is a city and a municipality
A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. It can also be used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district...
in Samastipur district
Samastipur is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar in India. The district headquarters are located at Samastipur. The district occupies an area of 2904 km² and has a population of 27,16,929 .- History :...
in the India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...
India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.-List of states and territories:...
Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at and 3rd largest by population. Almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, which is the highest proportion in India....
. It is headquarters of the Samastipur district.It is situated on the banks of Burhi Gandak River.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
, Samastipur had a population of 55,590. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Samastipur has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is at 78%, and female literacy is at 66%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
samastipur is also known as entrance for mithilanchal.
Samastipur is the birth place of the famous Kisan leader and freedom fighter Pandit Yamuna Karjee
Yamuna Karjee was an Indian independence activist.-Early life and education:Yamuna Karjee was born in a small village name Deopar near Pusa in Darbhanga District of Bihar in 1898 in a Bhumihar Brahmin family. His father Anu Karjee was a farmer who died when Yamuna Karjee was just 6 months old...
. He was a resident of Pusa, Samastipur and was associated with Swami Sahajanand Saraswati
Swami Sahajanand Saraswati , born in a Jijhoutia Brahminfamily of Ghazipur of Uttar Pradesh state of India, was an ascetic of Dashnami Order of Adi Shankara Sampradaya as well as a nationalist and peasant leader of India...
in the Kisan Movement during the freedom struggle. There were several other well known leaders from Samastipur district who had occupied ministerial post in the Government of India after the independence. Among them Karpuri Thakur rose to become the Chief Minister of Bihar. Some other known personalities from Samastipur include Vidyapati
Vidyapati Thakur , also known by the sobriquet Maithil Kavi Kokil was a Maithili poet and a Sanskrit writer. He was born in the village of Bishphi in Madhubani district of Bihar state, India. He was son of Ganapati...
Udayanaachaarya, Udayanacharya or Udayakara, a Brahmana logician of Mithila wrote a sub-gloss on Vachaspati's work called the Nyaya-vaartika-taatparya-tiikaa-parishuddhi...
, Bihar Kokila singer Padmashri Sharda Sinha
-Background:Sharda Sinha sings Angika and Bhojpuri songs, has received Padma Shri for her contribution to music. Prayag Sangeet Samiti organised Basant Mahotsava at Prayag where Padma Shri Sharda Sinha presented numerous songs based on the theme of spring season, where the advent of spring was...
and Shri Nand Kishore Sharma.
Reveolutionary freedom fighter Prafulla Chaki
Prafulla Chaki was a Bengali revolutionary associated with the Jugantar group of revolutionaries who carried out assassinations against British colonial officials in an attempt to secure Indian independence.- Early life :...
, while fleeing from Muzzafarpur, after killing two British ladies on account of mistaken identity was identified by the Police at Samastipur Railway Station. In the ensuing melee, Chaki shot himself dead.
Samastipur is an administrative centre for the East Central Railway headed by Divisional Railway Manager Shri Satya Prakash Trivedi. There are several industries and small scale industries which include a sugar factory, paper mill, jute mill (Rameshwar jute mill, Muktapur) and railway factory (Wagon wheel factory). There are two sugar factories in Samastipur, one in town near Magardahi ghat and the second one in Hasanpur.
Samastipur is rich in agriculture because of its fertile plain. Tobacco, chilli, turmeric, beetle leaf (Paan), maize, rice and wheat are the main crops. Leechi and mango fruits are grown in abundance.
The main festivals of the district are Chatth, Durga Pooja, Deepavali, Saraswati Pooja, Hanuman Jayanti, Eid, and Mohrram. The Kali Mandi near river, Thaneshwar temple is a very famous temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, and is situated at the heart of the city.
Chhath festival is celebrated at Budhi gandak ghat, as well as Baliram Bhagat college premise along with other places. It is a festival of harmony, peace and happiness.
Another important place for worship is Mannipur which is near Jitwarpur. Khatu Shyam Mandir in the Samastipur market, also attracts fair amount of devotees. Navratra festival at Khatu shyam mandir is very famous. Rewari which is 16 km (9.9 mi) East from Samastipur is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesh, Nandi and Thakurji.
Education facilities in the district are not that advanced. There are a few colleges, such as 'Samastipur College(P.G College)', Women's College, R. N. A. R College, S.M.R.C.K college, B.R.B College and St. Kabir College.
There are three Central Government School under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (India) in Samastipur 1. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jitwrpur,Samastipur 2. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Pusa. 3. Jawaher Navodaya Vidyalaya,Birauli
'. There are several Public Convent schools in Samastipur which follow CBSE curriculum, St.Paul Senior Secondary School, Central Public School, Holy Mission, Sacred Heart, DAV public school,to name a few. There are also state government authorized schools which follows the state curriculum,such as Tirhut Academy, K.E Inter and Girls high school.
This district is also famous for a very reputed Agricultural University in Pusa, called Rajendra Agricultural University.
Jhakhara village is situated in sarairanjan block. It is well known village in this bolck because of huge production of Tobaco,wheate and Maze.
Here most famous festival is swaraswati pooja among young generation specially in east jhakhara.
Kharahia village is situated 9 km away from Rosera ghat Railway station. It is well known village in the district as " MINI KOLKATA " because huge production of chilli as commercial crop. This village is also famous for hard working farmers with modern technology.
The place, situated in Dalsinghsarai block near the bank of River Ganges, is named after the most revered Maithili poet Vidyapati. It is believed to be the place where the renowned Poet breathed his last in search of Lord Shiva. As the myth goes, Lord Shiva was associated with him since long in the guise of his servant named Ugna. It is said that he wanted to breath his last at the banks of Ganges and was travelling towards it. But due to his failing health, he was not able to reach the banks of Ganges and so the river changed its course to reach him.
The place, situated in Kalyanpur block. There are total 06 schools & college. It is 06 km from Kalyanpur block.
Pusa block is world famous for Rajendra Agriculture University. PUSA is named after Mr. Henry Phipps from USA who donated the money to establish agricultural research institute. Pusa also has Indian agriculture research institute and Sugar cane institute.Pusa was also the residence of Pandit Yamuna Karjee, the famous freedom fighter and Kisan leader.In Pusa number of educational institutes are situated like Rajendra Agriculture University, Central school,Campus Public School,Rajendra Sishu Sadan,Government High School, Uma panday College, Barmh Dev Ray College, Girls High school, Green Wood Public School, Green Velly School etc.
The Village is Situated 1 km from Pusa& About 21 km From District Head Ouarters( Samstipur),The Nearest railway station is Pusa Road,Dubha & Dholi.
About 16 km northeast of the Rosera ghat railway station of the Northeastern Railway the modern village of Karian is situated on a mound, 20-ft high from the surrounding ground level and about 96 acres in area. Local traditions associate this village to be the birthplace of Udayanacharya, a Maithil Brahmin and great philosopher of ancient times who is also supposed to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Extensive excavations have revealed at this village antiques of as back as of 2nd century BC and afterwards from 6th century AD to post 1200 AD.
The village, situated about 35 km southwest of Laheriasarai of Darbhanga district, contains an old Shiva temple that was built in 1844. A fair is held here every year on the eve of Ramnavami.
Deopar village is situated right next to the PUSA Agriculture University and is about 30 km from Muzaffarpur. Deopar is the birthplace of the famous freedom fighter from Bihar- Pandit Yamuna Karjee.
It is situated at a distance of 14 km from Hasanpur block of Samastipur near Dudhpura. Dudhpura is the nickname of ancient Budhpura, named after Lord Buddha who preached Buddhism there. He stayed there at the request of King Mangaldeo. Remains of his fort have been discovered here.
It is an old Shiva temple in Bibhutipur village situated about 15 km from Narhan Railway station. There is also a magnificent old Building of Narhan Estate, which has been very prominent in this area since the Mughal period. One Jageshwari Devi, daughter of Bhaw Mishra, the Vaidya of Narhan Estate, as it is said, constructed the temple.
It is situated 8 km from Samastipur main town on NH28. This place is very famous for its Muharram and Durga Puja Celebration.& sadar bazar is the finest market in musrigharari evrything available in this markte there oldest watch shop The time house Musrigharari is also known as junction between Patori, Tajpur, Baruni, Samastipur, Patna, Bhagalpur, to Bengal, Jharkhand north east etc.Rupauli is a village and it is situated beside of the NH-28.
Dalsingsarai is a sub-division of Samastipur district,connected by NH-28 (Guwahati-Raxaul) & main railway line East Central Railway (Barauni-Samastipur) passing through town. The sweet dish called raskadam is popular in Dalsinghsarai, Karela.
It is situated at a distance of about 500 meters from Musrighrari main market beside of NH 28. Bakhribuzurg is rich in agriculture, because of its fertile plain. Tobacco, maize, rice and wheat are the main crops.
It is situated about 6km south east from main town samastipur. This is one of the progressive village in this district, here people depends mainly on Agriculture.
Samastipur is well connected by trains and buses. Situated 90 km from Patna, it is well connected to New Delhi
New Delhi is the capital city of India. It serves as the centre of the Government of India and the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. New Delhi is situated within the metropolis of Delhi. It is one of the nine districts of Delhi Union Territory. The total area of the city is...
and Howrah, Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...
and all over India by trains. The nearest airport is Patna.