is a town in the district Nordsachsen
Nordsachsen is a district in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.- History :The district was established by merging the former districts of Delitzsch and Torgau-Oschatz as part of the district reform of August 2008....
, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
The town is the gateway to the Dahlener Forest. The neighbouring towns are Wermsdorf (11 km), Oschatz (12 km) and Torgau. Dahlen is located 22 km south of Torgau
Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district Nordsachsen.Outside Germany, the town is most well known as the place where during the Second World War, United States Army forces coming from the west met with forces of the Soviet Union...
and 44 km east of Leipzig
Leipzig Leipzig has always been a trade city, situated during the time of the Holy Roman Empire at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centres of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing...
The Bundesstraße 6
The Bundesstraße 6 runs from the North Sea coast in a southeasterly direction through the states of Lower Saxony, Bremen, Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony to the Polish border.- History :...
goes through Neuböhla in the south of the district. The Leipzig-Dresden railway
also passes nearby
The medieval town is also home to Castle Dahlen, which was the headquarters of King Frederick the Great
Frederick II was a King in Prussia and a King of Prussia from the Hohenzollern dynasty. In his role as a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire, he was also Elector of Brandenburg. He was in personal union the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel...
Prussia was a German kingdom and historic state originating out of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organized and effective army. Prussia shaped the history...
The history of Dahlen can be traced back to around 1188 A.D, where it is first mentioned as a town along the old trading route. The name Dahlen comes from the Slavic "Dolane
" meaning "Valley Inhabitant". The city was officially chartered 40 years later in 1228.
There were many setbacks in the development of the town. It had faced the challenges of city fires, plagues, war and famine. However, its location allowed economic recovery where traders passed through and the town had bounced back from these disasters.
The town also saw a boom when the railway was laid to the south. The old Train Station, built in the Victorian style had the "Kings Waiting Room". Here, the Princes of Saxony would stop and rest on their way to the hunting lodge in Wermsdorf
-Landscape:Wermsdorf is situated within Wermsdorf Forest a wooded area of some 30 km/sq, less than 7.0 km to the north-west of Mugeln. The south side of Wermsdorf is deforested and looks out over a fairly flat landscape of agricultural land set out in crops...
The current Town Hall (Germ: Rathaus
Rathaus is a German word literally translating as “council house”, meaning “city hall” or “town hall”. Many specific buildings are referred to as Rathaus even when spoken about in English.Some important Rathäuser are:* Rathaus Schöneberg...
) was built in 1888 on Market Square in the center of town.
The town played an important role during the Seven Years War in Europe. The most significant event was the signing of the Treaty of Hubertusburg
thumb|right|300px|Hubertusburg, WermsdorfThe Treaty of Hubertusburg was signed on 15 February 1763 at Hubertusburg by Prussia, Austria, and Saxony. Together with the Treaty of Paris, it marked the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years' War. The treaty ended the continental...
on February 21, 1763 in the castle's White Salon.
The highlight of Dahlen is the current ruins of the former Castle Dahlen
Dahlen Castle is a castle built between 1744 and 1751 in the small town of Dahlen, located in Saxony, Germany.-History:The castle was built by Count Heinrich von Bünau as a residence, on the site of a medieval manor house on the site, which was demolished to make way for the new building.Built in...
. Built between 1744–1751, the castle was one of the residences of the von Bünau family.
Today the castle is being saved by a group of preservationists wanting to see the castle restored. There is also a train station being restored as well for public use.
The town also features many historical sites and sights, and may well become a popular tourist destination.