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Schoenoplectus

Schoenoplectus

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Schoenoplectus is a genus of about 80 species of sedges
Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae are a family of monocotyledonous graminoid flowering plants known as sedges, which superficially resemble grasses or rushes. The family is large, with some 5,500 species described in about 109 genera. These species are widely distributed, with the centers of diversity for the group...

 with a cosmopolitan distribution
Cosmopolitan distribution
In biogeography, a taxon is said to have a cosmopolitan distribution if its range extends across all or most of the world in appropriate habitats. For instance, the killer whale has a cosmopolitan distribution, extending over most of the world's oceans. Other examples include humans, the lichen...

. Note that the name bulrush is also applied to species in the unrelated genus Typha
Typha
Typha is a genus of about eleven species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Typhaceae. The genus has a largely Northern Hemisphere distribution, but is essentially cosmopolitan, being found in a variety of wetland habitats...

. The genus Schoenoplectus is closely related to Scirpus
Scirpus
The plant genus Scirpus consists of a large number of aquatic, grass-like species in the family Cyperaceae , many with the common names club-rush or bulrush . Other common names are deergrass or grassweed.The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, and grows in wetlands and moist soil...

, and included in it by some botanists.

Selected species

  • Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl.
    Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg
    Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg was an American clergyman and botanist.-Biography:The son of Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg, he was born in Trappe, Pennsylvania. He was educated at in Halle starting in 1763 and in 1769 at the University of Halle. He returned to Pennsylvania in September 1770...

     ex J.M.Bigelow) Á.Löve
    Áskell Löve
    Áskell Löve was an Icelandic systematic botanist, particularly active in the Arctic.Löve was born in Reykjavik. He studied botany at Lund University, Sweden, from 1937. He received his PhD in 1942 in botany and a D.Sc. degree in genetics the year after...

     & D.Löve
    Doris Löve
    Doris Benta Maria Löve, née Wahlén was a Swedish systematic botanist, particularly active in the Arctic.Doris Löve was born in Kristianstad, Sweden. She studied botany at Lund University from 1937. She married her fellow student and colleague, the Icelander Áskell Löve. She received her PhD in...

    – Tule (North America
    North America
    North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas...

    )
  • Schoenoplectus americanus
    Schoenoplectus americanus
    Schoenoplectus americanus is a species of flowering plant in the sedge family known by the common names chairmaker's bulrush and Olney's three-square bulrush...

    (Pers.) Volkart ex Schinz & R. Keller – Chairmaker's Bulrush, Olney's Bulrush
  • Schoenoplectus californicus
    Schoenoplectus californicus
    Schoeneoplectus californicus is a species of sedge known by the common names California bulrush and giant bulrush. It is also sometimes called "tule", but the closely related Schoenoplectus acutus is the more correct owner of that name.-Description:Schoeneoplectus californicus is a rhizomed water...

    (C.A.Mey.
    Carl Anton von Meyer
    Carl Anton Andreevic von Meyer was a Russian botanist and explorer.Meyer took part in expeditions, including one to the Altay Mountains with Karl Friedrich von Ledebour and Alexander G. von Bunge in 1826-27. He was the director of the botanical gardens at Saint Petersburg from 1850 to 1855.-...

    ) Steud.
    Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel
    Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel was a German physician and an authority on grasses.Steudel lived in Esslingen where with Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter he organized Unio Itineraria.- References :...

    – California Bulrush, Giant Bulrush (Americas)
    • Schoenoplectus californicus ssp. tatora
      Totora (plant)
      Totora is a subspecies of the giant bulrush sedge. It is found in South America - notably on Lake Titicaca, the middle coast of Perú and on Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean...

        – Totora (Andes
      Andes
      The Andes is the world's longest continental mountain range. It is a continual range of highlands along the western coast of South America. This range is about long, about to wide , and of an average height of about .Along its length, the Andes is split into several ranges, which are separated...

      )
  • Schoenoplectus heterochaetus
    Schoenoplectus heterochaetus
    Schoenoplectus heterochaetus is a species of flowering plant in the sedge family known by the common name slender bulrush. It is native to North America, where it can be found in many regions of Canada and the United States. It grows in a variety of wetland habitat types, including marshes and...

    – Slender Bulrush (North America)
  • Schoenoplectus hudsonianus – Alpine Deergrass
  • Schoenoplectus lacustris – Common Club-rush, Bulrush (Europe
    Europe
    Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

    , Asia
    Asia
    Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

    , Africa
    Africa
    Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area...

    )
  • Schoenoplectus maritimus
  • Schoenoplectus mucronatus
    Schoenoplectus mucronatus
    Schoenoplectus mucronatus is a species of flowering plant in the sedge family known by the common names bog bulrush, roughseed bulrush, and ricefield bulrush. It is native to Eurasia and Africa it is known on other continents as an introduced species and sometimes a weed. It is a weed of rice...

    (Asia
    Asia
    Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

    , Australia
    Australia
    Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

    , Europe
    Europe
    Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

    )
  • Schoenoplectus pungens – Sharp Club-rush, Three-square Bulrush (Cosmopolitan)
  • Schoenoplectus saximontanus
    Schoenoplectus saximontanus
    Schoenoplectus saximontanus is a species of flowering plant in the sedge family known by the common name Rocky Mountain bulrush. It is native to North America, where it is known from several areas scattered throughout Canada, the United States, and Mexico. It grows in moist and wet habitat or...

  • Schoenoplectus subterminalis
    Schoenoplectus subterminalis
    Schoenoplectus subterminalis is a species of flowering plant in the sedge family known by the common names water bulrush and swaying bulrush. It is native to North America, where it is known from many areas across Canada and the United States. It grows in moist and wet habitat, and often grows in...

  • Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
    Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
    Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani is a species of flowering plant in the sedge family known by the common names softstem bulrush and great bulrush. It can be found throughout the world, growing in many types of moist and wet habitat, and sometimes in shallow water. It is quite variable in appearance...