Har Hotzvim

Har Hotzvim

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Har Hotzvim , also Campus of Science-Rich Industries is a high-tech industrial park located in northwest Jerusalem, Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

. It is the city's main zone for science-based and technology industries, among them Intel, Teva
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. , is an international pharmaceutical company headquartered in Petah Tikva, Israel. It specializes in generic and proprietary pharmaceuticals and active pharmaceutical ingredients...

, Amdocs
Amdocs
Amdocs Limited is a provider of software and services for billing, customer relationship management , operations support systems...

, NDS
NDS Group
NDS Group Plc. is a developer of pay TV technology. NDS was established in 1988 as an Israeli start up company. It was acquired by News Corporation in 1992. The company is currently headquartered in Staines, United Kingdom...

, Ophir Optronics
Ophir Optronics
Ophir Optronics is a multinational company which sells optronics solutions. The company develops, manufactures and markets infrared optics and laser measurement equipment....

, Sandvine
Sandvine
Sandvine Incorporated , in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.Sandvine network policy control products are designed to implement broad network policies, ranging from service creation, billing, congestion management, and security...

, Radware
Radware
Radware , is a provider of integrated Application delivery, Network Security and Load balancing solutions based in Tel Aviv, Israel. Radware, which is a member of the Rad Group of companies, is a public company and its shares are traded on NASDAQ.- History :...

 and IDT Global Israel
IDT Global Israel
IDT Global Israel is a multi-lingual contact services company headquartered in Jerusalem, Israel.Until July 1, 2008, it was a fully owned subsidiary of IDT Corp.; on that date, 80% of the company was sold to its Israeli CEO, Eli Ninio, with 20% remaining in the hands of Howard Jonas' IDT...

. In addition to large companies, the park also hosts about 100 small and medium-sized high-tech companies, as well as a technological incubator. In 2011, Har Hotzvim provided employment for 10,000 people.

History


The park was founded in the early 1970 by the Jerusalem Economic Corporation, in order to facilitate the development of a High tech
High tech
High tech is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology currently available. It is often used in reference to micro-electronics, rather than other technologies. The adjective form is hyphenated: high-tech or high-technology...

 industry in Jerusalem. At the time the location was at the edge of the built up area
Built up area
In the UK Highway Code, a built-up area is a settled area in which the speed limit of a road is automatically 30 mph . These roads are known as 'restricted roads' and are identified by the presence of street lights.- Legal definition :...

 area of the city, but over the years several major roads were built and accessibility to the site was improved; including: the Begin Expressway
Begin Expressway
Route 404, usually referred to as Menachem Begin Expressway is an urban freeway in western Jerusalem named after sixth Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. Local Jerusalemites simply refer to it as 'Begin'...

 to the west of the park and Route 9
Highway 1 (Israel)
Highway 1 , is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv with Jerusalem.-History:The section between Latrun and Jerusalem roughly follows an ancient path connecting Jaffa and Jerusalem...

 north of the park. One of the first tenants in the park was Luz Industries an early pioneer of Solar thermal energy
Solar thermal energy
Solar thermal energy is a technology for harnessing solar energy for thermal energy . Solar thermal collectors are classified by the United States Energy Information Administration as low-, medium-, or high-temperature collectors. Low-temperature collectors are flat plates generally used to heat...

, which in 1980's built the world's largest solar energy generating facility SEGS in the Mojave Desert
Mojave Desert
The Mojave Desert occupies a significant portion of southeastern California and smaller parts of central California, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah and northwestern Arizona, in the United States...

..

The first major international corporation to establish a base at Har Hotzvim was Intel, which opened its Fab 8 semiconductor manufacturing plant in 1985.

In the early 1990s, as Jerusalem was awarded the status of a preferred development zone for the high-tech industry, an expansion plan was initiated by the Jerusalem Development Authority. The expansion took place in three stage (known as Har Hotzvim stage b, c and d) and by the mid 2000's most of the available plots have been developed.

In 2005, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. , is an international pharmaceutical company headquartered in Petah Tikva, Israel. It specializes in generic and proprietary pharmaceuticals and active pharmaceutical ingredients...

 opened a new, state-of-the-art pharmaceutical manufacturing plant in Har Hotzvim, at a cost of $80 million. It initially produced about 4 billion tablets a year, rising to 8 billion a year when the second phase of building was completed.

Ultra-Orthodox Jews sabbath protest


In 2008, Intel closed its aging Fab 8 chip plant and started converting the facility to a Die preparation
Die preparation
Die preparation is a step of semiconductor device fabrication during which a wafer is prepared for IC packaging and IC testing. The process of die preparation typically consists of 2 steps: wafer mounting and wafer dicing.-Wafer mounting:...

 plant. The plant was inaugurated in November 2009, and the company planned to operate it on Saturdays in accordance with its business needs, requiring continuous operation of the production line. This has angered the Ultra-Orthodox Jewish
Haredi Judaism
Haredi or Charedi/Chareidi Judaism is the most conservative form of Orthodox Judaism, often referred to as ultra-Orthodox. A follower of Haredi Judaism is called a Haredi ....

 community living in nearby religious neighborhoods that strictly observes the Sabbath laws. For several weeks they gathered every Saturday outside the building, some threw rocks at the building and the police, who was trying to disperse the crowd. Eventually representatives of the ultra-Orthodox community, reached an agreement with Intel to keep the plant open on Saturdays, but allow only non-Jews to work.

In July 2011, a new controversy emerged, when the Ultra-Orthodox United Torah Judaism
United Torah Judaism
United Torah Judaism is an alliance of Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel, two small Israeli Haredi political parties in the Knesset. It was first formed in 1992.The two parties have not always agreed with each other about policy matters...

 party in the Jerusalem city council proposed to shut down the high-tech park and clear the area for new residential development for their community.

Tenants


  • Intel
  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
    Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
    Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. , is an international pharmaceutical company headquartered in Petah Tikva, Israel. It specializes in generic and proprietary pharmaceuticals and active pharmaceutical ingredients...

  • Radware
    Radware
    Radware , is a provider of integrated Application delivery, Network Security and Load balancing solutions based in Tel Aviv, Israel. Radware, which is a member of the Rad Group of companies, is a public company and its shares are traded on NASDAQ.- History :...

  • NDS Group
    NDS Group
    NDS Group Plc. is a developer of pay TV technology. NDS was established in 1988 as an Israeli start up company. It was acquired by News Corporation in 1992. The company is currently headquartered in Staines, United Kingdom...

  • AVX Corporation
    AVX Corporation
    AVX Corporation , a 71 percent owned subsidiary of Kyocera Electronics Corporation, is a manufacturer of electronic components headquartered in Greenville, South Carolina. It is the largest industrial employer in Horry County, South Carolina, with almost 1000 workers in Myrtle Beach and Conway. AVX...

  • MRV Communications
    MRV Communications
    MRV Communications is a communications equipment and services company based in Chatsworth, California. The company, through its business units, is a global provider of optical communications network infrastructure equipment and services to a broad range of telecom concerns, including multinational...

  • Ericom Software
    Ericom Software
    Ericom Software, Inc. , founded in 1993, is located in Closter, New Jersey, and provides software for enterprise-wide application access and application publishing for server-based computing environments, , Microsoft Windows Terminal Services management, Remote Desktop Services management, , Blade...

  • PwC
    PwC
    PricewaterhouseCoopers is a global professional services firm headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is the world's largest professional services firm measured by revenues and one of the "Big Four" accountancy firms....

  • IDT Global Israel
    IDT Global Israel
    IDT Global Israel is a multi-lingual contact services company headquartered in Jerusalem, Israel.Until July 1, 2008, it was a fully owned subsidiary of IDT Corp.; on that date, 80% of the company was sold to its Israeli CEO, Eli Ninio, with 20% remaining in the hands of Howard Jonas' IDT...

  • Sigma-Aldrich
    Sigma-Aldrich
    Sigma-Aldrich Corporation , is a life science and high technology company with over 7,600 employees and operations in 40 countries. Its chemical and biochemical products and kits are used in scientific research, biotechnology, pharmaceutical development, the diagnosis of disease, and as key...

  • Ophir Optronics
    Ophir Optronics
    Ophir Optronics is a multinational company which sells optronics solutions. The company develops, manufactures and markets infrared optics and laser measurement equipment....

  • Mobileye
    Mobileye
    Mobileye is a technology company that focuses on the development of vision-based Advanced Driver Assistance Systems providing warnings for collision prevention and mitigation. Mobileye offers a wide range of driver safety solutions combining artificial vision image processing, multiple...

  • Sandvine
    Sandvine
    Sandvine Incorporated , in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.Sandvine network policy control products are designed to implement broad network policies, ranging from service creation, billing, congestion management, and security...

  • RAD Data Communications
    RAD Data Communications
    RAD Data Communications is a privately held corporation, based in Tel Aviv, Israel, that designs and manufacturers specialized networking equipment.RAD Data Communications is a member of the RAD Group of companies.-History:...

  • Minicom Advanced Systems
    Minicom Advanced Systems
    Minicom Advanced Systems is an information technology manufacturer of KVM switches, extenders and remote access management solutions that facilitate control of corporate IT environments. The company is located in Jerusalem, Israel, and has regional offices in North America, Europe and China...


  • BAE Systems Rokar
    BAE Systems
    BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security and aerospace company headquartered in London, United Kingdom, that has global interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. BAE is among the world's largest military contractors; in 2009 it was the...

  • Ness Technologies
    Ness Technologies
    Ness Technologies is an Israel-based global provider of IT services and solutions.-History:Ness Technologies was established in 1999 in Tel Aviv, Israel. The company provides information technology and business planning services in North America, Europe, the Middle-East, and the Asia Pacific...

  • BrightSource Energy
    BrightSource Energy
    BrightSource Energy is an Oakland, California, corporation that designs, builds, finances and operates utility-scale solar power plants that deliver clean, low-cost solar energy to utility and industrial customers worldwide at prices that compete with fossil fuels.Greentech Media ranked...

  • Solel Solar Systems
  • Digital Fuel
    Digital Fuel
    Digital Fuel is a provider of IT Financial Management SaaS software for planning, billing. The company's headquarters is in San Mateo, California and it's development labs are located in Jerusalem's Har Hotzvim technology park.-History:...

  • Oridion
  • Mango DSP
  • CDI Systems
  • Dexcel Pharma
  • Gamatronic
  • Medinol
  • BioLineRx
    BioLineRx
    BioLineRx , or BioLine, is a publicly traded drug development company that seeks to discover compounds for disease treatment and develop them into commercializable drugs...

  • Brainsway
  • SerVision
  • Viryanet


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