Shanghai is the largest city by population in China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

 and the largest city proper in the world. It is one of the four province-level municipalities in the People's Republic of China, with a total population of over 23 million as of 2010. Following rapid development over the last two decades it has become a leading global city
Global city
A global city is a city that is deemed to be an important node in the global economic system...

, with significant influence in commerce, culture, finance, media, fashion, technology and transport.

1894    Great fire in Shanghai. Over 1,000 buildings are destroyed.

1927    April 12 Incident: Chiang Kai-shek orders the Communist Party of China members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front.

1948    A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.