National Security Council

National Security Council

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A National Security Council (NSC) is usually an executive branch government
Government
Government refers to the legislators, administrators, and arbitrators in the administrative bureaucracy who control a state at a given time, and to the system of government by which they are organized...

al body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising chief executives on matters related to national security
National security
National security is the requirement to maintain the survival of the state through the use of economic, diplomacy, power projection and political power. The concept developed mostly in the United States of America after World War II...

. An NSC is often headed by a national security advisor and staffed with senior-level officials from military, diplomatic, intelligence, law enforcement and other governmental bodies. The functions and responsibilities of an NSC at the strategic state level
Sovereign state
A sovereign state, or simply, state, is a state with a defined territory on which it exercises internal and external sovereignty, a permanent population, a government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states. It is also normally understood to be a state which is neither...

 are different from those of the United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
The United Nations Security Council is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers, outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of...

, which is more of a diplomatic
Diplomacy
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of groups or states...

 forum.

Occasionally a nation will be ruled by a similarly named body, such as "the National Security Committee" or "Council for National Security". These bodies are often a result of the establishment or preservation of a military dictatorship
Military dictatorship
A military dictatorship is a form of government where in the political power resides with the military. It is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military....

 (or some other national crisis), do not always have statutory approval, and are usually intended to have transitory or provisional powers. See also: coup d'état
Coup d'état
A coup d'état state, literally: strike/blow of state)—also known as a coup, putsch, and overthrow—is the sudden, extrajudicial deposition of a government, usually by a small group of the existing state establishment—typically the military—to replace the deposed government with another body; either...

.

NSCs by country

  • Brazil: National Defense Council
    National Defense Council (Brazil)
    The National Defense Council is a consultative body of the President of Brazil on matters of national security, foreign policy, and defence strategy. The Council was established on 29 November 1927 by President Washington Luís...

  • China, People's Republic: Central Military Commission (People's Republic of China)
  • Croatia: National Security Council (Croatia)
    National Security Council (Croatia)
    The National Security Council is the central coordinating body of the Croatian security and intelligence system, composed of the President of the Republic, the President of the Government, the Minister of Defense, the Minister of the Interior, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European...

  • East Germany: National Defense Council of East Germany
    National Defense Council of East Germany
    The National Defense Council of the German Democratic Republic was created in 1960 as the supreme state body of the GDR in charge of national defense matters, including mobilization planning...

  • Fiji: National Security Council (Fiji)
    National Security Council (Fiji)
    The National Security Council is, as its name indicates, the Republic of Fiji's National Security Council.It was established in 1990, through the Fiji Intelligence Service Decree, by the interim government which followed the 1987 coups d'état...

  • Georgia: National Security Council of Georgia
    National Security Council of Georgia
    The National Security Council of Georgia is an advisory body for the President of Georgia dealing with matters of national security. The current Secretary of the National Security Council of Georgia is Giga Bokeria.-Legal authority:...

  • Germany: Bundessicherheitsrat, prior to 1969 Bundesverteidigungsrat
  • India: National Security Council (India)
    National Security Council (India)
    The National Security Council of India is the apex agency looking into the political, economic, energy and strategic security concerns of India...

  • Iran, Islamic Republic of: Supreme National Security Council
    Supreme National Security Council
    Supreme National Security Council is the national security council of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the current secretary of which is Saeed Jalili. This institution was founded during the 1989 revision of the constitution...

  • Israel: Security Cabinet of Israel
    Security Cabinet of Israel
    The Political-Security Cabinet or The Ministers Committee on Security Affairs is a narrow forum of 'Inner Cabinet' within the Israeli Cabinet, headed by the Prime Minister of Israel, with the purpose of outlining a foreign and defense policy and implementing it...

  • Japan: Security Council
    Security Council (Japan)
    The of Japan is the nine-person national security council which advises the prime minister on national security and the military and deals with a wide spectrum of issues which indirectly affect Japan's broader interests, including basic national defense policy, the National Defense Program...

  • Malaysia: National Security Council (Malaysia)
    National Security Council (Malaysia)
    The Malaysian National Security Council is the national security council of the Malaysian Government.-History:The 13 May 1969 racial riot incident raised the awareness of various parties on the importance of in managing the difference and sensitivity that exists in a multi-racial community like...

  • Korea, North: National Defense Commission (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)
  • Pakistan: National Security Council of Pakistan
    National Security Council of Pakistan
    The Prime minister Secretariat National Security Council is a consultative body that is chaired by the President of Pakistan and Prime minister of Pakistan. It is a principal forum that is mandated for considering national security and foreign policy matters with the senior national security...

  • Philippines: National Security Council (Philippines)
    National Security Council (Philippines)
    National Security Council is the Philippine President's principal forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials.-History:Commonwealth Act No...

  • Romania: Supreme Council of National Defense (Romania)
    Supreme Council of National Defense (Romania)
    The Supreme Council of National Defense is the autonomous administrative authority in Romania, invested by the Constitution with the task of organizing coordinating, in a unitary fashion, the activities related to the defense of the country and national security.-Control:The activity of the...

  • Russian Federation: Security Council of the Russian Federation
  • Saudi Arabia: National Security Council (Saudi Arabia)
    National Security Council (Saudi Arabia)
    The Saudi National Security Council is the body in charge of coordinating Saudi Arabia's national security, intelligence and foreign policy strategy. It was established in 2005 by King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud...

  • Sri Lanka: National Security Council of Sri Lanka
  • Turkey: National Security Council (Turkey)
    National Security Council (Turkey)
    The National Security Council comprises the Chief of Staff, select members of the Council of Ministers, and the President of the Republic...

  • Ukraine: National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine
    National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine
    National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine , locally referred by its abbreviation RNBO, is an organizational state body in Ukraine tasked with developing national security policy on domestic and international matters in advising the President of Ukraine .The Council was originally created in...

  • United Kingdom: National Security Council (United Kingdom)
    National Security Council (United Kingdom)
    The National Security Council of the United Kingdom is a Cabinet Committee tasked with overseeing all issues related to national security, intelligence coordination, and defence strategy. The NSC was established on 12 May 2010 by Prime Minister David Cameron...

  • United States: United States National Security Council
    United States National Security Council
    The White House National Security Council in the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials and is part of the Executive Office of the...


See also

  • Privy council
    Privy council
    A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government. The word "privy" means "private" or "secret"; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on...

  • Council of State
    Council of State
    The Council of State is a unique governmental body in a country or subdivision thereoff, though its nature may range from the formal name for the cabinet to a non-executive advisory body surrounding a head of state. It is sometimes regarded as the equivalent of a privy council.-Modern:*Belgian...

  • Executive Council (Commonwealth countries)
    Executive Council (Commonwealth countries)
    An Executive Council in Commonwealth constitutional practice based on the Westminster system is a constitutional organ which exercises executive power and advises the governor or governor-general. Executive Councils often make decisions via Orders in Council.Executive Councillors are informally...