Jermyn Street

Jermyn Street

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Jermyn Street is a street in the City of Westminster
City of Westminster
The City of Westminster is a London borough occupying much of the central area of London, England, including most of the West End. It is located to the west of and adjoining the ancient City of London, directly to the east of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, and its southern boundary...

, central London
Central London
Central London is the innermost part of London, England. There is no official or commonly accepted definition of its area, but its characteristics are understood to include a high density built environment, high land values, an elevated daytime population and a concentration of regionally,...

, to the south, parallel and adjacent to Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Piccadilly is a major street in central London, running from Hyde Park Corner in the west to Piccadilly Circus in the east. It is completely within the city of Westminster. The street is part of the A4 road, London's second most important western artery. St...

.

It is well known as a street where the shops are almost exclusively aimed at the Gentleman
Gentleman
The term gentleman , in its original and strict signification, denoted a well-educated man of good family and distinction, analogous to the Latin generosus...

's market and is famous for its resident shirtmakers (such as Turnbull & Asser
Turnbull & Asser
Turnbull & Asser is a British clothier established in 1885. In addition to its flagship store on Jermyn Street in London, England it also has two United States locations, one in New York City and one in Beverly Hills, California....

, Charles Tyrwhitt
Charles Tyrwhitt
Charles Tyrwhitt is a British multi-channel retailer selling men's and women's shirts and other clothing.Charles Tyrwhitt was founded as a mail order company in 1986 by Nicholas Charles Tyrwhitt Wheeler while he was a student at Bristol University. In 1997, the company opened its first store in...

, Thomas Pink
Thomas Pink
Thomas Pink is a retail clothing business started in London in 1984, by three Irish brothers James, Peter and John Mullen. The company was named for an 18th century London tailor who was known for making much sought-after red hunting jackets....

, T.M. Lewin, Duchamp London and Hawes & Curtis); Gentleman's outfitters (Hackett and Harvie & Hudson); Shoe & Bootmakers (John Lobb
John Lobb Bootmaker
John Lobb Bootmaker is a company that manufactures and retails a very exclusive luxury brand of shoes and boots mainly for men, but also for women. It is based near St James's Palace, at 9 St James's Street, London...

 and Foster & Son); Barbers (Geo. F Trumper
Geo. F Trumper
Geo. F. Trumper is a gentleman's barbers and perfumers in London. It was established in the late 19th century by Mr George Trumper, operating from a shop at 9 Curzon Street in Mayfair...

 and Taylors of Old Bond Street); Cigar shops
Cigar bar
-History:While cigar bars have been around for years, interest in them developed in the 1990s when cities and government entities began instituting smoking bans but provided exceptions for establishments that catered to smokers.-Features:...

 (Davidoff
Davidoff
Davidoff is a Swiss luxury tobacco goods brand name, which is carried by a range of products including cigars, cigarettes and pipe tobaccos. Its cigarette brand is currently owned by Imperial Tobacco but the company is otherwise independently owned....

 and Dunhill), Tramp
Tramp (nightclub)
Tramp is a private, members-only nightclub located on Jermyn Street in central London, England. Founded in 1969 by Johnny Gold with business partner Oscar Lerman, and Bill Ofner Tramp is considered to be one of the most exclusive member's clubs in the world and is a regular haunt for...

 nightclub and the 70-seat Jermyn Street Theatre
Jermyn Street Theatre
Jermyn Street Theatre is a performance venue situated in Jermyn Street, London.Formerly a restaurant, under the leadership of Howard Jameson, it was transformed into a 70-seat studio theatre right in the heart of London's West End...

.

History


Jermyn Street was created by and named after Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans
Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans
Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of Saint Albans KG was an English politician and courtier. He sat in the in the House of Commons at various times between 1625 and 1643 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Jermyn...

, as part of his development of the St. James's
St. James's
St James's is an area of central London in the City of Westminster. It is bounded to the north by Piccadilly, to the west by Green Park, to the south by The Mall and St. James's Park and to the east by The Haymarket.-History:...

 area around the year 1664. The Duke of Marlborough
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Prince of Mindelheim, KG, PC , was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs through the late 17th and early 18th centuries...

 lived there when he was Colonel Churchill, as did Sir Isaac Newton (during his time working in London as Warden
Warden of the Mint
The Warden of the Mint was in principle the highest ranking officer of the Royal Mint of Great Britain, having oversight over its operations and physical plant by virtue of a royal warrant. The office received a yearly emolument of £500. Technically subordinate to the Warden was the Master of the...

 of the Royal Mint
Royal Mint
The Royal Mint is the body permitted to manufacture, or mint, coins in the United Kingdom. The Mint originated over 1,100 years ago, but since 2009 it operates as Royal Mint Ltd, a company which has an exclusive contract with HM Treasury to supply all coinage for the UK...

), the mid-eighteenth century highwayman
Highwayman
A highwayman was a thief and brigand who preyed on travellers. This type of outlaw, usually, travelled and robbed by horse, as compared to a footpad who traveled and robbed on foot. Mounted robbers were widely considered to be socially superior to footpads...

 and apothecary
Apothecary
Apothecary is a historical name for a medical professional who formulates and dispenses materia medica to physicians, surgeons and patients — a role now served by a pharmacist and some caregivers....

 William Plunkett
William Plunkett (highwayman)
William Plunkett was a highwayman and accomplice of the famed "Gentleman Highwayman," James MacLaine.Plunkett lived during the mid-eighteenth century in London, on Jermyn Street, and was said to have been an apothecary who was also presumed to be a gentleman...

, the Duchess of Richmond and Lennox
Frances Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox
Frances Teresa Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox was a prominent member of the Court of the Restoration and famous for refusing to become a mistress of Charles II...

, the Countess of Northumberland and the artist Sherwin (in whose rooms in 1782 the great actress Mrs Siddons sat for him for her portrait as the Tragic Muse).

The Gun Tavern was one of the great resorts for foreigners of revolutionary tastes during the end of the eighteenth century, whilst Grenier's Hotel was patronised by French Refugees. At the Brunswick Hotel, Louis Napoleon took up his residence under the assumed name of Count D'Arenberg on his escape from captivity in the fortress of Ham
Château de Ham
The Château de Ham is a castle in the commune of Ham in the Somme département in Picardy, France.- History :...

. 20th century residents include the 1930s "Big Band
Big band
A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with jazz and the Swing Era typically consisting of rhythm, brass, and woodwind instruments totaling approximately twelve to twenty-five musicians...

" singer Al Bowlly
Al Bowlly
Albert Allick Bowlly was a Southern-African singer, songwriter, composer and band leader, who became a popular Jazz crooner during the 1930s in the United Kingdom and later, in the United States of America. He recorded more than 1,000 records between 1927 and 1941...

 (killed in his flat on the street by a parachute mine
Parachute mine
A parachute mine is a parachute naval mine dropped from an aircraft. They were mostly used in World War II by the Luftwaffe and initially by the Royal Air Force Bomber Command.-Blast effects:...

 during the Blitz
The Blitz
The Blitz was the sustained strategic bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 7 September 1940 and 10 May 1941, during the Second World War. The city of London was bombed by the Luftwaffe for 76 consecutive nights and many towns and cities across the country followed...

 of 1941).

Though he did not live on the street, a statue of Beau Brummell
Beau Brummell
Beau Brummell, born as George Bryan Brummell , was the arbiter of men's fashion in Regency England and a friend of the Prince Regent, the future King George IV...

 stands on Jermyn Street at the junction with the Piccadilly Arcade
Piccadilly Arcade
The Piccadilly Arcade runs between Piccadilly and Jermyn Street in central London. It was opened in 1909, having been designed by Thrale Jell....

, as embodying its elegant clothing values. Aleister Crowley
Aleister Crowley
Aleister Crowley , born Edward Alexander Crowley, and also known as both Frater Perdurabo and The Great Beast, was an influential English occultist, astrologer, mystic and ceremonial magician, responsible for founding the religious philosophy of Thelema. He was also successful in various other...

 lived in number 93.

Shirtmaking


Jermyn Street shops selling both shirts and other gentlemen's apparel, such as hats, shoes, shaving brushes
Shave brush
The term shave brush or shaving brush refers to a small brush with a handle parallel to the bristles used to apply shaving soap or shaving cream to the face when shaving. They are often decorative; the handle is sometimes made from fine materials such as ivory or even gold, though the bristle load...

, colognes
Eau de Cologne
Eau de Cologne or simply Cologne is a toiletry, a perfume in a style that originated from Cologne, Germany. It is nowadays a generic term for scented formulations in typical concentration of 2-5% essential oils. However as of today cologne is a blend of extracts, alcohol, and water...

, braces
Suspenders
Suspenders or braces are fabric or leather straps worn over the shoulders to hold up trousers. Straps may be elasticated, either entirely or only at attachment ends and most straps are of woven cloth forming an X or Y shape at the back. Braces are typically attached to trousers with buttons...

 and shirt collar stiffeners.

Many tailors owned and still own the houses along the street and often rented out rooms to people. No. 22
22 Jermyn Street
22 Jermyn Street is a former luxury hotel in London, England. It is located in St James's in the centre of London's West End, 75 yards from Piccadilly Circus.-History:...

, for instance was once owned by Italian silk merchant, Cesare Salvucci and a military tailor who rented rooms out to people such as banker Theodore Rothschild.

List of resident shirtmakers


However, the vast majority of shirts labelled 'Jermyn Street' are now manufactured elsewhere, often in low-cost Far Eastern countries, which is rarely indicated on the label.

Bespoke
Bespoke
Bespoke is a term employed in a variety of applications to mean an item custom-made to the buyer's specification...

, made-to-measure and ready-to-wear shirts:
  • Emmett London
    Emmett London
    Emmett London is a Jermyn Street shirt-makers founded by tailor Robert Emmett in 1992. Emmett London's first store opened on the Kings Road in 1992, since then it has opened stores on Eldon Street, City of London and Jermyn Street, West End in 2002 and 2006 respectively...

     (No. 112)
  • New & Lingwood (No. 53) All shirts manufactured in China
  • Turnbull & Asser
    Turnbull & Asser
    Turnbull & Asser is a British clothier established in 1885. In addition to its flagship store on Jermyn Street in London, England it also has two United States locations, one in New York City and one in Beverly Hills, California....

     (No. 71) All shirts are manufactured in the UK
  • Hilditch & Key (Nos. 37 & 73) Ready-to-wear shirts are made in their factory in Glenrothes, Scotland
  • Harvie & Hudson (Nos. 77, 96 & 97)

Made-to-measure and ready-to-wear shirts:
  • Thomas Pink
    Thomas Pink
    Thomas Pink is a retail clothing business started in London in 1984, by three Irish brothers James, Peter and John Mullen. The company was named for an 18th century London tailor who was known for making much sought-after red hunting jackets....

     (No. 85) Some shirts are made in Ireland.
  • Charles Tyrwhitt
    Charles Tyrwhitt
    Charles Tyrwhitt is a British multi-channel retailer selling men's and women's shirts and other clothing.Charles Tyrwhitt was founded as a mail order company in 1986 by Nicholas Charles Tyrwhitt Wheeler while he was a student at Bristol University. In 1997, the company opened its first store in...

     (No. 100) All shirts are imported.

Ready to Wear shirts:
  • Duchamp (No. 68)
  • Hawes & Curtis (Nos. 82 & 23) All shirts are imported.
  • Hackett (No. 87) Many items are UK-made.
  • T.M.Lewin (No. 106) All shirts are imported.
  • Roderick Charles (No. 90)
  • DAKS (No. 101)


There are also a number of retailers offering wider ranges of clothing and accessories, in addition to their selection of ready-to-wear shirts. These include Alfred Dunhill (No.48), Daks (No.101), John Bray (No.79), and Favourbrook (No.55).

Shoe shops

  • John Lobb (No. 88) this is the ready-to-wear and made-to-measure division owned by Hermès
    Hermès
    Hermès International S.A., or simply Hermès is a French high fashion house established in 1837, today specializing in leather, lifestyle accessories, perfumery, luxury goods, and ready-to-wear...

    , not to be confused with John Lobb bespoke shoe-makers at 9 St. James's Street
  • WS Foster & Son (No. 83) also home of sister company, Maxwell Henry
  • Edward Green Shoes
    Edward Green Shoes
    Edward Green is an exclusive English shoemaker founded in 1890. Edward Green is based in Northampton, England. The level of handwork involved in production is very high and around 250 pairs of shoes are completed a week....

     (No. 75)
  • Crockett & Jones (No. 69)
  • Church's
    Church's
    Church’s is a high-end English footwear manufacturer founded in 1873 by Thomas Church and his three sons.Over time, the little family business grew into a corporation currently employing nearly 700 people....

     (Nos. 108 & 110)
  • Tricker's (No. 67)
  • Barker Shoes (No. 38)

Other shops


As well as shirtmakers, Jermyn Street is home to other famous retailers including:
  • Abracadabra Restaurant - Russian restaurant owned by millionaire entrepreneur Dave West
    Dave West (entrepreneur)
    Dave West is a British entrepreneur. He started off his working life as a market trader barrow boy in the East End of London. West built a family tobacco business in Belgium with his wife and children. In the 1980s Dave founded a wholesale business on a double decker bus in Calais selling cheap...

     (No. 91)
  • Beretta
    Beretta
    Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta is an Italian firearms manufacturer. Their firearms are used worldwide for a variety of civilian, law enforcement, and military purposes. It is also known for manufacturing shooting clothes and accessories. Beretta is the oldest active firearms manufacturer in the...

     - Gunmaker since 1526 and suppliers of hunting and competition guns, clothing and accessories (corner of Jermyn St and St. James's)
  • Bates - Makers of Gentlemen's hats and caps (No. 73, previously 21a)
  • Czech & Speake - Bathrooms & aromatics (No. 39c)
  • Floris
    Floris of London
    thumb|Floris of London|right Floris is an English retailer of toiletries and accessories.Floris was founded in 1730 by Juan Famenias Floris, who arrived in England from his native island of Menorca to seek fortune. Shortly after his arrival, in 1730, he secured premises in Jermyn Street, in the...

     - Perfumes, bath essences, toilet waters and soap (No. 89)
  • Forbidden London
    Forbidden London
    Forbidden London or Forbidden London Clubs, as it is commonly known, is a public relations company based on Jermyn Street in the London district of St James's.-History:...

     - PR and concierge company owned by political activist and entrepreneurs James WJ Wilson and Dave West
    Dave West (entrepreneur)
    Dave West is a British entrepreneur. He started off his working life as a market trader barrow boy in the East End of London. West built a family tobacco business in Belgium with his wife and children. In the 1980s Dave founded a wholesale business on a double decker bus in Calais selling cheap...

     (No. 91b)
  • Geo.F. Trumper
    Geo. F Trumper
    Geo. F. Trumper is a gentleman's barbers and perfumers in London. It was established in the late 19th century by Mr George Trumper, operating from a shop at 9 Curzon Street in Mayfair...

     - Gentleman's barbers (No. 20)
  • Paxton & Whitfield - Cheeses & fine foods (No. 93)
  • Rowley's - Restaurant (No. 113)
  • Taylor of Old Bond Street - Men's shaving and skin products (No. 74)


The entrance of the Cavendish Hotel is also on Jermyn Street.

See also

  • Savile Row
    Savile Row
    Savile Row is a shopping street in Mayfair, central London, famous for its traditional men's bespoke tailoring. The term "bespoke" is understood to have originated in Savile Row when cloth for a suit was said to "be spoken for" by individual customers...

     - the London street famous for making bespoke suits
  • Fleet Street
    Fleet Street
    Fleet Street is a street in central London, United Kingdom, named after the River Fleet, a stream that now flows underground. It was the home of the British press until the 1980s...

     - the London street famous for its newspapers and media
  • List of eponymous roads in London

External links


Cavendish Hotel London