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Resin soap

Resin soap

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Encyclopedia
Resin soap is a mix of salts (usually sodium) of resin acid
Resin acid
Resin acids usually refers to mixtures primarily. Abietic acid is the main component but several related carboxylic acids. Nearly all resin acids have the same basic skeleton: three fused ring fused with the empirical formula C19H29COOH. These materials occur in rosin but also occur in fossil...

s (usually mainly abietic acid
Abietic acid
Abietic acid , an organic compound that occurs widely in trees. It is the primary component of resin acid, is the primary irritant in pine wood and resin, isolated from rosin and is the most abundant of several closely related organic acids that constitute most of rosin, the solid portion of the...

). It is a yellow gelatinous pasty soap
Soap
In chemistry, soap is a salt of a fatty acid.IUPAC. "" Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. . Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford . XML on-line corrected version: created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN...

 with use in bleach
Bleach
Bleach refers to a number of chemicals that remove color, whiten, or disinfect, often via oxidation. Common chemical bleaches include household chlorine bleach , lye, oxygen bleach , and bleaching powder...

ing and cleaning and as a compound of some varnish
Varnish
Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials. Varnish is traditionally a combination of a drying oil, a resin, and a thinner or solvent. Varnish finishes are usually glossy but may be designed to produce satin or semi-gloss...

es. It also finds use in rubber industry.

Resin soap is made by reacting resin acids in wood with sodium hydroxide, as a byproduct of the Kraft process
Kraft process
The kraft process describes a technology for conversion of wood into wood pulp consisting of almost pure cellulose fibers...

 for manufacturing wood pulp
Wood pulp
Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fibre crops or waste paper. Wood pulp is the most common raw material in papermaking.-History:...

. It is also called Kraft soap.

Acidification of the resin soap produces tall oil
Tall oil
Tall oil, also called "liquid rosin" or tallol, is a viscous yellow-black odorous liquid obtained as a by-product of the Kraft process of wood pulp manufacture when pulping mainly coniferous trees. The name originated as an anglicization of the Swedish "tallolja"...

.

Pine soap is refined from resin soap via tall oil by acidification, refining and resaponification.