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refers to the changes (constitutional amendment
A constitutional amendment is a formal change to the text of the written constitution of a nation or state.Most constitutions require that amendments cannot be enacted unless they have passed a special procedure that is more stringent than that required of ordinary legislation...
s) to the 1952 Constitution of the People's Republic of Poland
The Constitution of the People's Republic of Poland was passed on 22 July 1952. Created by the Polish communists in the People's Republic of Poland, it was based on the 1936 Soviet Constitution , and it superseded the post-war provisional Small Constitution of 1947 which, at its turn, had declared...
, agreed in April 1989, in the aftermath of the Polish Round Table Agreement
The Polish Round Table Talks took place in Warsaw, Poland from February 6 to April 4, 1989. The government initiated the discussion with the banned trade union Solidarność and other opposition groups in an attempt to defuse growing social unrest.-History:...
Among key changes were:
- restoration of the Senate of Poland
The Senate is the upper house of the Polish parliament, the lower house being the 'Sejm'. The history of the Polish Senate is rich in tradition and stretches back over 500 years, it was one of the first constituent bodies of a bicameral parliament in Europe and existed without hiatus until the...
and the post of the president of Poland (the latter annulling the power of the Polish Communist party general secretary
-International intergovernmental organizations:-International nongovernmental organizations:-Sports governing bodies:...
- introduction of the National Court Council (Krajowa Rada Sądownictwa)
- changes to the electoral legislation, in order to make elections more free and fair
- powers of the Sejm
The Sejm is the lower house of the Polish parliament. The Sejm is made up of 460 deputies, or Poseł in Polish . It is elected by universal ballot and is presided over by a speaker called the Marshal of the Sejm ....
The 1952 constitution would be even further reformed by the December Novelization and Small Constitution of 1992
Small Constitution of 1992 in Poland was a constitution regulating relations between legislative and executive branches of Poland, and the local self-government. It was voted by the Poland's first democratic Sejm elected in the free elections...
, and finally replaced in 1997 by a completely new current Constitution of Poland
The current Constitution of Poland was adopted on 2 April 1997. Formally known as the Constitution of the Republic of Poland , it replaced the temporary amendments put into place in 1992 designed to reverse the effects of Communism, establishing the nation as "a democratic state ruled by law and...