Khan of Kalat

Khan of Kalat

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Khan of Kalat or Khan-e-Qalat is the title of former rulers of State of Kalat. Kalat state is now part of Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

, Pakistan. The rulers in Kalat were always subject to the political authority of a larger state, after the Mongol
Turco-Mongol
Turko-Mongol is a modern designation for various nomads who were subjects of the Mongol Empire. Being progressively Turkicized in terms of language and identity following the Mongol conquests, they derived their ethnic and cultural origins from steppes of Central Asia...

 invasion they were subject to the Mughal emperors
Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire ,‎ or Mogul Empire in traditional English usage, was an imperial power from the Indian Subcontinent. The Mughal emperors were descendants of the Timurids...

 in Delhi
Delhi
Delhi , officially National Capital Territory of Delhi , is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest by population in India, next to Mumbai. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the world by population with 16,753,265 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census...

, then to the rulers in Kandahar
Kandahar
Kandahar is the second largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 512,200 as of 2011. It is the capital of Kandahar Province, located in the south of the country at about 1,005 m above sea level...

, after 1839 to the British, and finally to the Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

 government.

The rulers of Kalat held the title of Vali
Wali
Walī , is an Arabic word meaning "custodian", "protector", "sponsor", or authority as denoted by its definition "crown". "Wali" is someone who has "Walayah" over somebody else. For example, in Fiqh the father is wali of his children. In Islam, the phrase ولي الله walīyu 'llāh...

 originally but in 1739 also took the title (Begler Begi) Khan
Khan (title)
Khan is an originally Altaic and subsequently Central Asian title for a sovereign or military ruler, widely used by medieval nomadic Turko-Mongol tribes living to the north of China. 'Khan' is also seen as a title in the Xianbei confederation for their chief between 283 and 289...

 usually shortened to Khan. The last Khan of Kalat had the privilege of being the President of the Council of Rulers for the Baluchistan States Union.

History


The Khans of Kalat were founded by a Brahui
Brahui people
The Brahui or Brohi are ethnic Baloch group of about 2.2 million people with the majority found in Kalat, Baluchistan, Pakistan, but they are also found in smaller numbers in neighboring Afghanistan and Iran. The Brahuis are almost entirely Sunni Muslims.-Origins:The ethnonym "Brahui" is a very...

 hill chieftain named Kumbar (or Kambur). His tribe was hired by Sehwa, the Raja of Kalat, a Hindu
Hindustan
Hindustan or Indostan, literal translation "Land of River Sindhu ", is one of the popular names of South Asia. It can also mean "the land of the Hindus"...

 princely state
Princely state
A Princely State was a nominally sovereign entitity of British rule in India that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by an Indian ruler under a form of indirect rule such as suzerainty or paramountcy.-British relationship with the Princely States:India under the British Raj ...

, to protect against marauding tribes from the Multan
Multan District
Multan District is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan it had a population of 3,116,851 of which 41.64% were urban. Its capital is the city of Multan....

, Shikarpur
Shikarpur District
Shikarpur district is a district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The city of Shikarpur is the capital. It is spread over an area of 2,512 km2, according to the 1998 census of Pakistan it had a population of 880,438 of which 23.51% were urban....

 and Upper Sind
Upper Sind Frontier District
Upper Sind Frontier District was a district of the Bombay Presidency during British Rule. The district was the northernmost portion of Sind and lay between 27°56' and 28° 27' N. and 68° and 69° 44' E., with an area of...

 areas. Kumbar and his troops successfully repressed the incursion, but afterward, they deposed the raja and Kumbar became the first Vali.
Tenure Khan of Kalat
1666–1667 Mir Ahmad I
Mir Ahmad I
Mir Ahmad I was the first Khan of the princely state of Kalat in what is now the Balochistan province of Pakistan. He became ruler in 1666-7.-References:...

1695–1696 Mir Mehrab
Mir Mehrab
Mir Mehrab was the second Khan of the princely state of Kalat in what is now the Balochistan province of Pakistan.-References:...

1697–1713 Samandar Khan
Samandar Khan
Samandar Khan was a Khan of the princely state of Kalat in what is now the Balochistan province of Pakistan during the seventeenth century.-References:...

1713–1714 Mir Ahmad II
Mir Ahmad II
Mir Ahmad II was the Khan of the princely state of Kalat in what is now the Balochistan province of Pakistan during the eighteenth century.-References:...

1715–1730 Mir Abdullah
Mir Abdullah
Mir Abdullah was the Khan of the princely state of Kalat in what is now the Balochistan province of Pakistan during the eighteenth century.-References:...

1730–1749 Mir Muhabbat
Mir Muhabbat
Mir Muhabbat was the Khan of the princely state of Kalat in what is now the Balochistan province of Pakistan during the eighteenth century.-References:...

1749–1794 Muhammad Nasir Khan I, son of Abdullah
1794–1831 Mahmud Khan I
1831 – 13 November 1839 Mehrab Khan II
1839–1840 Shah Nawaz Khan
Shah Nawaz Khan
Shah Nawaz Khan may refer to:* Shah Nawaz Khan , Pakistani judge* Shah Nawaz Khan , Indian army officer and politician* Shah Nawaz Khan , representative from Ghazni to the Meshrano Jirga...

1840–1857 Nasir Khan II, son of Nasir Khan I
1857 – March 1863 Khudadad Khan
Khudadad Khan (Kalat)
Khudadad Khan was the Khan of the princely state of Kalat in what is now the Balochistan province of Pakistan from 1857 to March 1863 and May 1864 to 15 August 1893...

 (1st time) during his period of rule, there were seven major and many minor rebellion took place.
March 1863 – May 1864 Sherdil Khan (usurped throne)
May 1864 – 15 August 1893 Khudadad Khan (2nd time)
10 November 1893 – 3 November 1931 Mahmud Khan II
3 November 1931 – 10 September 1933 Mohammad Azam Jan Khan
10 September 1933 – 14 October 1955 Ahmad Yar Khan (1st time)
20 June 1958 – 1958 Ahmad Yar Khan (2nd time)(in rebellion)
14 October 1955 State of Kalat acceded to Pakistan

See also

  • Mir Suleman Dawood Khan
    Mir Suleman Dawood Khan
    Mir Suleman Daud Khan , age 47, is the 35th Leader of the defunct Kalat Royal Family. He is the former ruler of Pakistani Province Balochistan...

     – the current Khan
  • Balochistan
    Balochistan (Pakistan)
    Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

  • Kalat (princely state)
  • Kalat (Pakistan)
  • Abbasi (Khan of Barodi)

External links