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Kalat District

Kalat District

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Kalat or Qalat is a district
Districts of Pakistan
The Districts of Pakistan are the second order administrative divisions of Pakistan. Districts were the third order of administrative divisions, below provinces and "divisions", until the reforms of August 2000, when "divisions" were abolished...

 in Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

, Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. It is one of 26 in that province, and encompasses an area of 6,621 km². The population of the district is estimated to be over 400,000 in 2005. The district is governed from the city of Kalat.

Kalat was notified as a district on February 3, 1954. At that time Khuzdar
Khuzdar
Khuzdar or Khozdar is a town located in Khuzdar District in Balochistan, Pakistan. Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar District, which was created on 1 March 1974...

 and Mastung
Mastung
Mastung may refer to:* Mastung District* Mastung Valley* Mastung, Pakistan...

 districts were sub-divisions of Kalat (which then also included Bolan
Bolan
Bolan may refer to:People*Sihag or Bolan, a gotra of Jat people.Music*Marc Bolan , British musician of T. Rex*Rachel Bolan, of band Skid Row*T-Bolan, Japanese rock bandPlaces...

, Jhal Magsi
Jhal Magsi
Jhal Magsi is a town in Jhal Magsi District, Balochistan, Pakistan.It is the place from where all Magsis belong ,no matter if they're not born there but then also their forefathers must have lived there, not only Magsi tribe used to live there but many major tribes of Balouchistan used to live...

 and Naseerabad
Naseerabad
Naseerabad is one of the neighborhoods of Gulberg Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.There are several ethnic groups in Naseerabad including Muhajirs, Punjabis, Sindhis, Kashmiris, Seraikis, Pakhtuns, Balochis, Memons, Bohras, Ismailis, etc. Over 99% of the population is Muslim...

 (Dera Murad Jamali); these were separated in 1965 as Kachhi
Kachhi
The Kachhi is a geographical region of Punjab, Pakistan. It lies between the Thal Desert and the part of Chenab which flows after its confluence with the Jhelum River at Atharan Hazari in Jhang District. Parts of the districts of Muzaffargarh and Layyah form this region....

 District). Khuzdar
Khuzdar
Khuzdar or Khozdar is a town located in Khuzdar District in Balochistan, Pakistan. Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar District, which was created on 1 March 1974...

 became a separate district by notification of 1 March 1974, while Mastung
Mastung
Mastung may refer to:* Mastung District* Mastung Valley* Mastung, Pakistan...

 was announced to be separate district on 18 February 1992. The district draws its name from the ancient city of Kalat. The old name of the district headquarters was Kahan. The current district consists of two sub-divisions, i.e. Kalat and Surab, five tehsils: Kalat Mangochar, Johan, Gazgz, and Surab, 81 patwar circles and 614 mauza (villages).

The climate is arid, hot in summer and cold in winter, with most rainfall occurring in the winter. The terrain is mountainous with several valleys and one main river, mount Harboi
Harboi
Harboi is a mountain range located in the Kalat District of Balochistan, Pakistan. It is located at 29°3'0N 66°43'0 E and is 9,000 feet high and unlike most of the mountains in the area, which are black and barren, the Harboi contains juniper trees and picturesque scenery....

 in Kalat is known for Juniper
Juniper
Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, there are between 50-67 species of juniper, widely distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, from the Arctic, south to tropical Africa in the Old World, and to the...

 old trees, the Moro River. The main economic activities are agriculture and livestock farming.

Administration


The district is administratively subdivided into the following tehsil
Tehsil
A Tehsil or Tahsil/Tahasil , also known as Taluk and Mandal, is an administrative division of some country/countries of South Asia....

s:
  • Kalat
  • Surab
    Surab
    Surab may refer to:*Sirab, village and municipality of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan.*Surab, Pakistan, town in Balochistan, Pakistan...


Population


According to the census of 1995, 89% of the population speak the Brahui language and 5% the Balochi language
Balochi language
Balochi is a Northwestern Iranian language. It is the principal language of the Baloch of Balochistan, Pakistan, eastern Iran and southern Afghanistan. It is also spoken as a second language by some Brahui. It is designated as one of nine official languages of Pakistan.-Vowels:The Balochi vowel...

; presumably, this refers to the proportions of the population that name the said language as their native tongue. Over 98% of the population is Muslim
Muslim
A Muslim, also spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad. "Muslim" is the Arabic term for "submitter" .Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable...

. There is a small Zikri
Zikri
The Zikris are a branch of Islam settled in Balochistan region of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan. They are followers of Imam e Akhar Zama . The name Zikri comes from the Arabic word dhikr . The Zikri sect developed within Sunni Hanafi during the 18th century Mahdi movement as a reaction to British...

 minority. The major Brahui
Baloch people
The Baloch or Baluch are an ethnic group that belong to the larger Iranian peoples. Baluch people mainly inhabit the Balochistan region and Sistan and Baluchestan Province in the southeast corner of the Iranian plateau in Western Asia....

 tribes of the district are Qambarani, Qalandrani, Kheazai
Kheazai
Kheazai are a Baloch tribe in Balochistan and Sindh province and Iran. It is a sub-tribe of the Muhammad Hasni tribe. The Kheazai are divided into many clans, the major ones include Jangizai, Yousafzai, Kandozai, Bijarzai, Muhammad zai, Phwalwnzai, Jangohoi, Umerzai, Lashkarzai, Khandozai, and...

, Dehwar
Dehwar
Dehwar is a name of Baloch tribe in Balochistan. The tribe is settled primarily in Kalat, Khuzdar, Kharan, Noshkey, Sarlath, Dalbandin, and Mastung. The principal clans into which the tribe is divided are the Yusufzai dodaki Sanjarzai and Khwajakhail...

, Mengal
Mengal
Mengal is a Brahui / Baloch tribe in Balochistan, Pakistan- Demographics :The Mengal tribe is one of the largest Baloch tribe. Mengal people speak Brahui, a Dravidian language that has been heavily influenced by other Iranian languages spoken in the area, especially Balochi...

, Zehri
Zehri
Zehri is a Brahui speaking Baloch tribe in Balochistan, Pakistan.-Distribution:The tribe is spread throughout Sindh and Balochistan and speak Brahui and Balochi as native languages. The Zehri tribe is a Brahui speaking Baloch tribe mainly living in the Jhalawan region of the province of...

,Nausherwani.

See also

  • City of Kalat Qalandrani tribe is also present in a lot of numbers
  • Kalat Khanate
  • Kalat County
    Kalat County
    Kalat County is a shahrestan in Razavi Khorasan Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Kalat. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 39,560, in 9,489 families. The County has two districts: Central District and Zavin District...

     in Iran
  • Village of Sra Dhaka
    Sra Dhaka
    Sra Dhaka is a village in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is located at 30°28'0N 69°31'60E with an altitude of 1353 meters ....

  • Thook/Sakhi Ramdan