is a hamlet of the Town of Islip
The Town of Islip is one of ten towns in Suffolk County, New York . Located on the south shore of Long Island, the town population was 322,612 at the 2000 census. The smaller, unincorporated hamlet of Islip lies within the town.-Demographics:...
in Suffolk County, New York
Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York on the eastern portion of Long Island. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,493,350. It was named for the county of Suffolk in England, from which its earliest settlers came...
. According to the 2000 Census, the population of Brentwood is 53,917.
The colony was established on March 21, 1851, on 750 acres (3 km²) of land on Long Island
Long Island is an island located in the southeast part of the U.S. state of New York, just east of Manhattan. Stretching northeast into the Atlantic Ocean, Long Island contains four counties, two of which are boroughs of New York City , and two of which are mainly suburban...
, New York, by Josiah Warren
Josiah Warren was an individualist anarchist, inventor, musician, and author in the United States. He is widely regarded as the first American anarchist, and the four-page weekly paper he edited during 1833, The Peaceful Revolutionist, was the first anarchist periodical published, an enterprise...
and Stephen Pearl Andrews
Stephen Pearl Andrews was an American individualist anarchist and author of several books on Individualist anarchism.-Early life and work:...
. It was initially known as Modern Times and later renamed Brentwood after the town of Brentwood, Essex
Brentwood is a town and the principal settlement of the Borough of Brentwood, in the county of Essex in the east of England. It is located in the London commuter belt, 20 miles east north-east of Charing Cross in London, and near the M25 motorway....
, in England.
Brentwood is located at 40°46′54"N 73°14′39"W (40.781805, -73.244060).
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the CDP has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.1 km²).
By contract, all the land (750 acres (3 km²)) was bought and sold at cost, with 3 acres (12,140.6 m²) being the maximum allowable lot size. The community was said to be based on the idea of individual sovereignty and individual responsibility. Individuals were encouraged to pursue their self-interest as they saw fit. All products of labor were considered private property. The community had a local private currency based upon labor exchange in order to trade goods and services (see Mutualism
Mutualism is an anarchist school of thought that originates in the writings of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, who envisioned a society where each person might possess a means of production, either individually or collectively, with trade representing equivalent amounts of labor in the free market...
). All land was private property, with the exception of alleys which were initially considered common property but later converted to private property. Initially, no system of authority existed in the colony; there were no courts, jails or police. This appears to have given some credence to Warren's theories that the most significant cause of violence in society was most attributable to policies and law which did not allow complete individuality in person and property. However, the modest population of the colony might be considered a factor in this characteristic. The Civil War, as well as a gradual infiltration into the community by those that did not share the same libertarian and economic philosophy, is said to have contributed to its eventual dissolution. Modern Times is now known as Brentwood. Almost all of the original buildings that existed in Modern Times have been destroyed.
During the first half of the 20th Century, Brentwood was home to the Ross Health Resort "Onehtah". Managed by Dr. William H. Ross, Onehtah was a place where a person could escape the pollution of the city. It was thought that the smell of pine needles brought a person good health.
Brentwood is the site of Pilgrim State Hospital, now known as Pilgrim Psychiatric Center
Pilgrim Psychiatric Center, formerly known as Pilgrim State Hospital, is a state-run psychiatric hospital located in Brentwood, New York. At the time it opened, it was the largest hospital of any kind in the world...
, one of the world's largest psychiatric institutions.
Though Brentwood was founded in 1851, the 150th anniversary of the community was commemorated on May 9–11, 2007. Brentwood also over the years has become an ethnic enclave of Hispanics especially Salvadoran American
Salvadorian Americans are citizens or residents of the United States of Salvadoran descent. As of 2010 there are 1.6 million Salvadoran Americans in the United States, the fourth-largest Hispanic community by nation of ancestry.They are also known as the nicknamed Salvi people in the USA,...
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 53,917 people, 12,580 households, and 10,894 families residing in the CDP. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 5,357.3 per square mile (2,069.3/km²). There were 13,039 housing units at an average density of 1,295.6/sq mi (500.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 15% White, 20.06% African American, 0.57% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 25.44% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 6.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 54.25% of the population.
There were 12,580 households, out of which 46.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.4% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.19.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $59,208, and the median income for a family was $57,047. Males had a median income of $31,022 versus $25,946 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the CDP was $15,833. About 7.5% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
- William H. Ross, M.D., psychiatrist, founder of the Ross Health Resort on Suffolk Avenue in 1898
- Jef Raskin
Jef Raskin was an American human-computer interface expert best known for starting the Macintosh project for Apple in the late 1970s.-Early years and education:...
(Jeffrey Frank Raskin) widely acknowledged as the "Father of the Macintosh", a noted computer scientist and expert on the human/computer interface, inventor, conductor, artist, writer and businessman, (graduated Brentwood HS 1960) died February 2005
- Robert Gallucci
Robert L. Gallucci is an Italian American academic and diplomat, who currently works as President of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. He previously served as Dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University from 1996 to June 2009...
, former US Ambassador at Large (1994–1996), currently Dean of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University (graduated Brentwood HS in 1962)
- Leonard H. Tower Jr.
Leonard "Len" H. Tower Jr. is a free software activist and one of the founding board members of the Free Software Foundation,where he contributed to the initial releases of gcc and GNU diff. He left the Free Software Foundation in 1997....
, free Software activist
Activism consists of intentional efforts to bring about social, political, economic, or environmental change. Activism can take a wide range of forms from writing letters to newspapers or politicians, political campaigning, economic activism such as boycotts or preferentially patronizing...
, software hacker, and founding member of the Board of Directors
A board of directors is a body of elected or appointed members who jointly oversee the activities of a company or organization. Other names include board of governors, board of managers, board of regents, board of trustees, and board of visitors...
of the Free Software Foundation
The Free Software Foundation is a non-profit corporation founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, a copyleft-based movement which aims to promote the universal freedom to create, distribute and modify computer software...
(graduated Brentwood HS in 1967)
- Jack Scalia, actor of "Dallas" & the title role in a TV movie about Amy Fisher shooting MaryJo Buttafuocco (graduated Brentwood HS in 1969)
EPMD is an American hip hop group from Brentwood, New York. The group's name is a concatenation of the members' name "E" and "PMD" or an acronym for "Erick and Parrish Making Dollars", referencing its members, emcees Erick Sermon and Parrish Smith...
, hip-hop pioneers, raised in Brentwood
- Mitch Kupchak
Mitchell "Mitch" Kupchak is a retired American basketball player and current general manager of the Los Angeles Lakers since the 2000–01 NBA season after predecessor Jerry West moved to the Memphis Grizzlies organization....
, athlete and general manager of the NBA's Los Angeles Lakers
The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles, California. They play in the Pacific Division of the Western Conference in the National Basketball Association...
- Frank Urso, member, Long Island Metropolitan Lacrosse Hall of Fame and National Lacrosse Hall of Fame (graduated Brentwood HS in 1972)
- Reggie Fils-Aime, current President & Chief Operating Officer of Nintendo of America (graduated Brentwood HS in 1979)
- Enricco "Rick" Colon-Lopez, bassist of punk band The Casualties
The Casualties are an American street punk band from New York City, New York, formed in 1990.-Biography:The Casualties members aimed to return to what they viewed as the "golden era" of street punk, embodied by bands such as The Exploited, Charged GBH , which they believed had disappeared by...
- Buddy McGirt
James Walter "Buddy" McGirt is a boxing trainer, and retired boxer. He was born in Brentwood, New York.- Professional boxing career :...
, boxing champion and trainer
- Jai Rodriguez
Jai Rodriguez is an actor and musician best known as the culture guide on the Bravo network's Emmy-winning American reality television program Queer Eye for the Straight Guy. He has also co-authored a book with the other Queer Eye hosts.-Biography:Rodriguez is of Puerto Rican and Italian descent,...
, actor and musician, born in Brentwood
- Michael H. Waye, Vice President, Marsh and McLennan, killed during the 9/11 attacks
- Darrell Black, Visual artist, created the art style Definism
- Craig Mack
Craig Mack is an American Grammy nominated rapper, who gained fame on Puff Daddy's Bad Boy Entertainment record label in the 1990s. Although his first single was released under the name MC EZ in 1988, he is best known for his 1994 hit single "Flava In Ya Ear", which was released under his real name...
, hip-hop musician
- Thug Felion , hip-hop musician
- Christ Episcopal Church, circa 1850, Third Ave
- First Baptist Church of Brentwood, Suffolk Ave
- Hope Baptist Church
- New Jerusalem Baptish Church, MacArthur Avenue
- Prince of Peace Lutheran Church, Candlewood Road
- St. Beach's BA. 1st Church of Beachism
- St. Anne's R.C. Church, Second Avenue
- St. Luke's R.C. Church, Wicks Rd.
- Church of the Nazarene
- Academy of Saint Joseph
The Academy of Saint Joseph, in Brentwood, New York, was a Catholic college-preparatory school for Kindergarten to Grade 12, single-sex for girls grades 9 - 12...
- Brentwood High School (Brentwood, New York)
Brentwood High School is a secondary school in Brentwood, New York. It is one of the largest high schools in New York State, on the southern shore of Suffolk County, Long Island. Richard Loeschner is the current principal.-1951-1980:...
- Maslow-Toffler School of Futuristic Education
The Maslow-Toffler School of Futuristic Education was an alternative secondary school in Brentwood, New York from 1974 to 1983. It was co-founded by John M. Sherin and Milton Siler. Its principal from 1974 to 1982 was Conrad G. Follansbee....
- Dyson, Verne. A Century of Brentwood. by Verne Dyson, 1950, Brentwood: Brentwood Village Press, 1950.
- Dyson, Verne. Supplement and Index: An After-piece to A Century of Brentwood, Brentwood: Brentwood Village Press, 1953.
- Wunderlich, Roger. Low Living and High Thinking at Modern Times, N.Y. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8156-2554-5
- Christian Freeman 1852. Letter from Rev. B. F. Bowles.