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RIM-67 Standard

RIM-67 Standard

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The RIM-67 Standard ER is an extended range surface-to-air missile
Surface-to-air missile
A surface-to-air missile or ground-to-air missile is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles...

 (SAM) and anti ship missile originally developed for the United States Navy
United States Navy
The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest navies combined. The U.S...

 (USN). The RIM-67 was developed as a replacement for the RIM-8 Talos
RIM-8 Talos
The Bendix RIM-8 Talos was a long-range naval surface-to-air missile, and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. The Talos used radar beam riding for guidance to the vicinity of its target, and semiactive radar homing for terminal guidance...

, a 1950s system deployed on a variety of USN ships.

RIM-67A SM-1 Extended Range


The RIM-67A (SM-1ER Block I) was the Navy's replacement for RIM-8 Talos
RIM-8 Talos
The Bendix RIM-8 Talos was a long-range naval surface-to-air missile, and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. The Talos used radar beam riding for guidance to the vicinity of its target, and semiactive radar homing for terminal guidance...

 missile. Improved technology allowed the RIM-67 to be reduced to the size of the earlier RIM-2 Terrier
RIM-2 Terrier
The Convair RIM-2 Terrier was a two-stage medium-range naval surface-to-air missile , and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. Originally, the Terrier had a launch thrust of 23 kN , and weight of 1392 kg...

 missile. Existing ships with the Mk86 guided missile fire control system, or "Terrier" were adapted to employ the new missile in place of the older RIM-2 Terrier
RIM-2 Terrier
The Convair RIM-2 Terrier was a two-stage medium-range naval surface-to-air missile , and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. Originally, the Terrier had a launch thrust of 23 kN , and weight of 1392 kg...

 missile. Ships that switched from the RIM-2 Terrier
RIM-2 Terrier
The Convair RIM-2 Terrier was a two-stage medium-range naval surface-to-air missile , and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. Originally, the Terrier had a launch thrust of 23 kN , and weight of 1392 kg...

 to the RIM-67A were still referred to as Terrier ships even though they were equipped with the newer missile.

RIM-67 and RIM-156 SM-2 Extended Range


The second generation of Standard missile, the Standard Missile 2, was developed for the Aegis combat system, and New Threat Upgrade
New Threat Upgrade
-The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

 program that was planned for existing Terrier and Tartar ships. The principle change over the Standard missile 1 is the introduction of inertial guidance for each phase of the missile's flight except the terminal phase where semi-active homing was retained. This design change was made so that missiles could time share illumination radars and enable equipped ships to defend against saturation missile attacks.

Terrier ships reequipped as part of the New Threat Upgrade were refit to operate the RIM-67B (SM-2ER Block II) missile. However, Aegis ships were not equipped with launchers that had space enough for the longer RIM-67B.

The RIM-156A Standard SM-2ER Block IV with the Mk 72 booster was developed to compensate for the lack of a long range SAM for the Ticonderoga-class of Aegis cruisers. This configuration can also be used for Terminal phase Ballistic Missile Defense.

There was a plan to build a nuclear armed standard missile mounting a W81 nuclear warhead
W81
The W81 thermonuclear warhead was a planned US warhead to be mounted on the SM-2 surface to air missile used by the US Navy. The W81 was a design derivative of the B61 nuclear bomb as many other modern US warhead designs are...

 as a replacement for the earlier Nuclear Terrier missile (RIM-2D). The USN rescinded the requirement for the nuclear armed missile in the 1980s, and the project was canceled.

The Standard can also be used against ships, either at line-of-sight range using its semi-active homing mode, or over the horizon using inertial guidance and terminal infrared homing.

A new generation of Standard extended range missiles is expected to become operational in 2011. This missile is covered in a separate article. Please see RIM-174 Standard ERAM for details.

Operational history


During the Iran–Iraq War (1980-1988) the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 had deployed Standard missiles to protect its navy, as well as other ships in the Persian Gulf from the threat of Iranian attacks. According to the Iranian Air Force, its F-4 Phantom II
F-4 Phantom II
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engined, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor fighter/fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft. It first entered service in 1960 with the U.S. Navy. Proving highly adaptable,...

s were engaged by SM-2ERs but managed to evade them, with one aircraft sustaining non-fatal damage due to shrapnel.

On April 18, 1988, during Operation Praying Mantis
Operation Praying Mantis
Operation Praying Mantis was an attack on April 18, 1988, by U.S. naval forces within Iranian territorial waters in retaliation for the Iranian mining of the Persian Gulf during the Iran Iraq war and the subsequent damage to an American warship....

, the fired four RIM-66 Standard missiles and the fired two RIM-67 Standard missiles at Joshan
Joshan
Joshan has been the name of a number of Iranian naval vessels.The latest Joshan is P225, an Iranian fast attack/patrol missile boat claimed by the Iranian government as one of the best PT boats in the world...

, an Iranian (Combattante II) Kaman-class fast attack craft. The attacks destroyed the Iranian ship's superstructure but did not immediately sink it, although it did subsequently go down.

Deployment


RIM-67 Standard was deployed on ships of the following classes, replacing the RIM-2 Terrier, and it never was VLS-capable. All of the ships used the AN/SPG-55
AN/SPG-55
The AN/SPG-55 was a tracking / illumination radar for Terrier and RIM-67 Standard missiles . It was used for target tracking and Surface-to-air missile guidance on numerous ships including s,s, s and Farragut class destroyers. It was also used on the nuclear powered single units , and...

 for guidance. The Mk10 guided missile launching system was used as the launching system. New Threat Upgrade equipped vessels operated the RIM-67B which used inertial guidance for every phase of the intercept except for the terminal phase where the AN/SPG-55
AN/SPG-55
The AN/SPG-55 was a tracking / illumination radar for Terrier and RIM-67 Standard missiles . It was used for target tracking and Surface-to-air missile guidance on numerous ships including s,s, s and Farragut class destroyers. It was also used on the nuclear powered single units , and...

 radar illuminates the target.
SM-1ER later SM-2ER with NTU
New Threat Upgrade
-The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

.
  • Farragut class destroyer
    Farragut class destroyer (1958)
    The Farragut class was the second destroyer class of the United States Navy to be named for Admiral David Glasgow Farragut. The class is sometimes referred to as the Coontz class, since Coontz was first to be designed and built as a guided missile ship, whereas the previous three ships were...

    s SM-1ER later SM-2ER (DDG-42 with NTU
    New Threat Upgrade
    -The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

    ).
  • Leahy class cruiser
    Leahy class cruiser
    Leahy class cruisers were a class of guided missile cruisers built for the United States Navy. They were originally designated as DLG destroyers, but in the 1975 cruiser realignment, they were reclassified as guided missile cruisers .-Description:...

    s SM-1ER later SM-2ER with NTU
    New Threat Upgrade
    -The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

    . SM-1ER later SM-2ER with NTU
    New Threat Upgrade
    -The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

    .
  • Belknap class cruiser
    Belknap class cruiser
    The Belknap class cruiser was a class of single-ended guided missile cruisers built for the United States Navy during the 1960s...

    s SM-1ER later SM-2ER with NTU
    New Threat Upgrade
    -The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

    . SM-1ER later SM-2ER with NTU
    New Threat Upgrade
    -The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

    .


The RIM-156 Standard Block IV, is a version that has been developed for Aegis Combat System
Aegis combat system
The Aegis Combat System is an integrated naval weapons system developed by the Missile and Surface Radar Division of RCA, and now produced by Lockheed Martin...

 it has a smaller compact sized booster stage for firing from the Mk41 Guided missile launch system. Like the earlier RIM-67B it employs inertial/command guidance with terminal semi-active homing.
  • Ticonderoga class cruiser
    Ticonderoga class cruiser
    The Ticonderoga class of missile cruisers is a class of warships in the United States Navy, first ordered and authorized in FY 1978. The class uses phased-array radar and was originally planned as a class of destroyers...

    s (VLS units only)
  • Arleigh Burke class destroyer
    Arleigh Burke class destroyer
    The Arleigh Burke class of guided missile destroyers is the United States Navy's first class of destroyer built around the Aegis combat system and the SPY-1D multi-function phased array radar. The class is named for Admiral Arleigh "31-Knot" Burke, the most famous American destroyer officer of...

    s


The last vessel to operate the RIM-67 was the Italian cruiser Vittorio Veneto (550) which was retired in 2003. The RIM-156A is still in service as of 2010. The RIM-174 Standard ERAM or Standard Missile Six is entering service as its replacement.

Surface to air variants


Designation
Joint Electronics Type Designation System
The Joint Electronics Type Designation System , which was previously known as the Joint Army-Navy Nomenclature System and the Joint Communications-Electronics Nomenclature System, is a method developed by the U.S. War Department during World War II for assigning an unclassified designator to...

Block Notes
RIM-67A SM-1ER Block I Terrier
RIM-2 Terrier
The Convair RIM-2 Terrier was a two-stage medium-range naval surface-to-air missile , and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. Originally, the Terrier had a launch thrust of 23 kN , and weight of 1392 kg...

 Upgrade
  • Essentially identical to the corresponding SM-1MR missile, except for the propulsion
  • Atlantic Research Corp. MK 30 solid-fuel rocket sustainer motor
  • Hercules MK 12 booster
  • MK 51 continuous-rod warhead
RIM-67B SM-2ER Block I New Threat Upgrade
New Threat Upgrade
-The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

. Entered service in 1980.
  • Inertial Guidance System
  • Monopulse seeker for terminal homing
  • RIM-67C SM-2ER Block II New Threat Upgrade
    New Threat Upgrade
    -The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

  • Introduced MK 70 booster, almost doubling the effective range
  • MK 115 blast-fragmentation warhead
  • RIM-67D SM-2ER Block III New Threat Upgrade
    New Threat Upgrade
    -The Program:New Threat Upgrade was a program to improve the anti-aircraft capability of Terrier and Tartar ships. It allowed the full use of newer Standard missiles and improved the interoperability of the radar and computer systems aboard the ships...

  • MK 30 MOD 4 sustainer engine
  • MK 45 MOD 8 proximity fuze (also known as TDD - Target Detection Device)
  • RIM-156A
    (ex-RIM-67E)
    SM-2ER Block IV Designed for Aegis VLS
    Aegis combat system
    The Aegis Combat System is an integrated naval weapons system developed by the Missile and Surface Radar Division of RCA, and now produced by Lockheed Martin...

     ships. Initial Operational Capability was declared in August 1999.
    • Finless MK 72 booster that uses thrust-vectoring control
    • MK 45 MOD 10 TDD, for improved performance against high-performance, low-RCS threats
    • Guidance and control modifications for better performance in severe ECM environments
    • A developmental step toward the Navy Area Theater Ballistic Missile Defense (NATBMD) missile
    RIM-156B SM-2ER Block IVA Designed for modified Aegis VLS ships capable of tracking both TBM's
    Theatre ballistic missile
    A theatre ballistic missile is any ballistic missile with a range between and , used against targets "in-theatre". Its range is thus between that of tactical and intercontinental ballistic missiles. The term is a relatively new one, encompassing the former categories of short-range ballistic...

     and aircrafts.
  • Dual-mode RF/IIR (Radio Frequency/Imaging Infrared) seeker
  • Upgraded MK 125 warhead package
  • Enhanced autopilot for the anti-TBM mission

  • Cancelled as a part of the whole NATBMD program in December 2001.

    See also

    • RIM-2 Terrier
      RIM-2 Terrier
      The Convair RIM-2 Terrier was a two-stage medium-range naval surface-to-air missile , and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. Originally, the Terrier had a launch thrust of 23 kN , and weight of 1392 kg...

       - predecessor
    • RIM-8 Talos
      RIM-8 Talos
      The Bendix RIM-8 Talos was a long-range naval surface-to-air missile, and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships. The Talos used radar beam riding for guidance to the vicinity of its target, and semiactive radar homing for terminal guidance...

       - predecessor
    • RIM-24 Tartar
      RIM-24 Tartar
      The General Dynamics RIM-24 Tartar was a medium-range naval surface-to-air missile , and was among the earliest surface-to-air missiles to equip United States Navy ships...

    • AGM-78 Standard ARM
      AGM-78 Standard ARM
      The AGM-78 Standard ARM was an anti-radiation missile developed by General Dynamics, United States of America.-Overview:Originally developed for the US Navy during the late 1960s, the AGM-78 was created in large part because of the limitations of the AGM-45 Shrike, which suffered from a small...

    • RIM-66 Standard Medium Range
      RIM-66 Standard
      The RIM-66 Standard MR is a medium range surface-to-air missile originally developed for the United States Navy . The SM-1 was developed as a replacement for the RIM-2 Terrier and RIM-24 Tartar that were deployed in the 1950s on a variety of USN ships...

    • RIM-161 Standard SM-3
    • RIM-174 Standard ERAM

    External links