based in Boston
, and a member of Major League Baseball
’s American League Eastern Division
. Founded in as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox's home ballpark
has been Fenway Park
since . The "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor
, around , following previous Boston teams that had been known as the "Red Stockings
". They played in eleven World Series, third most of any team remaining in one city, after the New York Yankees and the Saint Louis Cardinals.
1904 Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.
1917 In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.
1919 Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox is sold to the New York Yankees by owner Harry Frazee.
1942 World War II: Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox enlists in the United States Marine Corps as a flight instructor.
1959 Elijah Jerry "Pumpsie" Green becomes the first African-American to play for the Boston Red Sox, the last team to integrate. He came in as a pinch runner for Vic Wertz and stayed in as shortstop in a 2-1 loss to the Chicago White Sox.
1975 Game 6 of the World Series is played between the Boston Red Sox and Cincinnati Reds. The game would be won on a home run off the left field foul pole at Fenway Park hit by Carlton Fisk in the bottom of the 12th inning, ending perhaps the greatest baseball game played in World Series history.
1986 Roger Clemens then of the Boston Red Sox sets a major league baseball record with 20 strikeouts in nine innings against the Seattle Mariners.
2004 The Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the first time in 86 years.