No-go theorem

No-go theorem

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In theoretical physics
Theoretical physics
Theoretical physics is a branch of physics which employs mathematical models and abstractions of physics to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena...

, a no-go theorem is a theorem
Theorem
In mathematics, a theorem is a statement that has been proven on the basis of previously established statements, such as other theorems, and previously accepted statements, such as axioms...

 that states that a particular situation is not physically possible.

Examples of no-go theorems

  • Bell's theorem
    Bell's theorem
    In theoretical physics, Bell's theorem is a no-go theorem, loosely stating that:The theorem has great importance for physics and the philosophy of science, as it implies that quantum physics must necessarily violate either the principle of locality or counterfactual definiteness...

  • Coleman–Mandula theorem
  • Haag-Lopuszanski-Sohnius theorem
    Haag-Lopuszanski-Sohnius theorem
    In theoretical physics, the Haag–Lopuszanski–Sohnius theorem shows that the possible symmetries of a consistent 4-dimensional quantum field theory do not only consist of internal symmetries and Poincaré symmetry, but can also include supersymmetry as a nontrivial extension of the Poincaré algebra...

  • Earnshaw's theorem
    Earnshaw's theorem
    Earnshaw's theorem states that a collection of point charges cannot be maintained in a stable stationary equilibrium configuration solely by the electrostatic interaction of the charges. This was first proven by British mathematician Samuel Earnshaw in 1842. It is usually referenced to magnetic...

  • Heisenberg uncertainty principle
    Uncertainty principle
    In quantum mechanics, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle states a fundamental limit on the accuracy with which certain pairs of physical properties of a particle, such as position and momentum, can be simultaneously known...

  • Weinberg-Witten theorem
  • Antidynamo theorem
    Antidynamo theorem
    In physics and in particular in the theory of magnetism, an antidynamo theorem is one of several results that restrict the type of magnetic fields that may be produced by dynamo action....

    s (e.g. Cowling's Theorem)
  • No-communication theorem
    No-communication theorem
    In quantum information theory, a no-communication theorem is a result which gives conditions under which instantaneous transfer of information between two observers is impossible. These results can be applied to understand the so-called paradoxes in quantum mechanics such as the EPR paradox or...

  • No-teleportation theorem
  • No-cloning theorem
  • No-broadcast theorem
    No-broadcast theorem
    The no-broadcast theorem is a result in quantum information theory. In the case of pure quantum states, it is a corollary of the no-cloning theorem: since quantum states cannot be copied in general, they cannot be broadcast...