Damietta

Damietta

Overview
Damietta also known as Damiata, or Domyat, is a port
Harbor
A harbor or harbour , or haven, is a place where ships, boats, and barges can seek shelter from stormy weather, or else are stored for future use. Harbors can be natural or artificial...

 and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt
Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

. It is located at the intersection between the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Anatolia and Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant...

 and the Nile
Nile
The Nile is a major north-flowing river in North Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world. It is long. It runs through the ten countries of Sudan, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Egypt.The Nile has two major...

, about 200 kilometres (124.3 mi) north of Cairo
Cairo
Cairo , is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. Nicknamed "The City of a Thousand Minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life...

.

In Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh...

, the city was known as Tamiat, but it became less important in the Hellenic period after the construction of Alexandria
Alexandria
Alexandria is the second-largest city of Egypt, with a population of 4.1 million, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country; it is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. It is Egypt's largest seaport, serving...

.

The Abbasids used Alexandria
Alexandria
Alexandria is the second-largest city of Egypt, with a population of 4.1 million, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country; it is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. It is Egypt's largest seaport, serving...

, Damietta, Aden
Aden
Aden is a seaport city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea , some 170 kilometres east of Bab-el-Mandeb. Its population is approximately 800,000. Aden's ancient, natural harbour lies in the crater of an extinct volcano which now forms a peninsula, joined to the mainland by a...

 and Siraf
Siraf
Siraf is a city in the Central District of Kangan County, Bushehr Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 3,500, in 722 families....

 as entry ports to India and the Tang Empire
Tang Dynasty
The Tang Dynasty was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. It was founded by the Li family, who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire...

 of China
History of China
Chinese civilization originated in various regional centers along both the Yellow River and the Yangtze River valleys in the Neolithic era, but the Yellow River is said to be the Cradle of Chinese Civilization. With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the world's oldest...

.
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Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
Damietta also known as Damiata, or Domyat, is a port
Harbor
A harbor or harbour , or haven, is a place where ships, boats, and barges can seek shelter from stormy weather, or else are stored for future use. Harbors can be natural or artificial...

 and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt
Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

. It is located at the intersection between the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Anatolia and Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant...

 and the Nile
Nile
The Nile is a major north-flowing river in North Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world. It is long. It runs through the ten countries of Sudan, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Egypt.The Nile has two major...

, about 200 kilometres (124.3 mi) north of Cairo
Cairo
Cairo , is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. Nicknamed "The City of a Thousand Minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life...

.

History


In Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh...

, the city was known as Tamiat, but it became less important in the Hellenic period after the construction of Alexandria
Alexandria
Alexandria is the second-largest city of Egypt, with a population of 4.1 million, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country; it is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. It is Egypt's largest seaport, serving...

.

The Abbasids used Alexandria
Alexandria
Alexandria is the second-largest city of Egypt, with a population of 4.1 million, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country; it is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. It is Egypt's largest seaport, serving...

, Damietta, Aden
Aden
Aden is a seaport city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea , some 170 kilometres east of Bab-el-Mandeb. Its population is approximately 800,000. Aden's ancient, natural harbour lies in the crater of an extinct volcano which now forms a peninsula, joined to the mainland by a...

 and Siraf
Siraf
Siraf is a city in the Central District of Kangan County, Bushehr Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 3,500, in 722 families....

 as entry ports to India and the Tang Empire
Tang Dynasty
The Tang Dynasty was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. It was founded by the Li family, who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire...

 of China
History of China
Chinese civilization originated in various regional centers along both the Yellow River and the Yangtze River valleys in the Neolithic era, but the Yellow River is said to be the Cradle of Chinese Civilization. With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the world's oldest...

. Damietta was an important naval base during the Abbasid, Tulunid and Fatimid
Fatimid
The Fatimid Islamic Caliphate or al-Fāṭimiyyūn was a Berber Shia Muslim caliphate first centered in Tunisia and later in Egypt that ruled over varying areas of the Maghreb, Sudan, Sicily, the Levant, and Hijaz from 5 January 909 to 1171.The caliphate was ruled by the Fatimids, who established the...

 periods. This led to several attacks by the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire during the periods of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, centred on the capital of Constantinople. Known simply as the Roman Empire or Romania to its inhabitants and neighbours, the Empire was the direct continuation of the Ancient Roman State...

, most notably the sack and destruction
Sack of Damietta (853)
The Sack of Damietta in 853 was a major success for the Byzantine Empire. On 22 May 853, the Byzantine navy attacked the port city of Damietta on the Nile Delta, whose garrison was absent at the time...

 of the city in May 853.

Damietta was again important in the 12th and 13th centuries during the time of the Crusades
Crusades
The Crusades were a series of religious wars, blessed by the Pope and the Catholic Church with the main goal of restoring Christian access to the holy places in and near Jerusalem...

. In 1169, a fleet from the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Kingdom of Jerusalem
The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Catholic kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 after the First Crusade. The kingdom lasted nearly two hundred years, from 1099 until 1291 when the last remaining possession, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks, but its history is divided into two distinct periods....

, with support from the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire during the periods of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, centred on the capital of Constantinople. Known simply as the Roman Empire or Romania to its inhabitants and neighbours, the Empire was the direct continuation of the Ancient Roman State...

, attacked the port, but it was defeated by Saladin
Saladin
Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb , better known in the Western world as Saladin, was an Arabized Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founded the Ayyubid dynasty. He led Muslim and Arab opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant...

.

During preparations for the Fifth Crusade
Fifth Crusade
The Fifth Crusade was an attempt to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt....

 in 1217, it was decided that Damietta should be the focus of attack. Control of Damietta meant control of the Nile, and from there the crusaders believed they would be able to conquer Egypt
Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

. From Egypt they could then attack Palestine
Palestine
Palestine is a conventional name, among others, used to describe the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, and various adjoining lands....

 and recapture Jerusalem. When the port was besieged
Siege of Damietta
The Siege of Damietta of 1218 was part of the Fifth Crusade. The city, under the control of the Ayyubid Al-Kamil, was besieged by and taken by the Crusaders in 1219....

 and occupied by Frisia
Frisia
Frisia is a coastal region along the southeastern corner of the North Sea, i.e. the German Bight. Frisia is the traditional homeland of the Frisians, a Germanic people who speak Frisian, a language group closely related to the English language...

n crusaders in 1219, Francis of Assisi
Francis of Assisi
Saint Francis of Assisi was an Italian Catholic friar and preacher. He founded the men's Franciscan Order, the women’s Order of St. Clare, and the lay Third Order of Saint Francis. St...

 arrived to peaceably negotiate with the Muslim ruler. The siege devastated the population of Damietta. In October 1218 reinforcements arrived including the Legate Pelagius with the English earls Ranulf of Chester
Ranulf of Chester
Ranulf of Chester can refer to :*Ranulf le Meschin, 3rd Earl of Chester *Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester *Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester...

, Saer of Winchester
Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester
Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England, and a major figure in both Scotland and England in the decades around the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.Saer de Quincy's immediate background was in the Scottish...

 and William Aubigny of Arundel
William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel
William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel was an English nobleman, a favourite of King John, and a participant in the Fifth Crusade.-Lineage:...

 together with one Odonel Aubigny, Robert Fitzwalter
Robert Fitzwalter
Lord Robert FitzwalterAlso spelled FitzWalter, fitzWalter, etc. was the leader of the baronial opposition against King John of England, and one of the twenty-five sureties of the Magna Carta...

, John Lacy
John Lacy
John Lacy is a former professional footballer who played for Kingstonian, Fulham, Tottenham Hotspur and Crystal Palace.-Football career:...

 of Chester, William Harcourt and Oliver the illegitimate son of King John
John of England
John , also known as John Lackland , was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death...

. In 1221 the Crusaders attempted to march to Cairo, but were destroyed by the combination of nature and Muslim defenses.

Damietta was also the object of the Seventh Crusade
Seventh Crusade
The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254. Approximately 800,000 bezants were paid in ransom for King Louis who, along with thousands of his troops, was captured and defeated by the Egyptian army led by the Ayyubid Sultan Turanshah supported by the Bahariyya...

, led by Louis IX of France
Louis IX of France
Louis IX , commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death. He was also styled Louis II, Count of Artois from 1226 to 1237. Born at Poissy, near Paris, he was an eighth-generation descendant of Hugh Capet, and thus a member of the House of Capet, and the son of Louis VIII and...

. His fleet arrived there in 1249 and quickly captured the fort, though he refused to hand it over to the nominal king of Jerusalem, to whom it had been promised during the Fifth Crusade. However, Louis too was eventually captured and defeated and was forced to give up the city.

Because of its importance to the Crusaders, the Mamluk
Mamluk
A Mamluk was a soldier of slave origin, who were predominantly Cumans/Kipchaks The "mamluk phenomenon", as David Ayalon dubbed the creation of the specific warrior...

 Sultan Baibars
Baibars
Baibars or Baybars , nicknamed Abu l-Futuh , was a Mamluk Sultan of Egypt. He was one of the commanders of the forces which inflicted a devastating defeat on the Seventh Crusade of King Louis IX of France and he led the vanguard of the Egyptian army at the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, which marked...

 destroyed the city and rebuilt it with stronger fortifications a few kilometres from the river.

Monuments

  • Amr Ibn Al-a'as Mosque (Al-Fateh) the 2nd mosque to be built in Egypt and Africa by the Arabs after entering Egypt. It has been converted to a church twice during occupation by the crusaders and Louis IX of France
    Louis IX of France
    Louis IX , commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death. He was also styled Louis II, Count of Artois from 1226 to 1237. Born at Poissy, near Paris, he was an eighth-generation descendant of Hugh Capet, and thus a member of the House of Capet, and the son of Louis VIII and...

    's son Jean Tristan of France
    Jean Tristan of France
    John Tristan of France was a French prince of the Capetian dynasty. He was jure uxoris Count of Nevers from 1265 to 1270, Count of Auxerre and Tonnerre and also Count of Valois and Crépy ....

     was baptised by legate of the Pope in this Mosque.

  • Al-Matbuly Mosque dating to Mamluk era.
  • Al-Maainy Mosque dating to Al-Naser Mohammed Ibn Qalawon regin.
  • Al-Bahr Mosque dating to Ottmon rule era.
  • Al—Hadidy Mosque in Faraskour 200 years old.
  • Tabiet Ahmed Urabi, ruins of Damietta Fort at Ezbet El-Borg.
  • Al-Radwaniya Mosque dating to Mamluk era.
  • The Old Bridge " Elkobri Elqadeem" dating to early 1900s.
  • Souk Al-Hesba, the old dowm town, dating to Abbasi rule era.

Present-day


Today, there is a canal connecting it to the Nile
Nile
The Nile is a major north-flowing river in North Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world. It is long. It runs through the ten countries of Sudan, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Egypt.The Nile has two major...

, which has made it an important port once again. The modern city has a population of about 1,093,580 (2006). It contains the SEGAS LNG
SEGAS LNG
SEGAS LNG is a liquefied natural gas complex in Damietta, Egypt. It is located west of Port Said. The name SEGAS comes from the Spanish Egyptian Gas Company.-History:...

 (Liquefied Natural Gas) plant, which will ultimately have a capacity of 9.6 million ton/year through two trains. The plant is owned by Segas, a joint venture of the Spanish utility Unión Fenosa
Unión Fenosa
Unión Fenosa, S.A., is a large Spanish company dedicated to the production and distribution to end users of gas and electricity. It has installed capacity of 11,120 megawatts of power and 8.9 million customers. The headquarters are in Madrid and the chairman is Pedro López Jiménez...

 (40%), Italian oil company Eni
Eni
Eni S.p.A. is an Italian multinational oil and gas company, present in 70 countries, and currently Italy's largest industrial company with a market capitalization of 87.7 billion euros , as of July 24, 2008...

 (40%) and the Egyptian companies EGAS and EGPC (10% each).The plant is unusual since it is not supplied from a dedicated field, but is supplied with gas from the Egyptian grid. EMethanex, the Egyptian division of Methanex Corporation a Canadian owned company, is currently building a 3600 MTPD methanol plant. Construction is scheduled to be finished in mid 2010.

Notable natives


  • St. Sidhom Bishay
    Sidhom Bishay
    Sidhom Bishay was a Coptic Orthodox martyr and saint.Bishay was a government employee in the city of Damietta, Egypt, at the time of Muhammad Ali.He was falsely accused by Muslims of cursing Islam...

    , coptic martyr.
  • Kamal al-Din Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Damiri, (1344–1405), writer on canon law and natural history.
  • Moustafa Mosharafa
    Moustafa Mosharafa
    Dr. Ali Moustafa Mosharafa Pasha was an Egyptian theoretical physicist. He was professor of applied mathematics in the Faculty of Science at Cairo University, and also served as its first dean...

    , physicist and contributor to the theory of relativity
    Theory of relativity
    The theory of relativity, or simply relativity, encompasses two theories of Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity. However, the word relativity is sometimes used in reference to Galilean invariance....

  • Zahi Hawass
    Zahi Hawass
    Zahi Hawass is an Egyptian archaeologist, an Egyptologist, and former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs. He has also worked at archaeological sites in the Nile Delta, the Western Desert, and the Upper Nile Valley....

    , Egyptologist
  • Farouk Shousha
    Farouk Shousha
    Farouk Shousha is an Egyptian poet. He hosted the popular television program Umsiya Thaqafiya from 1977 through 2006....

    , poet. Previously head of Egyptian Radio. (El Soaraa village)
  • Taher Abou Fasha, poet, author of the 1985 TV movie script Alf-Layla w'Layla (1001 Nights).
  • Professor Shawky Daif, Professor of Arabic language and member of the Egyptian Arabic Language Academy. (Awlad Hamam village)
  • Professor Hamdy Elsayed, physician & cardiologist, former head of Egyptian medical syndicate, politician & member of people's assembly. (Awlad Hamam village)
  • Professor Abdel Halim Montaser Head of Kuwait University
    Kuwait University
    Kuwait University was established in October 1966, five years after Kuwait's independence from British Colonization. KU started with only two faculties, namely the Faculty of Science, Arts and Education; and a Women's College. The university had 418 students enrolled and 31 faculty members. By ,...

     since its establishment.
  • Shiekh Rizk Khalil Habba The former head of Egypt Quran reciting authority
  • Professor Abdel Rahman Badawi, professor of philosophy. One of his students is Anis Mansour
    Anis Mansour
    Anis Mansour, also transliterated as Anīs Manṣūr was an Egyptian writer.Anis Mansour was born in Al-Mansoura. He obtained his BA in philosophy in 1947 and started his journalistic career in the same year by joining "al-asas" newspaper staff, and later he joined many other newspapers and...

    .
  • Abbas Al-Tarabily, journalist.
  • Madkour Abou El-Ezz, military pilot & former head of [EAF].
  • Mohamed Fahim ElGindy
    Mohamed Fahim ElGindy
    The Furniture industry was developed many times in Egypt from the old ancient to now. During 1st 30 years of the 20th century, there was a great furniture developments in Europe from transitional furniture to Modern tastes . Egyptian were influenced by these movements which was a mix of many...

    , who established and developed the furniture industry during 20th century in Damietta.
  • Salah Montaser, journalist.
  • Ahmed Awwad, official spokesman of presidential office.
  • Raafat el-Haggan (Rifaat Al-Gammal), Egyptian spy.
  • Essam Al-Hadary, FC Sion & Egypt's goal-keeper.
  • Besheer El-Tabei
    Besheer El-Tabei
    Besheer El-Tabei is an Egyptian Football player. He plays for the Egyptian side Smouha Sporting Club.- Titles as a player :14 For Zamalek...

     the football player.
  • Samir Zaher, head of Egyptian football association.
  • Professor Aisha Abdel Rahman (Bent Al Shatea), journalist & Muslim philosopher.
  • Abdel Raoof Al-Reedy, former Ambassador of Egypt to USA & United Nations http://www.domyat.gov.eg/arabic/borg/cele/ridy.htm.
  • Dr. Zaki Naguib Mahmoud
    Zaki Naguib Mahmoud
    Zaki Naguib Mahmoud was an Egyptian intellectual and thinker, and is considered a pioneer in modern Arabic philosophical thought. Best known with "The philosopher of authors and author of philosophers" as Abbas Mahmoud al-Akkad called him...

    , writer and phliosopher.
  • Professor Maher Fawzy, professor of anesthesia at Cairo University & a pioneer in pain management in Egypt & Arab countries.
  • Diaa eldin Daoud, Politician and former head of the Democratic Arabic Nasserian party.
  • Rifaat el-Mahgoub
    Rifaat el-Mahgoub
    Rifaat el-Mahgoub was an important Egyptian politician, speaker of the Egyptian Parliament, and a member of the ruling National Democratic Party....

    , former Head of the Egyptian Parliament and a member of the ruling National Democratic Party.
  • Hasaballah El-Kafrawy, former minister of housing and initiator of modern Egyptian housing planning http://www.domyat.gov.eg/arabic/kafr/cele/hasab.htm.
  • Hamdy Ashour, former governor of Cairo.
  • Dr Helmy Al-Hadidy, Former minister of health.
  • Dr. Mohammed Hassan El-Zayyat, former minister of foreign affairs.
  • Sa'd Ardash, one of the Egyptian theater pioneers.
  • Rifaat El-Fanagiley, Captain and Right hand shooter of Al-Ahly & Egypt team in 1950s & 1960s.
  • Ali Salem the political playwright.
  • Riyad el-Sonbaty the Composer.
  • Yousry Al-Gindy the writer.
  • Yusuf Idris
    Yusuf Idris
    Yusuf Idris, also Yusif Idris was an Egyptian writer of plays, short stories, and novels. Idris originally trained to be a doctor, studying at the University of Cairo...

     the writer & Psychaitrist.
  • Farag Foda
    Farag Foda
    Farag Foda , also Faraj Fawda, was an important Egyptian thinker, human rights activist, writer, and columnist.Based in Cairo, he was noted for his critical articles and sharp satires about Islamic fundamentalism in Egypt. In many newspaper articles, he demonstrated weak points in Islamic ideology...

     secular writer shot to death in his office on 8 June 1992 by two Islamic fundamentalists from the Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya
    Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya
    Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya is an Egyptian Islamist movement, and is considered a terrorist organization by the United States, European Union and Egyptian governments...

     group.
  • Dorreyia Sharf el-Din the media reporter and writer
  • Salama al-Dommiaty the Cairo Patessiare.
  • Professor Muhammed Mahmoud Ghali, founder of Languages and Translation Faculty at Al-Azhar University, and Translator of meanings of The munificent Quran

  • Mohamed Hassan Abdelsamad : Fulright Scholar in the SUNY Cobleskill in the United States of America.

Economic activity

  • White Dammiat Cheese (Domiati
    Domiati
    Domiati cheese, also known as gibna beyda , is a soft white salty cheese made primarily in Egypt, but also in Sudan and other Middle Eastern countries. It's typically made from buffalo milk, cow milk, or a mixture, but can also be made from other milks, such as sheep, goat or camel milk. It's the...

    ) and other dairy products that spread in Egypt
    Egypt
    Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

    , Greece
    Greece
    Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

    , Cyprus
    Cyprus
    Cyprus , officially the Republic of Cyprus , is a Eurasian island country, member of the European Union, in the Eastern Mediterranean, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and north of Egypt. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.The earliest known human activity on the...

    , Sudan
    Sudan
    Sudan , officially the Republic of the Sudan , is a country in North Africa, sometimes considered part of the Middle East politically. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the...

     and Turkey
    Turkey
    Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

    .
  • Furniture & wood work antiques
  • Pattisiare and Egyptian desserts.
  • Weaving and clothes (Now vanishing)
  • Containers transport through the new port
  • Fishing

Domyat in culture



  • A frigate of the Egyptian Navy bought from US Navy USS Jesse L. Brown (FF-1089)
    USS Jesse L. Brown (FF-1089)
    USS Jesse L. Brown was a of the US Navy. She was named for Jesse L. Brown, the first African-American naval aviator in the US Navy. Mrs. Gilbert W. Thorne, Ship's Sponsor. This ship was eventually decommissioned and sold to the Egyptian Navy and was renamed Damiyat ...

     was renamed the Damyat after Damietta.
  • Amietophrynus kassasii (Baha El Din, 1993) "Damietta Toad" one of the genus Amietophrynus
    Amietophrynus
    Amietophrynus is a large genus of true toads native to Africa. Originally, all Amietophrynus species were included in the genus Bufo, but were split due to large enough taxonomic divergence.-Species:-References:...

    .
  • It was visited by LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin
    LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin
    LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin was a German built and operated passenger-carrying hydrogen-filled rigid airship which operated commercially from 1928 to 1937. It was named after the German pioneer of airships, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, who was a Graf or Count in the German nobility. During its operating life,...

     in 1929.
  • Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Metropolis of Damietta, Kafr-el-Sheikh, and Bararye, under jurisdiction of H.E. Metropolitan Bishoy.
  • The Greek Orthodox
    Eastern Orthodox Church
    The Orthodox Church, officially called the Orthodox Catholic Church and commonly referred to as the Eastern Orthodox Church, is the second largest Christian denomination in the world, with an estimated 300 million adherents mainly in the countries of Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece,...

    bishop was based in Damietta in the church of Agios Nikolaos.

External links