Parappanad Rajas and a small Basheer Museum (former house of the writer Vaikom Muhammad Basheer
Vaikom Muhammad Basheer
Vaikom Muhammad Basheer was a Malayalam fiction writer from the state of Kerala in India. He was a humanist, freedom fighter, novelist and short story writer. He is noted for his pathbreaking, disarmingly down-to-earth style of writing that made him equally popular among literary critics as well...

) can be found here. Towards the sea shore is a big complex that includes a port, a boat yard, a fish landing platform, breakwater project, marine ware shop, ship- breaking unit, etc. There are two man-made extensions to the sea to facilitate easy access for fishing boats. The 2 km breakwater
Breakwater (structure)
Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal defence or to protect an anchorage from the effects of weather and longshore drift.-Purposes of breakwaters:...

 made of stone is another attraction. The Beypore lighthouse is located to the south of the Chaliyar.

Kirtads

This unique museum houses the tools and devices used by the ancient tribal communities of Kerala. A good library with books on Anthropology and Sociology is an added attraction. It is situated at Chevayur.

Thusharagiri Falls

Thusharagiri Falls
Thusharagiri Falls
Thusharigiri Falls is a waterfall located in Kozhikode district in the Indian state of Kerala.Two streams originating from the Western Ghats meet here to form the Chalippuzha River. The river diverges into three waterfalls creating a snowy spray, which gives the name, 'Thusharagiri'. The word...

 is a waterfall located in Chembukadavu
Thusharagiri offers endless scope for trekking, rock climbing and wild life sanctuary visits. It is around 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Kozhikode. The nearest town Kodencherry is around 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Thusharagiri.The other main towns situated here are Thiruvambady and Thamarassery
Thamarassery
Thamarassery is a picturesque town in Kozhikode district of Kerala, India, 30 km east of Kozhikode City. It lies on the Calicut - Wayanad route...

. One has to purchase all necessary things for trekking from here

Other places of interest
  • Art gallery and Krishna Menon
    Krishna Menon
    Vengalil Krishnan Krishna Menon , commonly referred to as Krishna Menon, was an Indian nationalist, diplomat and statesman, described as the second most powerful man in India by Time Magazine and others, after his ally and intimate friend, Jawaharlal Nehru.Described as "vitriolic,...

     Museum at East Hill, Kozhikode
  • Kadalundi
    Kadalundi
    Kadalundi is a village in Kozhikode district, Kerala, India. It is a coastal village close to the Arabian Sea. Kadalundi is famous for its bird sanctuary which is home to various migratory birds during certain seasons and has been recently declared as a bio-reserve...

     Bio Reserve, home to various migratory birds
  • Lalitha Kala Academy, behind town hall, Kozhikode
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium
  • Mishkal Mosque
    Mishkal Mosque
    Mishkal Mosque is a mosque located in Kozhikode in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the oldest mosques in Kerala.-History:...

    , a historic Mosque built 650 years ago
  • Lokanarkavu Temple
    Lokanarkavu temple
    Lokanarkavu Temple is situated at Memunda 5 km from Vatakara, in North Malabar region of Kerala state of south India. Lokanarkavu is a short form of Lokamalayarkavu which means lokam made of mala , aaru and kavu...

    , a temple dedicated to the goddess Durga, is situated at Memunda
    Memunda
    Memunda is a small village near Vatakara town in Kozhikode district of Kerala, south India. The Story of Thcholi Othenan is related to this place. Many exploits of Tacholi Othenan, the hero of the ballads of north malabar were held in is the Lokanarkavu , in Memunda...

    . The temple is 4 km from vadakara. It is often associated with the martial art Kalarippayattu
    Kalarippayattu
    Kalaripayattu is a southern Indian martial art originating in Tamil Nadu but also practiced in contiguous parts of Kerala and Karnataka.Kalari payat includes strikes, kicks, grappling, preset forms, weaponry and healing methods...

    .
  • Kozhippara waterfalls is located at the eastern side of the district and offers a good trekking experience
  • Sultan Bathery: The major hill station
    Hill station
    A hill station is a town located at a higher elevation than the nearby plain or valley. The term was used mostly in colonial Asia , but also in Africa , for towns founded by European colonial rulers as refuges from the summer heat, up where temperatures are cooler...

     of Malabar. Distance to Sultan Bathery, 98 km.
  • Peruvannamuzhi dam : There are boat services and a crocodile sanctuary. The Experimental Farm of the Indian Institute of Spices Research which maintains large collections of black pepper, ginger, turmeric, nutmeg, clove, cinnamon and garcinia is also located here.
  • Kakkayam dam and hydroelectric
    Hydroelectricity
    Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower; the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. It is the most widely used form of renewable energy...

     power station. Also an ideal location for treks.

Culture


In the field of Malayalam language
Malayalam language
Malayalam , is one of the four major Dravidian languages of southern India. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India with official language status in the state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Pondicherry. It is spoken by 35.9 million people...

 and literature, Kozhikode has made many significant contributions. One of the 17th century Zamorin king named Manavedan, authored the famous 'Krishnattam', a manipravala text describing the childhood of Lord Krishna in 8 volumes. The district is famous for folk songs or ballads known as Vadakkan Pattukal. The most popular songs among them are those which celebrate the exploits of Thacholi Othenan
Thacholi Othenan
Thacholi Meppayil Kunjhu Othenan or Mepayil Tacholi Manikoth Kovilakathu Kunji Othena Kurup or more popularly Thacholi Othenan was a legendary hero who is believed to have lived during 16th century in North Malabar region of Kerala, India...

 and Unniyarcha
Unniyarcha
Unniyarcha is a popular legendary woman warrior mentioned in the Vadakkan Pattukal, the old ballads of North Malabar. She is a popular character in Keralan folklore...

. The famous intellectual debate for Vedic scholars to win the coveted position of Pattathanam takes place at Thali temple during the month of Thulam
Malayalam calendar
Malayalam calendar is a solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, India. The origin of the calendar has been dated as 825 CE....

. Kozhikode also has strong associations with ghazal
Ghazal
The ghazal is a poetic form consisting of rhyming couplets and a refrain, with each line sharing the same meter. A ghazal may be understood as a poetic expression of both the pain of loss or separation and the beauty of love in spite of that pain. The form is ancient, originating in 6th century...

s and football.

The city has a strong mercantile streak to it. The main area of business was once 'Valiyangadi' (Big Bazaar) near the railway station. As time progressed, it shifted to other parts of the city. These days, the commercial heart has moved to Mittai Theruvu (Sweet Meat Street), a long street crammed with shops that sell everything from sari
Sari
A sari or sareeThe name of the garment in various regional languages include: , , , , , , , , , , , , , is a strip of unstitched cloth, worn by females, ranging from four to nine metres in length that is draped over the body in various styles. It is popular in India, Bangladesh, Nepal,...

s to cosmetics. It also houses restaurants and sweetmeat shops. The name Mittai Theruvu or S.M. Street comes from the famous Kozhikode Halwa which was often called Sweet Meat. The multicultural mix of Kozhikode ensures that Onam
Onam
Onam is a Hindu festival celebrated by the people of Kerala, India. The festival commemorates the Vamana avatar of Vishnu and the subsequent homecoming of the legendary Emperor Mahabali. It falls during the month of Chingam and lasts for ten days...

, Christmas
Christmas
Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual holiday generally celebrated on December 25 by billions of people around the world. It is a Christian feast that commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ, liturgically closing the Advent season and initiating the season of Christmastide, which lasts twelve days...

 and Id-ul-Fitr (the festivals of the Hindus, Christians, and Muslims respectively) are celebrated with equal pomp.

Cuisine


Kozhikode offers fare to suit every palate. Vegetarian fare includes the sadya. The non-vegetarian food offered in the city is a unique mix of Mapila and Hindu preparations. Some popular dishes include the Biriyani
Biryani
Biryani, biriani, or beriani is a set of rice-based foods made with spices, rice and meat, fish, eggs or vegetables. The name is derived from the Persian word beryā which means "fried" or "roasted"....

, ghee rice with beef curry, seafood (prawns, mussels, mackerel) and paper-thin Pathiris
Pathiri
Pathiri is a pancake made of rice flour. It is part of the local cuisine among the Mappilas of North Malabar and Malabar in Kerala State of Southern India. Crushed rice is made into a white dough and baked on pans called oadu...

 to provide accompaniment to spicy gravy. Another well-known specialty is banana chips
Banana chips
Banana chips are deep-fried and/or dried slices of bananas . They can be covered with sugar or honey and have a sweet taste, or they can be fried in oil and spices and have a salty and/or spicy taste. Variants of banana chips may be covered with chocolate instead...

, which are made crisp and wafer-thin.

Music


In addition to the Malabar Mahotsavam, every year since 1981 the Tyagaraja Aradhana Trust has been conducting a 5 day music festival in honour of Sri Tyagaraja. The festival is complete with the Uncchavritti, rendering of Divyanama kritis, Pancharatna Kritis, concerts by both professional artistes and students of music from morning to late in the evening.

Media


Film industry

The film history of Calicut dates back to 50s. Some of the main production companies of malayalam films like Grihalakshmi productions, Kalpaka, Swargachithra, etc. are calicut based companies. The city was also an important hub of top notch film makers like M. T. Vasudevan Nair
M. T. Vasudevan Nair
Madathil Thekkepaattu Vasudevan Nair , popularly known as MT, is an Indian author, screenplay writer and film director. He was born in Kudallur, a small village in the present day Palakkad District, which was under the Malabar District in the Madras Presidency of the British Raj...

, I. V. Sasi
I. V. Sasi
Irruppam Veedu Sasidaran, better known as I. V. Sasi, is a Malayali Indian film director who is known for his films of the 1970s, 80s and early 90s. He has directed about 150 films in various South Indian languages and Hindi. He is known as the "veteran" or the "guru" filmmaker in Malayalam...

, T.Damodaran, etc. Kozhikode produced some notable actors. Late Ummer, Mammukoya, Balan K. Nair
Balan K. Nair
Balan K. Nair was a Malayalam film actor. Even though he appeared in most films as villain, he was also noted for his performance in strong character roles. He won the National Film Award for Best Actor in 1981 for his performance in the movie Oppol.-Personal life:Balan K...

, Sudeesh, Santha Devi
Santha Devi
Santha Devi , better known by her stage name Kozhikode Santha Devi, was an Indian Malayalam film and stage actress...

 and the late Kuthiravattam Pappu
Kuthiravattam Pappu
Kuthiravattam Pappu, often credited as Pappu, was a popular Indian stage and film actor. His repertoire of acting was based on his unique style and use of the Kozhikodan dialect, impeccable timing and the capability to grasp the subtle nuances of any character and mould it into his signature "Pappu...

 are some examples of the popular Malayalam actors. The ever green musician Baburaj
Baburaj
Mohammad Sabir Baburaj , also known as M. S. Baburaj, was a Malayalam music composer. He is often credited for the renaissance of Malayalam film music. Baburaj has rendered music to many evergreen Malayalam film songs.-Early years:...

, The late Gireesh Puthenchery
Gireesh Puthenchery
Gireesh Puthenchery was a noted Malayalam lyricist and screenwriter. He also served as a governing council member of the Indian Performance Rights Society . He won the Kerala State Film Award for Best Lyrics seven times...

, arguably one of the best lyricists in Malayalam film industry, lyricist and music director Kaithapram Damodaran Namboothiri, Director, script writer and actor Ranjith
Ranjith
Ranjith or Renjith might mean the following people:* Malcolm Ranjith , Sri Lankan Cardinal of the Catholic Church* Ranjith, a popular Indian screen writer and film director in Malayalam cinema...

, V. M. Vinu and Shajoon Kariyal also hails from Kozhikode.

Print Media

Kozhikode occupies a prominent position in the history of Malayalam journalism
Malayalam journalism
Malayalam journalism refers to journalism in the Malayalam language. It began its history with the publication of the Raajyasamaachaaram and the Pashchimodhayam under the direction of Hermann Gundert in June 1847.-Defunct Malayalam newspapers:...

. The origin of journalism in the district can be traced back to 1880. The Kerala Pathrika is likely the earliest newspaper published from Kozhikode. Keralam, Kerala Sanchari and Bharath Vilasam are among the other newspapers that were published from Kozhikode pre- 1893.

Kozhikode is the 'birthplace' of the widely circulated Malayalam dailies Mathrubhumi
Mathrubhumi
Mathrubhumi is a Malayalam language newspaper that is published from Kerala, India. Mathrubhumi was founded by K. P. Kesava Menon, an active volunteer in the Indian freedom struggle against the British.-History:...

, Desabhimani
Desabhimani
Desabhimani is a Malayalam newspaper and the organ of the Kerala State Committee of the Communist Party of India . Started as a weekly in Kozhikode on September 6, 1942 and converted to a daily in 1946. Deshabhimani now has six different printing centres: Kozhikode, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram,...

and Madhyamam
Madhyamam
Madhyamam is a Malayalam daily newspaper published from Kerala, India, since 1987.. It was founded in 1987 by the initiatives of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. It has 10 editions in India and its Gulf edition Gulf Madhyamam has 9 in the Middle East...

. Chandrika
Chandrika
This article is about a Malayalam newspaper. For the soap brand, see Chandrika .Chandrika is a Malayalam newspaper run by the Indian Union Muslim League, Kerala. It is published from Kozhikode and was the first attempt to have a newspaper from Malabar Muslims to support the political party...

, Thejas
Thejas
Thejas is a Malayalam news daily run by Intermedia Publishing Ltd., a Public Limited Company based in Calicut. Thejas is the Malayalam mouthpiece of Popular front of india. It started functioning from Republic Day of India in Feb 2006. Within a short span of three months it started another edition...

, Siraj, Varthamanam
Varthamanam
Varthamanam is a Malayalam daily published from Calicut, Cochin, and Doha by Media View Limited. Well known Malayalam critic and orator Sukumar Azhikode was the founding chief editor of the newspaper. Jafar Atholi is the editor in charge of Varthamanam now. Varthamanam as a newspaper uplifting...

and Calicut Times are the another dailies from Calicut. Along with those papers, noted dailies like Malayala Manorama
Malayala Manorama
Malayala Manorama is a daily news paper, in Malayalam language, published in the state of Kerala, India. It was first published as a weekly on 14 March 1890, and currently has a readership of over 16 million . The Malayalam word "manorama" roughly translates to "entertainer"...

, Kerala Kaumudi
Kerala Kaumudi
Kerala Kaumudi is a popular Malayalam newspaper, founded in 1911 by C. V. Kunhiraman with K. Sukumaran B.A. as the founder editor. Printed from Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alappuzha, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kannur in Kerala and Bangalore, Kerala Kaumudi is the third most circulated Malayalam daily. The...

, Mangalam
Mangalam
Mangalam Publications Private Limited, is a publishing company in Kottayam, Kerala in India. It publishes daily newspaper and weekly magazines such as Mangalam Weekly and Cinema Mangalam in Malayalam language.- History :...

, Deepika
Deepika
Deepika, a Malayalam language newspaper, is one of the oldest newspapers published in India. Started in 1887, it is the oldest Malayalam newspaper now in circulation. Deepika publishes editions from Kottayam, Kochi, Kannur, Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram and Kozhikode. It was controlled by the Syro...

, New Indian Express, Janmabhumi
Janmabhumi
Janmabhumi Newspaper is an Indian daily newspaper founded in 1977, published in a broadsheet format and owned by Matruka Pracharanalayam Ltd.The paper's Managing Director is Kummanam Rajashekharan.The paper's editor in chief is Hari S. Kartha....

, Veekshanam and evening dailies like Pradeepam, Rashtra deepika, News Kerala and Flash are published from Calicut city. Nearly all news agencies, other major news papers published from outside the state are represented in Kozhikode. A large number of weeklies, fortnightlies and monthlies are also published from here. Newspapers in other regional languages like English, Hindi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu are also available.

Writers

Many prominent writers of Malayalam literature hail from Kozhikode. Among them are S. K. Pottekkatt
S. K. Pottekkatt
Sankaran Kutty Pottekkatt , popularly known as S. K. Pottekkatt, was a famous Malayalam writer from Kerala state, South India...

, Thikkodiyan
Thikkodiyan
P. Kunhananandan Nair, better known by his penname Thikodiyan was a well known Malayalam author. He was born in Thikkodi, a small village in Kozhikode district, in the Indian state of Kerala. He was a multi-faceted personality.Thikodiyan has written a number of plays, novels, screenplays, and...

, U. A. Khader
U. A. Khader
U. A. Khader is a noted Indian novelist and literary personality. He has written about fifty works in Malayalam language, which include novels, novellas, short-stories, travelogues and non-fictions. His works have been translated to various languages including English, Hindi and...

, K. T. Muhammed
K. T. Muhammed
K. T. Muhammed , popularly known as KT, was a famous Malayalam playwright and screenwriter. He had scripted about 40 stage plays, including Idhu Bhumiyanu , considered to be his masterpiece...

, Akbar Kakkattil
Akbar Kakkattil
Akbar Kakkattil is a Short-story writer and Novelist from Kerala state, South India. He is noted for his story narration with humor element.-Life:...

 and P. Valsala
P. Valsala
P. Valsala is a Malayalam novelist, short story writer, social activist, and a retired Head Mistress from Kerala state, South India. She a recipient of Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for her novel Nizhalurangunna Vazhikal...

 . Noted writers who made Kozhikode their second home include M. T. Vasudevan Nair
M. T. Vasudevan Nair
Madathil Thekkepaattu Vasudevan Nair , popularly known as MT, is an Indian author, screenplay writer and film director. He was born in Kudallur, a small village in the present day Palakkad District, which was under the Malabar District in the Madras Presidency of the British Raj...

, Uroob
Uroob
Uroob was a famous Malayalam writer from Kerala state, South India. He along with writers like Basheer, Thakazhi, Kesavadev, and Pottekkatt formed the progressive writers in Malayalam during the twentieth century. Uroob is a recipient of Kendra Sahithya Academy Award for his novel Sundarikalum...

, Sukumar Azhikode
Sukumar Azhikode
Sukumar Azhikode is a writer, critic and orator, acknowledged for his contributions to Malayalam and insights on Indian philosophy. He is a bachelor and lives in Eravimangalam near Thrissur....

 and N. P. Mohammed
N. P. Mohammed
N. P. Mohammed , popularly known by his initials N.P., was a well known Malayalam novelist and short story writer from Kerala state, South India. He, along with his contemporaries like M. T. Vasudevan Nair, O. V. Vijayan, Kakkanadan, and Kamala Das ushered in a modernist movement in Malayalam...

 . "Sanjayan
Sanjayan
Sanjayan, the penname of Professor Mannikoth Ramunni Nair or M.R. Nair , was a Malayalam satirist famous for his humorous anecdotes.Sanjayan was born in Thalassery, a town in Kannur District of Kerala....

" a known satirist was also from the city.

Radio

The Kozhikode radio station of All India Radio
All India Radio
All India Radio , officially known since 1956 as Akashvani , is the radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati. Established in 1936, it is the sister service of Prasar Bharati's Doordarshan, the national television broadcaster. All India Radio is one of the largest radio networks...

 was commissioned on 14 May 1950. It presently has two transmitters- Kozhikode AM (100 kilowatt) and Kozhikode FM [Vividh Bharathi] (10 kilowatt). Private FM radio stations: Radio Mango 91.9
Radio Mango 91.9
Radio Mango 91.9 is a FM radio station for the state of Kerala in India, operated by the Malayala Manorama in Kerala, specialising in popular music throughout the day. It started FM broadcasting from November 29, 2007 in four cities of Kerala. This is the first Malayalam private FM station in...

 operated by Malayala Manorama Co. Ltd. and Red FM 93.5
Red FM (India)
Red FM is an Indian FM radio brand, with stations broadcasting at 93.5 megahertz in the cities of Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Kanpur in addition to Jamshedpur, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Indore, Nashik, Aurangabad, Nagpur, Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Gulbarga, Kochi, Trivandrum, Thrissur, Kannur,...

 of the SUN Network. AIR FM Radio Stations: Kozhikode – 103.6 MHz; AIR MW Radio Stations: Kozhikode – 684 kHz

Television

A television transmitter has been functioning in Kozhikode from 3 July 1984, relaying programmes from Delhi
Delhi
Delhi , officially National Capital Territory of Delhi , is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest by population in India, next to Mumbai. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the world by population with 16,753,265 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census...

 and Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram , formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. It is located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland...

 Doordarshan
DoorDarshan
Doordarshan is an Indian public service broadcaster, a division of Prasar Bharati. It is one of the largest broadcasting organizations in India in terms of the infrastructure of studios and transmitters. Recently, it has also started Digital Terrestrial Transmitters. On September 15, 2009,...

. Doordarshan has its broadcasting centre in Calicut located at Medical College. The malayalam channels based on Calicut are the Darsana TV and Media One TV. All major channels in malayalam viz. Manorama News, Asianet
Asianet
Asianet Communications Limited is an Indian media conglomerate jointly owned by STAR TV and Jupiter Entertainment. Formed in 1991 and headquartered in the city of Thiruvananthapuram in the south Indian state of Kerala, the company owns several television channels including Asianet, the first...

, Surya TV
Surya TV
Surya TV is a Malayalam television channel in India. Established in 1998 October 7, Surya TV is the first digital channel of India and now the channel is telecasted in MPEG4 format. The channel is in the second position among Malayalam channels. The channel is part of Sun Network and telecast...

, Kairali TV
Kairali TV
Kairali TV is an Indian television channel broadcasting in the Malayalam language catering to the Malayalam speaking population in Kerala as well as abroad . The channel, headquartered in Trivandrum, has studio facilities in Trivandrum as well as Kochi. Malayalam Communications Limited is the...

, Amrita TV
Amrita TV
Amrita TV, launched in 2005, as a 24-hour Malayalam, general entertainment & news satellite channel with a global footprint, has been honoured with 54 State Awards for Excellence in Television—the only channel in India to be bestowed with such a recognition in just two years since inception...

, Jeevan TV
Jeevan TV
Jeevan TV is a 24 hour Malayalam television channel, with its headquarters at Palarivattom, Kochi, India. It uses the slogan "The complete family channel". Further it is a semi news channel. It is promoted by Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Thrissur. Andrews Thazhath, Metropolitan Arch Bishop...

, Indiavision
Indiavision
Indiavision is an Indian news channel in Malayalam language based at Kochi, Kerala state. Founded in 2003, it was the first exclusive news channel in Malayalam. It has its registered office at Edappally in Kochi and its telecasting studio is located at Padivattom, Kochi. Indiavision started...

 and Jaihind have their studios and news bureaus in the city. Satellite television
Satellite television
Satellite television is television programming delivered by the means of communications satellite and received by an outdoor antenna, usually a parabolic mirror generally referred to as a satellite dish, and as far as household usage is concerned, a satellite receiver either in the form of an...

 services are available through DD Direct+, Dish TV
Dish TV
Dish TV India Limited is an Indian company engaged in the business of providing direct-to-home satellite television service, which includes teleport service, customer support and transponder space leasing. Dishtv is a division of Zee Network Enterprise . It uses MPEG-2 digital compression...

, Sun Direct DTH
Sun Direct DTH
Sun Direct is an Indian direct broadcast satellite service provider. Its satellite service, launched on 2005, transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in India. Sun Direct uses MPEG-4 digital compression technology, transmitting on INSAT 4B at 93.5°E. and MEASAT-3 at 91.5°E...

 and Tata Sky
Tata Sky
TATA Sky is a direct broadcast satellite television provider in India, using MPEG-2 digital compression technology, transmitting using INSAT 4A at 83.0°E....

. Asianet Cable Vision popularly known as ACV telecasts daily city news. Spidernet is another local channel. Other local operators include KCL and Citinet.

Telephony services are provided by various players like Airtel, Idea cellular
Idea cellular
Idea Cellular, usually referred to as Idea, is an Indian wireless telecom company based in Mumbai, India. Idea is the 3rd largest mobile services operator in India, in revenue terms, and recorded of over 98.4 million customers as of August 2011....

, Vodafone
Vodafone
Vodafone Group Plc is a global telecommunications company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is the world's largest mobile telecommunications company measured by revenues and the world's second-largest measured by subscribers , with around 341 million proportionate subscribers as of...

, Aircel
Aircel
Aircel group is a mobile phone service provider in India. It offers both prepaid and postpaid GSM cellular phone coverage throughout India. The Aircel group is a joint venture between Maxis Communications Berhad of Malaysia and Sindya Securities & Investments Private Limited, whose current...

, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Docomo
Tata DoCoMo
TATA DoCoMo, referred to as DoCoMo , is a Tata Teleservices Limited owned cellular service provider on the GSM and CDMA platform-arising out of the Tata Group's strategic joint venture with Japanese telecom giant NTT Docomo in November 2008...

, MTS, Uninor
Uninor
Uninor is a mobile operator in India. The company holds Unified Access Service licences to offer mobile telephony services in each of India’s 22 telecom circles, and has received spectrum to roll out services in 21 of these...

, Tata Indicom
Tata Indicom
Tata Teleservices Limited is a Indian broadband and telecommunications provider based in Mumbai, India. It is a subsidiary of the Tata Group, an Indian conglomerate...

 and the state owned BSNL and most of them provide 3G
3G
3G or 3rd generation mobile telecommunications is a generation of standards for mobile phones and mobile telecommunication services fulfilling the International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 specifications by the International Telecommunication Union...

 services also. The city also have Broadband wireless services on WiMAX
WiMAX
WiMAX is a communication technology for wirelessly delivering high-speed Internet service to large geographical areas. The 2005 WiMAX revision provided bit rates up to 40 Mbit/s with the 2011 update up to 1 Gbit/s for fixed stations...

 platform.

The Calicut Press Club came into existence in 1970. The Calicut Press Club is the nerve centre of all media activities, both print and electronic. Began with around 70 members in the roll, this Press Club over the years has grown up to be a very prestigious and alert media center in the state with a present membership of over 280.

Education


There were reputed centres of learning and culture in kozhikode even in the early and medieval periods. Under the rule of the enlightened Zamorins, it became famous all over South India as a rendezvous of scholars and men of learning.

The beginning of western education may be traced back to the first half of the19th century, when in 1848 the basal Evangelical Mission started primary school at Kallai. In 1877, a school for the young Rajas was started in Kozhikode. This was later thrown open to all caste Hindu boys. In 1879, it was affiliated to the University of Madras as a second grade college and with this, collegiate education in the district received a fillip. Secondary education recorded an appreciable progress since 1915. The erstwhile Malabar district, of which the present Kozhikode district formed a part, holds a high rank among the districts of Madras Presidency in secondary education.

Primary Education


Kerala Primary education starts with pre-primary institutions just like Anganvadis and play schools where it is the basic stage in schooling. Primary school is further divided Lower primary (LP)[classes I - IV] and into Upper Primary (U P)[Classes V – VII]. The pattern of primary education is essentially the same all over the state. Each school is affiliated with either the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Kerala State Education Board or the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). English is the language of instruction in most private schools, while government run schools offer English or Malayalam as the medium of instruction.

Higher Education



Kozhikode is home to two premier educational institutions of national importance- the Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode
Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode
The Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode is one of the 13 Indian Institutes of Management set up by the Government of India. The Institute founded in 1996 in collaboration with the State Government of Kerala was the 5th IIM to be established....

 (IIMK), and the National Institute of Technology, Calicut (NITC). The IIMK
Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode
The Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode is one of the 13 Indian Institutes of Management set up by the Government of India. The Institute founded in 1996 in collaboration with the State Government of Kerala was the 5th IIM to be established....

 is an institution with university status.

The NITC was formerly known as Calicut Regional Engineering College (CREC). CREC was born in September 1961 as the ninth of its kind and the first one to be established during the Third Five Year Plan period. It become a Deemed University under the name National Institute of Technology Calicut in June 2002. NITC is located about 22 kilometers north - east of Calicut City.

The University of Calicut
University of Calicut
The University of Calicut is an affiliating university in the southern state of Kerala in India. It is situated in Thenjipalam, in the district of Malappuram with a number of off-campus centres in neighbouring districts. The University conducts courses and examinations for the students of the...

 the main university named after the city, is located at Thenjipalam
Thenjipalam
Tenhipalam is a panchayat in Tirurangadi Taluk in Malappuram district of Kerala in India. The population was 27,273 at the 2001 with 13,293 males and 13,980 females. Indian census. Tenhipalam is known after University of Calicut, which is the first university in Malabar region. The university is...

, about 24 km south of Kozhikode city, in the district of Malappuram
Malappuram
Malappuram is a municipality in the South Indian state of Kerala, spread over an area of 33.61 km2. It serves as the administrative headquarters of Malappuram district. As per the 2011 census Malappuram urban agglomeration is the fourth largest UA in kerala with a total population of...

. This university established in 1968 was the second university to be set up in Kerala. Most of the colleges offering tertiary education
Tertiary education
Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage, third level, and post-secondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education, such as a high school, secondary school, university-preparatory school...

 are affiliated with this university.
The Calicut Medical College
Calicut Medical College
Calicut Medical College is a premier medical college located in the city of Kozhikode in Kerala, India. It was established in 1957 as the second medical college in the Kerala. Since then the institution has grown into a premier centre of medical education in the state...

 was established in 1957 as the second Medical College in Kerala. Since then ,the institution has grown into a premier center of Medical Education in the state. Presently it is the largest medical institute in the state with an yearly intake of 250 candidates for the undergraduate program.

Some of the other major institutes in Kozhikode are the (CUIET)
Calicut University Institute of Engineering and Technology
Calicut University Institute of Engineering and Technology is located in Tenhipalam, Malappuram district, Kerala, India. It was established in 2001-2002 and is managed by and affiliated to the University of Calicut...

, Government Engineering College (GEC), Malabar Christian College
Malabar Christian College
The Malabar Christian College or MCC, Calicut is one of the oldest and renowned co-ed institutions in Calicut, Kerala, India. It was established in the year 1909 by Protestant Christian missionaries from Basel, Switzerland with the aim to impart education to the youth in Malabar region without...

, Zamorin's Guruvayurappan College
Zamorin's Guruvayurappan College
The Zamorin's Guruvayurappan College is a private college in Kozhikode, Kerala offering graduation and post-graduation courses. It is affiliated to the University of Calicut. The original institution was founded by the Zamorin of Calicut, H.H.Sri.Manavikraman Maharaja Bahadur, as an English school...

, St. Joseph's College, Devagiri
St. Joseph's College, Devagiri
St. Joseph's College, popularly known as Devagiri College, is a college in Calicut, Kerala State, India offering graduation and post-graduation courses in arts and science. Students and alumni of the college are termed ‘Devagirians’...

, Farook College
Farook College, Calicut
Farook College is a center of higher education in Kozhikode, a district of Kerala, India. Its creation marked a breakthrough in the renaissance of Kerala Muslims.- The beginning :...

, Government Arts and Science College, Providence Women's College, Government Homeopathic Medical College
Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Calicut
Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Calicut was the first Graduate Homoeopathic medical college in Asia. It is affiliated with the medical college of the University of Calicut. The facility also includes an on-site hospital.- History :...

, Government Law College
Government Law College Calicut
The Government Law College, Calicut situated in outskirts of Calicut City is owned by the Government of Kerala and affiliated to University of Calicut. The College caters to the needs of the entire north Malabar region of Kerala. At present the cream of students selected through a state level...

, Government College of Teacher Education, Kerala School of Mathematics
Kerala School of Mathematics, Kozhikode
The Kerala School of Mathematics, Kozhikode is an institute founded in November 2002 by the Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment together with the National Board for Higher Mathematics and the Department of Atomic Energy .The School is located at the Centre for ...

, DOEACC
DOEACC
The Department of Electronics and Accreditation of Computer Courses is an autonomous scientific society under the Indian Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, and is involved in training, consulting, product development, entrepreneurship and human resource development in...

 Calicut, formerly known as CEDTI etc.

Research institutes


There are a few research institutes located in or around the city. These include the Indian Institute of Spices Research (IISR), the Centre for Water Resources Development and Management (CWRDM), Western Ghats Field Research Station (Zoological Survey of India
Zoological Survey of India
The Zoological Survey of India is a premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies. It was established on 1 July 1916 to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in the region...

) and the Regional Filaria Training and Research Centre (a centre of the National Institute of Communicable Diseases
National Institute of Communicable Diseases
The National Institute of Communicable Diseases is situated in New Delhi.It was established on 30 July 1963, by Government of India to expand and reorganize the activities of the Malaria Institute of India...

, Centre for Mathematics.

Social Organizations


Neighborhood Groups (NHG), Area Development Societies (ADS) and Community Development Societies, the three tier Community Based Organizations evolved under Kudumbashree is emerging as a strong social capital structure having crucial say on the design and development of programs for the poor. There are 44 ADS and 700 NHG’s in the city. There are also resident welfare associations in Kozhikode, which focus on household problems. There is a Federation of Residents Association (FRAT) representing these associations. There are also consumer groups and citizens groups, which create a civic conscious for the social and cultural development of city.

Sports



Calicut is knoewn as second Mecca of football lovers in the country (first being Calcutta). The other most popular games in Calicut are cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

, Basketball
Basketball
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

, badminton
Badminton
Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players or two opposing pairs , who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their...

 and volleyball
Volleyball
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules.The complete rules are extensive...

.

The E. M. S Stadium hosted many international football matches of major football teams in the past. Calicut is considered as an important name in the football history of the country. The city also gave birth to many international footballers. The seven a side form of football is also very famous in the city.

Sports & Education Promotion Trust (SEPT) was established to promote sports development in India with focus on football. Started in 2004 and based in Calicut, the trust has set up 22 centres called "football nurseries" spread across seven districts in Kerala.

One of the famous was Olympian Abdurahman who played for the nation in many international games including Melbourne olympic games. K.P.Sethu Madhavan, Prem nath Philip, Sudheer etc. are some international footballers from Kozhikode. Jaseel P Ismayil, V.Diju and Aparna Balan are three international badminton players from the city. P.T. Usha from Payyoli is an international athlete with many medals in Asian and international meets.

See also

  • Mananchira Square
  • Sarovaram
    Sarovaram
    Sarovaram is an eco-friendly development near the city of Kozhikode in the southern Indian state of Kerala, situated adjacent to Canoly Canal. The project has been developed with an eco-friendly theme and is located in an ecosystem consisting of wetlands and mangrove forests containing bird habitats...

  • Kozhikode (Lok Sabha constituency)
    Kozhikode (Lok Sabha constituency)
    -Assembly segments:Kozhikode Lok Sabha constituency is composed of the following assembly segments:#Balusseri#Koduvally#Kozhikode North#Kozhikode South#Beypore#Kunnamangalam#Elathur...

  • List of people from Kozhikode
  • Thiruvambady

External links