is a county-level city in Zhejiang Province
Zhejiang is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China. The word Zhejiang was the old name of the Qiantang River, which passes through Hangzhou, the provincial capital...
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...
, and under the jurisdiction of Jiaxing
Jiaxing is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province of Eastern China. Lying on the Grand Canal of China, Jiaxing borders Hangzhou to the southwest, Huzhou to the west, Shanghai to the northeast, and the province of Jiangsu to the north....
. It is in the south side of Yangtze River Delta
The Yangtze River Delta, Yangtze Delta or YRD, also called Yangzi, or Chang Jiang Delta, Rive Chang Delta Tai Lake Region or the Golden Triangle of the Yangtze, generally comprises the triangular-shaped territory of Wu-speaking Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province of...
, and in the north of Zhejiang. It is 125 kilometers west of Shanghai
Shanghai is the largest city by population in China and the largest city proper in the world. It is one of the four province-level municipalities in the People's Republic of China, with a total population of over 23 million as of 2010...
, and 61.5 kilometers east of Hangzhou
Hangzhou , formerly transliterated as Hangchow, is the capital and largest city of Zhejiang Province in Eastern China. Governed as a sub-provincial city, and as of 2010, its entire administrative division or prefecture had a registered population of 8.7 million people...
, the capital of the province. To its south lies the Qiantang River
The Qiantang River is a southeast Chinese river that originates in the borders of Anhui and Jiangxi provinces and passes through Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province, before flowing into the East China Sea through Hangzhou Bay....
. The city has a land area of 731.03 sq. kilometers and a population of 640,000. Haining is known for its leather industry and spectacular tide in the Qiantang River.
Haining consists of 4 administrative districts and 8 towns.
- Administrative districts: Xiashi, Haizhou, Haichang, Maqiao;
- Towns: Xuchun, Chang'an, Zhouwangmiao, Yanguan, Xieqiao, Dingqiao, Yuanhua, Huangwan.
In May 1949 Haining was occupied by the Communist Army, and Haining County was formed, which belonged to Jiaxing Region. In June 1949 the county government was relocated to Xiashi Town. In October 1958 Haiyan County was merged into Haining. In December 1961 Haiyan County was re-established. In November 1986 Haining County was elevated to Haining City, under jurisdiction of Jiaxing. In history, Yanguan Town had long served as the seat of county government. During Sino-Japanese War
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. From 1937 to 1941, China fought Japan with some economic help from Germany , the Soviet Union and the United States...
, the county seat was moved to Yuanhua Town and even outside the county. After the war, the county government was formed in Xiashi Town, and was later moved back to Yanguan Town.
Haining has developed as a city well known for its quality leather products. Zhejiang Jinko Solar Co., Ltd., founded in 2006 as a subsidiary of Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...
-invested JinkoSolar Holding Co, Ltd (NYSE Stock Code: JKS), produces solar panel photovoltaic cells and wafers. It employs more than 10,000 professionals in two factories in east China and has offshore offices and warehouse in the United States and Europe, according to the company website (www.jinkosolar.com). On Thursday, 15 September 2011, more than 500 people from Hongxiao Village protested over the large-scale death of fish in a nearby river. Angry protesters stormed the factory compound, overturned eight company vehicles, and destroyed the offices before police came to disperse the crowd. Protests continued on the two following nights with reports of scuffle, officials said. Chen Hongming, a deputy head of Haining's environmental protection bureau, said the factory's waste disposal had failed the pollution tests since April. The environmental watchdog has warned the factory but it had not effectively controlled the pollution, Chen added.
Haining was positioned on the center line of the total solar eclipse on Wednesday, July 22, 2009. For the event, the local weather was mostly cloudy, but substantial viewers were on hand to witness it.
People from Haining
- Gu Kuang (顾况), a poet in Tang Dynasty
- Wang Guowei
Wang Guowei , courtesy name Jing'an or Baiyu , was a Chinese scholar, writer and poet...
(王国维), a prominent scholar of Chinese literature
- Li Shanlan
Li Shanlan was a Chinese mathematician of the Qing Dynasty.A native of Haining, Zhejiang, he was fascinated by mathematics since childhood, beginning with the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art. He eked out a living by being a private tutor for some years before fleeing to Shanghai in 1852 to...
(李善兰), a mathematician in Qing Dynasty
- Jiang Baili
Jiang Baili was a Chinese military trainer.1899, Jiang entered Qiushi Academy in Hangzhou through examination . Afer becoming Xiucai in 1898, Jiang went abroad to study in the Imperial Japanese Army Academy. He graduated with the highest score and was honored a sword by Emperor Shōwa. He joined...
(蔣百里), a politician of the Republic of China
- Xu Zhimo
Xu Zhimo was an early 20th century Chinese poet. He was given the name of Zhangxu and the courtesy name of Yousen . He later changed his courtesy name to Zhimo ....
(徐志摩), modern Chinese poet
- Jin Yong (金庸), an influential modern Chinese-language novelists
- Bao Tong
Bao Tong was former Director of the Office of Political Reform of the CPC Central Committee and the Policy Secretary of Zhao Ziyang, Premier of the State Council, from 1980 to 1985. He was also Director of the Drafting Committee for the CCP 13th Party Congresses, known for its strong support for...
(鮑彤), a politician of the People's Republic of China
- Zhu Junyi (祝均一), disgraced government official