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The Semitic languages are a group of related languages whose living representatives are spoken by more than 270 million people across much of the Middle East, North Africa and the Horn of Africa...
, was the foremost orientalist
Orientalism is a term used for the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists, as well as having other meanings...
of his generation. He was a professor at the universities in Breslau, Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...
and, from 1903, Königsberg
The University of Königsberg was the university of Königsberg in East Prussia. It was founded in 1544 as second Protestant academy by Duke Albert of Prussia, and was commonly known as the Albertina....
. He is best known for his multi-volume Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur
(1898–1902) (History of Arabic literature) which included all writers in Arabic to 1937, and remains the fundamental reference volume for all Arabic literature, apart from the Christian Arabic texts (covered by Georg Graf
Georg Graf was a German Orientalist. He was one of the most important scholars of the study of the Christian orient, and his 5 volume Geschichte der christlichen arabischen Literatur remains the basis of all subsequent work.-Life:Georg Graf was born in Munzingen, Germany, in 1875.He entered the...
He also published Syrische Grammatik mit Litteratur, Chrestomathie und Glossar
(1899), Semitische Sprachwissenschaft
(1906), Lexicon syriacum
(1928), and Arabische Grammatik
(under his own name 1941, but this was the 11th edition of the grammar of Albert Socin, previously revised by Brockelmann several times).
- 1895: Lexicon Syriacum. Berlin: Reuther & Reichard; Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. [1995 edition: ISBN 3-487-01181-6]
- 1908-1913: Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen. 2 vols. Berlin: Reuther and Reichard.
- 1950: Abessinsche Studien. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.