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Port Credit, Ontario

Port Credit, Ontario

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Port Credit is found at the mouth of the Credit River
Credit River
The Credit River is a river in southern Ontario which flows from headwaters above the Niagara Escarpment to empty into Lake Ontario at Port Credit, Mississauga. It drains an area of approximately 1,000 km²...

 on the north shore of Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is bounded on the north and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, and on the south by the American state of New York. Ontario, Canada's most populous province, was named for the lake. In the Wyandot language, ontarío means...

, within the southcentral area of the city of Mississauga. Port Credit's boundaries are the Queen Elizabeth Way
Queen Elizabeth Way
The Queen Elizabeth Way, commonly abbreviated as the QEW, is a 400-Series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The freeway links Buffalo, New York and the Niagara Peninsula with Toronto. It begins at the Peace Bridge in Fort Erie and travels around the western shore of Lake Ontario, ending...

 to the north, Seneca Avenue and the western edge of the Adamson Estate
Adamson Estate
The Adamson Estate, which forms the eastern boundary of Port Credit, Ontario, was purchased from the family of Agar Adamson by the City of Mississauga, Ontario in 1974 upon the urging of the local ratepayers group known as Project H21 after a proposed real estate development which would have...

 (Royal Conservatory School, Misissauga site) to the east and Godfrey's Lane and the townhouse complex located on the west side of Shawnmarr Road to the west.

History




The name "Port Credit" came from its roots as a trading post
Trading post
A trading post was a place or establishment in historic Northern America where the trading of goods took place. The preferred travel route to a trading post or between trading posts, was known as a trade route....

 where goods were traded or bought on credit. The earliest reference is on a map drawn in 1757 by La Broquerie at Fort Frontenac
Fort Frontenac
Fort Frontenac was a French trading post and military fort built in 1673 in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. It was positioned at the mouth of the Cataraqui River where the St. Lawrence River leaves Lake Ontario , in a location traditionally known as Cataraqui...

, a fort built by the French
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 at the mouth of the Cataraqui River
Cataraqui River
The Cataraqui River forms the lower portion of the Rideau Canal and drains into Lake Ontario at Kingston, Ontario. It is also known as the Great Cataraqui River or the Greater Cataraqui River to distinguish it from the smaller Little Cataraqui Creek, 4.5 km to the west...

, the site of the city of Kingston
Kingston, Ontario
Kingston, Ontario is a Canadian city located in Eastern Ontario where the St. Lawrence River flows out of Lake Ontario. Originally a First Nations settlement called "Katarowki," , growing European exploration in the 17th Century made it an important trading post...

.The story of Port Credit is told in the book, "Port Credit, A Glimpse of Other Days" by Verna Mae Weeks, self published.

The heart of Port Credit is its harbour at the mouth of the Credit River.
Once a working fishing
Fishing
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch wild fish. Fish are normally caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping....

 port and a regional trading centre for grain and other agricultural products, the Port Credit Harbour has seen many roles in the community. A lighthouse was built in 1882 to serve the sailors on Lake Ontario. It served until 1918 and remained standing until destroyed by fire in 1936.

The first permanent structure to be built in the village was the Government Inn (1798–1861), once located on the east bank of the River. Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe
John Graves Simcoe
John Graves Simcoe was a British army officer and the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791–1796. Then frontier, this was modern-day southern Ontario and the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior...

 had ordered construction of the Inn to serve as a way station for travellers by land and lake, and it was leased to a succession of residents until its destruction by fire. The village plan was laid out in 1834 and for several years, Port Credit was a thriving harbour community. It acquired the status of "police village
Police village
A police village was a form of municipal government used in the province of Ontario, Canada, beginning in the early 19th century. It was used in cases where the finances or population of the area did not permit the creation of a village....

" in 1909, town
Town
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size a settlement must be in order to be called a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world, so that, for example, many American "small towns" seem to British people to be no more than villages, while...

 status in 1961.

The port was supplanted as a trading centre for shipping by the coming of the railway, but it has always changed with the times. Later in the 19th century, it became known for its stonehooking trade. For years, a unique craft called a "stonehooker" plied the waters of Lake Ontario, near the shore, collecting stones for use in local building trades. Other industries such as the St. Lawrence Starch Works (1889–1989) http://www5.mississauga.ca/heritage/new/stlawrence.htm and the Port Credit Brick Yard (1891–1927) provided employment for many local residents. In 1932 L.B.Lloyd built an oil refinery
Oil refinery
An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas...

 on the old brick yard site and operated by a succession of operators culminating in its purchase by a division of Texaco
Texaco
Texaco is the name of an American oil retail brand. Its flagship product is its fuel "Texaco with Techron". It also owns the Havoline motor oil brand....

 who operated it until its closing in 1985, when Texaco opened a new much larger facility at Nanticoke
Nanticoke, Ontario
Nanticoke is an unincorporated community and former city located on the western border of Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada. It is southeast of Simcoe in neighbouring Norfolk County and south of Brantford...

 on Lake Erie
Lake Erie
Lake Erie is the fourth largest lake of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the tenth largest globally. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time. It is bounded on the north by the...

.
http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/residents/allhistoricimages?paf_gear_id=13400033&imageId=51600029&index=2462&returnUrl=%2Fportal%2Fresidents%2Fallhistoricimages%3Fstart%3D2461 The only remnant is the gas station on the south west corner of Lakeshore and Mississauga Roads. Even the Texaco name is gone as Esso
Imperial Oil
Imperial Oil Limited is Canada's largest petroleum company. The company is engaged in the exploration, production and sale of crude oil and natural gas. It is controlled by US based ExxonMobil, which owns 69.6% of its stock...

 purchased all the Canadian assets of Texaco in 1989.

Important to the war effort
War effort
In politics and military planning, a war effort refers to a coordinated mobilization of society's resources—both industrial and human—towards the support of a military force...

, was the large munitions factory in Port Credit staffed almost exclusively by women from around the country. http://www.thestar.com/news/ontario/article/778854--ontario-honours-women-who-won-the-war
Actually, the Canadian Small Arms plant was at the east end of Lakeview, next to Long Branch, and long way from Port Credit.

The Credit River was an impediment for land travel along the lake. Roads were often privately built, the earliest being made simply by putting logs across the road to prevent the narrow wheeled carts and buggies from sinking into the mud. Early bridges were hard to imagine. A succession of bridges were built, becoming more robust bridges as the village grew in importance.
Starting early in the 20th century, particularly after the paving of the Lakeshore Highway
Lakeshore Road
Lakeshore Road is an arterial road that follows the northern shoreline of Lake Ontario between the cities of Toronto and Hamilton in the Canadian province of Ontario. In 1917 it became the longest intercity stretch of concrete road in the world upon its completion, as well as the first concrete...

 in 1915, Port Credit had become an attractive location for business, travelers and people wishing to leave the city of Toronto in summer.

In 1960 the Don Rowing Club moved to the banks of the Credit River, building both a number of buildings over the years as well as many champion Canadian rowers and scullers.

Port Credit did not amalgamate with its neighbouring settlements in southern Peel County
Peel County, Ontario
Peel County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1851 from a portion of York County. In 1973, Peel County became the Regional Municipality of Peel, as a result of the Ontario provincial government's regionalization of the rapidly developing counties...

 when the Town of Mississauga was created from the former Toronto Township in 1968. Port Credit maintained its independence until the City of Mississauga was incorporated in 1974.

Today the harbour has been redeveloped into a marina
Marina
A marina is a dock or basin with moorings and supplies for yachts and small boats.A marina differs from a port in that a marina does not handle large passenger ships or cargo from freighters....

 on the east bank and a charter fishing centre and public boat launch facility on the west bank under the lighthouse
Lighthouse
A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses or, in older times, from a fire, and used as an aid to navigation for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways....

. Formerly the home of the Port Credit Yacht Club, it is now the heart of a tourist and recreation centre. Port Credit Harbour Marina is the largest public marina in the region.
The RIDGETOWN (launched June 24, 1905 as WILLIAM E. COREY, a Lake Bulk freighter) has been a signature structure of Port Credit since June 21, 1974, when she was loaded with stone and, with her cabins and stack still in place, sunk as a breakwater
Breakwater (structure)
Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal defence or to protect an anchorage from the effects of weather and longshore drift.-Purposes of breakwaters:...

 for the Port Credit Harbour. She remains on guard there today.

The tallest structure in Port Credit used to be a 320 feet (97.5 m) smokestack at the St Lawrence Starch plant which has since been demolished. The felling of the stack drew a very large crowd numbering in the hundreds. The stack falling marked the change of Port Credit into a residential area from the former industrial hub. The status as prime Port Credit landmark for the boaters on Lake Ontario has been taken by apartment and condominium buildings.

The Community



Life in Port Credit has always focused on community. One enduring example is Port Credit Arena built by community activists. The Port Credit arena was constructed between September 10, 1958 and the official opening on October 4, 1959. Built for $360,000, it is the second covered arena in the current city of Mississauga, the first public arena built, and is the oldest surviving arena in the city. The Arena has been home to countless sporting and social events, a well loved landmark and symbol of community spirit. It is the home of the Port Credit Storm hockey teams.

Another example of the community spirit is the replica of Port Credit's lighthouse. Built by the Lions Club of Credit Valley atop a sewage pumping station, it now acts a symbol of Port Credit, is the home of the local BIA and Tourist Bureau and the logo for many local organizations.

Tourism


With the closing of the St Lawrence Starch Plant in 1990, Port Credit has evolved from an industrial centre into a hub for commerce and tourism.

Port Credit is commonly referred to as Mississauga's "Village on the Lake" along Lake Ontario. The area hosts several festivals and events, notably:
  • Waterfront Festival which occurs at the end of June
  • The Port Credit In-Water Boat Show. An annual event, to be held August 26–28, 2011 in the Port Credit Harbour Marina. Ontario's largest in-water boat show, featuring both new and used power and sailboats. Land displays of marine services and equipment. Seminar tent. Great fun for the whole family. portcreditboatshow.ca http://www.portcreditboatshow.ca
  • Southside Shuffle, an annual three day Blues
    Blues
    Blues is the name given to both a musical form and a music genre that originated in African-American communities of primarily the "Deep South" of the United States at the end of the 19th century from spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts and chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads...

     and Jazz
    Jazz
    Jazz is a musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States. It was born out of a mix of African and European music traditions. From its early development until the present, jazz has incorporated music from 19th and 20th...

     festival in September, featuring over one hundred acts, founded in 1999 by Chuck Jackson
    Chuck Jackson (Canadian musician)
    Chuck Jackson is the Canadian lead singer and one of two harmonica players in the Downchild Blues Band, otherwise known as Downchild, with which he has been associated since 1990.-Biography:...

    , Port Credit native and longtime lead singer of the Downchild Blues Band
    Downchild Blues Band
    The Downchild Blues Band is a Canadian blues band, described by one reviewer as "the premier blues band in Canada". The band is still commonly known as the Downchild Blues Band, though the actual band name was shortened to "Downchild" as of the early 1980s....

  • 2010 marks the 175th Anniversary of Port Credit and a year long series of events are occurring celebrating Port Credit's rich and varied history.


Port Credit has numerous shops and restaurants lining Lakeshore Road
Lakeshore Road
Lakeshore Road is an arterial road that follows the northern shoreline of Lake Ontario between the cities of Toronto and Hamilton in the Canadian province of Ontario. In 1917 it became the longest intercity stretch of concrete road in the world upon its completion, as well as the first concrete...

, in addition to lakeside parks, family neighbourhoods, condominiums and apartments.

Transportation


Port Credit has always benefited from access to good transportation, from the canoe, to lake schooners, railways and roads.

It started as a bustling shipping centre in 1834 with harbour improvements paid for by the government. This reputation was bolstered by the arrival in 1855 of a branch of the Great Western Railway.

Lakeshore Road, formerly Highway 2
Highway 2 (Ontario)
King's Highway 2, usually referred to simply as Highway 2 is a provincially maintained highway in Ontario. Once the primary east–west route across the southern end of the province, Highway 2 became mostly redundant in the 1960s following the completion of Highway 401, which more or less...

, runs along the lake and Hurontario Street, formerly Highway 10
Highway 10 (Ontario)
King's Highway 10, commonly referred to as Highway 10 and historically as the Toronto–Sydenham Road, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario...

, runs northwest to downtown Mississauga and Brampton.

Port Credit had access to the nearby Queen Elizabeth Way from the upgrading of the old Middle Road from Highway 27 to Highway 10 to a divided highway in 1931.

Over the years the railway has expanded to three tracks and is an important rail corridor, its prime importance to Port Credit is the GO Train service carrying residents to and from Toronto. The majority of the residences are within walking distance of the Port Credit GO Station just north of the intersection of Lakeshore and Hurontario Street
Hurontario Street
Hurontario Street is a roadway running in Ontario, Canada between Lake Ontario at Mississauga and Lake Huron's Georgian Bay at Collingwood.Within the cities of Mississauga and Brampton, it is a major urban thoroughfare. Between Caledon and Orangeville, it is part of busy Highway 10, which leaves...

. This transportation hub of Southern Mississauga, linking both the city's bus system
Mississauga Transit
MiWay , is a public transport agency serving Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. The city's Transportation and Works department is in charge of its operation....

 and GO Transit
GO Transit
GO Transit is an inter-regional public transit system in Southern Ontario, Canada. It primarily serves the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area conurbation, with operations extending to several communities beyond the GTHA proper in the Greater Golden Horseshoe...

, is a busy place for rush-hour commuters during the weekday peak hours.

Waterfront Trail


Port Credit's many waterfront parks are attractive additions and rest points on the Waterfront Trail.

Notable people


Port Credit was the birthplace or home of many accomplished or well-known people, including:
  • Anthony Adamson
    Anthony Adamson
    Anthony Patrick Cawthra Adamson, was a Canadian architect, author, teacher, and municipal politician...

    , architect, educator, descendant of the Adamson family
    Adamson Estate
    The Adamson Estate, which forms the eastern boundary of Port Credit, Ontario, was purchased from the family of Agar Adamson by the City of Mississauga, Ontario in 1974 upon the urging of the local ratepayers group known as Project H21 after a proposed real estate development which would have...

  • Jill Barber
    Jill Barber
    Jill Barber is a Canadian singer-songwriter formerly based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, now based in Vancouver, British Columbia.-Biography:Born and raised in Toronto, she is sister to singer-songwriter Matthew Barber...

    , musician
  • Matthew Barber
    Matthew Barber
    Matthew Barber is a Canadian singer-songwriter. His music has been classified as indie pop and pop rock with folk and alternative country influences....

    , musician
  • Don Biederman
    Don Biederman
    Don Biederman was a Canadian stock car racer from Port Credit, Ontario.Since his passing, Biederman has been inducted into the Canadian Motorsport Hall of Fame. He even has a memorial race held in his honor annually called "The Don Beiderman Memorial." This race is operated under the OSCAAR...

    , former NASCAR
    NASCAR
    The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing is a family-owned and -operated business venture that sanctions and governs multiple auto racing sports events. It was founded by Bill France Sr. in 1947–48. As of 2009, the CEO for the company is Brian France, grandson of the late Bill France Sr...

     Grand National race car driver
  • Dave Hilton Jr., professional boxer
    Boxing
    Boxing, also called pugilism, is a combat sport in which two people fight each other using their fists. Boxing is supervised by a referee over a series of between one to three minute intervals called rounds...

  • Winnie Roach Leuszler, first Canadian to cross the English Channel
    English Channel
    The English Channel , often referred to simply as the Channel, is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates southern England from northern France, and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. It is about long and varies in width from at its widest to in the Strait of Dover...

  • Christian Potenza
    Christian Potenza
    Christian Potenza is a Canadian actor born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.- Biography :He has been in television since 1997, when he first appeared in the television series Riverdale as the character Jimmy....

    , actor
  • Tom Roberts - Artist
  • Kyle Schmid
    Kyle Schmid
    Kyle Schmid is a Canadian actor who starred as Henry Fitzroy in Lifetime's series Blood Ties. He has also guest starred in a number of television series including Degrassi: The Next Generation, Odyssey 5, The Zack Files and CSI: Miami.In addition he has also appeared in a number of films like The...

    , actor
  • Matt Stajan
    Matt Stajan
    Matthew Stajan is a Canadian professional ice hockey centre currently playing for the Calgary Flames of the National Hockey League . Matthew is of Slovenian descent and holds dual citizenship of Canada and Slovenia.-Hockey career:...

    , professional ice hockey
    Ice hockey
    Ice hockey, often referred to as hockey, is a team sport played on ice, in which skaters use wooden or composite sticks to shoot a hard rubber puck into their opponent's net. The game is played between two teams of six players each. Five members of each team skate up and down the ice trying to take...

     player
  • Michael Young
    Michael Young (bobsleigh)
    Michael Young was a Canadian bobsledder who competed in the 1960s. He won two medals at the 1965 FIBT World Championships in St...

    , Olympic
    Olympic Games
    The Olympic Games is a major international event featuring summer and winter sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games have come to be regarded as the world’s foremost sports competition where more than 200 nations participate...

     bobsled
    Bobsleigh
    Bobsleigh or bobsled is a winter sport in which teams of two or four make timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked, iced tracks in a gravity-powered sled that are combined to calculate the final score....

    der
  • Karla Homolka
    Karla Homolka
    Karla Leanne Homolka, also known as Karla Leanne Teale , is a Canadian serial killer. She attracted worldwide media attention when she was convicted of manslaughter following a plea bargain in the 1991 and 1992 rape-murders of two Ontario teenage girls, Leslie Mahaffy and Kristen French, as well as...

    , serial killer


External links