Moshav

Moshav

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Encyclopedia
Moshav is a type of Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

i town or settlement, in particular a type of cooperative
Cooperative
A cooperative is a business organization owned and operated by a group of individuals for their mutual benefit...

 agricultural community
Community
The term community has two distinct meanings:*a group of interacting people, possibly living in close proximity, and often refers to a group that shares some common values, and is attributed with social cohesion within a shared geographical location, generally in social units larger than a household...

 of individual farms pioneer
Settler
A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established permanent residence there, often to colonize the area. Settlers are generally people who take up residence on land and cultivate it, as opposed to nomads...

ed by the Labour Zionist
Labor Zionism
Labor Zionism can be described as the major stream of the left wing of the Zionist movement. It was, for many years, the most significant tendency among Zionists and Zionist organizational structure...

s during the second aliyah
Aliyah
Aliyah is the immigration of Jews to the Land of Israel . It is a basic tenet of Zionist ideology. The opposite action, emigration from Israel, is referred to as yerida . The return to the Holy Land has been a Jewish aspiration since the Babylonian exile...

(wave of Jewish immigration during the early 20th century). A resident or a member of a moshav can be called a "moshavnik" (מוֹשַׁבְנִיק).

The moshavim are similar to kibbutzim with an emphasis on community labor. They were designed as part of the Zionist state-building program following the Yishuv
Yishuv
The Yishuv or Ha-Yishuv is the term referring to the body of Jewish residents in Palestine before the establishment of the State of Israel...

 ("settlement") in the British Mandate of Palestine during the 20th century, but contrary to the collective
Collective farming
Collective farming and communal farming are types of agricultural production in which the holdings of several farmers are run as a joint enterprise...

 kibbutzim, farms in a moshav tended to be individually owned but of fixed and equal size. Workers produced crops
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

 and goods on their properties through individual and/or pooled labour and resources
Natural resource
Natural resources occur naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by mankind, in a natural form. A natural resource is often characterized by amounts of biodiversity and geodiversity existent in various ecosystems....

 and used profit
Profit (economics)
In economics, the term profit has two related but distinct meanings. Normal profit represents the total opportunity costs of a venture to an entrepreneur or investor, whilst economic profit In economics, the term profit has two related but distinct meanings. Normal profit represents the total...

 and foodstuffs to provide for themselves. Moshavim are governed by an elected council . Support of the community was done through a special tax . This tax was equal for all households of the community, thus creating a system where good farmers were better off than bad ones, unlike in the communal kibbutzim where (at least theoretically) all members enjoyed the same living standard. Many moshavim still exist today.

Different types


There are several variants, of which the most common are:
  • Moshav ovdim , a workers cooperative settlement. This is the more numerous (405) type and relies on cooperative purchasing of supplies and marketing of produce; the family or household is, however, the basic unit of production and consumption.
  • Moshav shitufi
    Moshav shitufi
    A Moshav shitufi is a type of cooperative village in Israel whose organizational principles place it between the kibbutz and the moshav on the scale of cooperation...

    , a collective smallholder's settlement that combines the economic features of a kibbutz with the social features of a moshav. Farming is done collectively and profits are shared equally. This form is closer to the collectivity of the kibbutz: although consumption is family- or household-based, production and marketing are collective. Unlike the moshav ovdim, land is not allotted to households or individuals, but is collectively worked.

History



The first moshav, Nahalal
Nahalal
-External links:** UNESCO* Jewish Agency for Israel*, "Jews made a garden" - aerial photo of Nahalal , and a girl from Girls' Agricultural Training Farm , at Google Books....

, was established in the Jezreel Valley
Jezreel Valley
-Etymology:The Jezreel Valley takes its name from the ancient city of Jezreel which was located on a low hill overlooking the southern edge of the valley, though some scholars think that the name of the city originates from the name of the clan which founded it, and whose existence is mentioned in...

 (also known as the Valley of Esdraelon) on September 11, 1921. By 1986 about 156,700 Israelis lived and worked on 448 moshavim; the great majority of these are divided among eight federations.

Because the moshav organization retained the family as the center of social life, it was much more attractive to traditional Mizrahi immigrants in the 1950s and early 1960s; they eschewed bold experiments, like communal child-rearing or equality of the sexes, practiced by the more radical communal kibbutz. These so-called "immigrants' moshav" were one of the most-used and successful forms of absorption and integration of Oriental immigrants; it allowed them a much steadier ascent into the middle class
Middle class
The middle class is any class of people in the middle of a societal hierarchy. In Weberian socio-economic terms, the middle class is the broad group of people in contemporary society who fall socio-economically between the working class and upper class....

 than did life in some development towns. For this reason, the moshav became largely a Mizrahi institution, whereas the kibbutz movement remained basically an Ashkenazi institution.

Since the 1967 war, both the moshavim and kibbutzim have relied increasingly on outside — particularly Arab — labor. Financial instabilities in the early 1980s hit many moshavim hard, as did their high birth rate and the problem of absorbing all the children who might wish to remain in the community. By the late 1980s, increasingly more moshav members became employed in non-agricultural sectors outside the community, so that some moshavim began to resemble suburban or exurban
Commuter town
A commuter town is an urban community that is primarily residential, from which most of the workforce commutes out to earn their livelihood. Many commuter towns act as suburbs of a nearby metropolis that workers travel to daily, and many suburbs are commuter towns...

 villages whose residents commute to work. In general however, moshavim never enjoyed the "political elite" status afforded to kibbutzim during the period of Labor dominance; correspondingly the moshavim did not endure the decline in prestige experienced by kibbutzim in the 1970s and 1980s, during the period of Likud
Likud
Likud is the major center-right political party in Israel. It was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin in an alliance with several right-wing and liberal parties. Likud's victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had...

 dominance starting in 1977.

List of moshavim



  • Aderet
  • Adirim
    Adirim
    Adirim , a small moshav located within the jurisdiction of the Gilboa Regional Council adjacent to Barak and Dvora.It is situated 6 km. south of Afula...

  • Amirim
    Amirim
    Amirim is a moshav in the Galilee established by vegetarians. Today 150 families live on the moshav.Amirim is located 650 m. above sea level on a hill overlooking the Sea of Galilee. It is 15 km. from Safed.-History:...

  • Amqa
    Amqa
    Amka or Amqa is a moshav in the Matte Asher Regional Council of Israel's North District, near Acre. The name Amka is thought to preserve that of Beth Ha-Emek, a city mentioned in . The location of the Jewish village roughly corresponds the former Palestinian Arab village, depopulated during the...

  • Argaman
    Argaman
    Argaman is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley eight kilometres north of the Damia Bridge with an area of 4,500 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 166...

  • Ashalim
    Ashalim
    Ashalim is a small communal settlement in southern Israel. Located in the Negev desert about 35 km south of Be'er Sheva and on the eastern side of Nahal Besor, the largest stream in the Negev, it falls under the jurisdiction of the Ramat Negev Regional Council...

  • Aviel
    Aviel
    Aviel is a small and pastoral moshav in northern Israel. It is located south of Haifa within Alona Regional Council and next to Binyamina-Giv'at Ada. It had a population of 511 in 2006....

  • Aviezer
    Aviezer
    Aviezer is a small religious moshav in central Israel. Located nine kilometres south-west of Beit Shemesh, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 546....

  • Avigdor
  • Avihayil
    Avihayil
    Avihayil is a moshav in central Israel. Located to the north-east of Netanya, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hefer Valley Regional Council. In 2007 it had a population of 1,200....

  • Avital
    Avital
    Avital is a small moshav in Gilboa, Israel that is ten kilometers south of Afula. It was founded in 1953 by immigrants from Iran, Turkey and Kurdistan who were part of the Moshavim Movement. In 2006, its population was 440....

  • Avivim
    Avivim
    Avivim , is an Israeli moshav in the far north of Israel, in the Upper Galilee. It is located less than one kilometre from the Lebanese border, and on the land of the depopulated Shiite village of Salha ....

  • Avnei Eitan
    Avnei Eitan
    Avnei Eitan , elevation above sea level, is an Israeli settlement, moshav on the Golan Heights founded after the 1973 Yom Kippur War in honor of six Israeli soldiers who had been killed in battle. A prominent landmark in the area is one of the starting points to the El Al Stream, the other being...

  • Balfouria
    Balfouria
    Balfouria is a moshav in northern Israel, south of Nazareth. Located near Afula, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 312.-History:...

  • Bedolah
    Bedolah
    Bedolah was an Israeli village, an Israeli settlement and army base in the Gush Katif settlement bloc, located in the southwest edge of the Gaza Strip...

  • Be'er Tuvia
    Be'er Tuvia
    Be'er Tuvia is a moshav in the Southern District of Israel near the city of Kiryat Malakhi. It is affiliated with the Be'er Tuvia Regional Council....

  • Beit Elazari
    Beit Elazari
    Beit Elazari is a moshav in central Israel. Located three miles south of the city of Rehovot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Brenner Regional Council. In 2008 it had a population of 1,200....

  • Beit Gamliel
    Beit Gamliel
    Beit Gamliel is a religious moshav in central Israel. Located south-east of Yavne, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Yavne Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 914....

  • Beit Hanan
    Beit Hanan
    Beit Hanan is a moshav, south of Tel Aviv, Israel, about two kilometers west of Ness Ziona. It belongs to the Moshavim Movement and Gan Raveh Regional Council...

  • Beit Hanania
    Beit Hanania
    Beit Hanania is a moshav in northern Israel. Located close to the south edge of Mount Carmel close to Zikhron Ya'akov, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof HaCarmel Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 687....

  • Beit Lehem HaGlilit, Bethlehem of Galilee
  • Beit Meir
    Beit Meir
    Beit Meir is a religious moshav in central Israel. Located in the Jerusalem hills around nine miles from Jerusalem, just off the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 546...

  • Beit Yitzhak
  • Beit Zayit
    Beit Zayit
    Beit Zayit is a moshav in Israel located seven kilometres west of Jerusalem. Beit Zayit is under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2007, it had a population of 1,300....

  • Ben Shemen
    Ben Shemen
    Ben Shemen is a moshav in central Israel. Located around four kilometres east of Lod, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modi'in Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 627....

  • Bitzaron
    Bitzaron
    Bitzaron is a moshav in the South District of Israel and part of the Be'er Tuvia Regional Council. It is located on local road 3811, between Gan Yavne and Bnei Ayish. The moshav's population is approximately 1,000, and its area is about 5,000 dunams ....

  • Beka'ot
    Beka'ot
    Beka'ot is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley with an area of 1,800 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 171...

  • Dekel
    Dekel
    Dekel , officially Dekel-Kfar Shitufi is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the Hevel Shalom area of the north-western Negev desert near the Egypt-Gaza Strip-Israel border, it falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council...

  • Dishon
    Dishon
    Dishon is a moshav in northern Israel, located along the border with Lebanon, between the towns of Kiryat Shmona and Safed. It is part of the Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council...

  • Dor (moshav)
  • Even Menachem
  • Even Sapir
    Even Sapir
    Even Sapir is a moshav on the outskirts of Jerusalem, Israel. It falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 654....

  • Ein HaBesor
    Ein HaBesor
    Ein HaBesor is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the Hevel Eshkol area of the north-western Negev desert near the border with the Gaza Strip and around a kilometre from Magen, it falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 684...

  • Ein Yahav
    Ein Yahav
    Ein Yahav is a moshav in Israel. Located in the northern Arava, 12km south of Hatzeva, it falls under the jurisdiction of the Central Arava Regional Council. It is named after Ein Yahav , southwest of the moshav...

  • Gadid
    Gadid
    Gadid was an Israeli settlement located in the middle of the Gush Katif settlement bloc whose residents were expelled in Israel's disengagement of 2005...


  • Gan HaDarom
    Gan HaDarom
    Gan HaDarom is a moshav in southern Israel. Located on the coastal plain near Ashdod, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gederot Regional Council.-History:...

  • Gan HaShomron
    Gan HaShomron
    Gan HaShomron is a moshav located north-east of Hadera , on the road to Afula, Highway 65. It is named for its location on at the foot of the Shomron mountains. It was established in the spring of 1934 by Jewish immigrants from Germany who trained as farmers in Nahalal and Ein Shemer...

  • Gan Or
    Gan Or
    Gan Or was an Israeli settlement located in the Gush Katif settlement bloc and evacuated in Israel's disengagement of 2005. On the day of its evacuation 52 families, over 320 people, lived there....

  • Gilat
    Gilat
    Gilat is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the western Negev desert between Beersheba and Ofakim, it falls under the jurisdiction of Merhavim Regional Council. In 2007 it had a population of 965.The moshav was founded in 1949 by immigrants from Tunisia...

  • Gimzo
    Gimzo
    Gimzo is a religious moshav in central Israel. Located between Lod and Modi'in, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modi'in Regional Council...

  • Gitit
    Gitit
    Gitit is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley with an area of 1,500 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 214....

  • Giv'at Hen
  • Giv'at Ye'arim
    Giv'at Ye'arim
    Giv'at Ye'arim is a semi-cooperative moshav in the Judean Mountains founded in 1950 by Yemenite immigrants. It is administered by Mateh Yehuda Regional Council.Giv'at Ye'arim is associated with Gibeath, a city mentioned in the Book of Joshua ....

  • Giv'ati
  • Hagor
    Hagor
    Hagor is a moshav in the Center District of Israel, located between Rosh HaAyin and Jaljulia. It is under the jurisdiction of the Drom HaSharon Regional Council. Hagor was founded in 1949.-Education:...

  • Hamra
  • HaOn
  • Hogla
    Hogla, Israel
    Hogla is a moshav in central Israel. It is named after Hogla, who settled here in the district of the tribe of Menashe . Located in the coastal plain to the south of Hadera, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hefer Valley Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 574.The moshav was founded...

  • Idan
    Idan
    Idan is a moshav in Arava region of southern Israel. It belongs to the Central Arava Regional Council.It was founded in 1980 by immigrants to Israel from Canada, the United States and South Africa, who organized for the effort in 1976. It is named for Idan Stream, which flows near the moshav. This...

  • Katif
    Katif (moshav)
    Katif was an Israeli settlement in the Gush Katif bloc in the Gaza Strip, about 1 km north of the Palestinian refugee camp of Deir el-Balah. It was founded in 1977 as an Orthodox moshav. The name is derived from the nearby Tel Katifa archeological site....

  • Kfar Malal
    Kfar Malal
    Kfar Malal is an agricultural moshav in the Sharon region in central Israel. Originally established as Ein Hai in 1916, it was later named after Rabbi Moshe Leib Lilienblum , whose acronym in Hebrew is MLL...

  • Kfar Mordechai
    Kfar Mordechai
    Kfar Mordechai is a village in central Israel, located about 30 kilometers south of Tel Aviv, between Ashdod, Gedera and Yavne. The village was established in 1950 by British and South African Jews and by some ex-kibbutz members, near the ruins of a Palestinian Arab village called Bashshit...

  • Kfar Sirkin
    Kfar Sirkin
    Kfar Sirkin or Kefar Syrkin is a moshav in Israel within the municipal jurisdiction of the Drom HaSharon Regional Council near the city of Petah Tikva. Founded in 1933, it was named after the famous Zionist Nachman Syrkin....

  • Kmehin
    Kmehin
    Kmehin |Truffles]]) is a secular moshav in the western Negev desert in Israel.Located near Nitzana, it is named for the truffles that grow in the area. The moshav was founded in 1988 and is part of Ramat HaNegev Regional Council. It is home to around 30 families.The moshav's main produce is cherry...

  • Maor
    Maor (moshav)
    Maor is an agricultural moshav in the Menashe Regional Council, Israel, near Baqa-Jat. It was established in 1953 by Jewish immigrants from Romania and Poland; was abandoned after several years, and re-established in 1957 by Jewish immigrants from Yemen...

  • Margaliot
    Margaliot
    Margaliot is a moshav in the Upper Galilee in northern Israel, located along the border with Lebanon, near the town of Kiryat Shmona. It is part of the Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council...

  • Masua
    Masua
    Masua is a moshav shitufi and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley with an area of 6,000 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council...

  • Mehola
    Mehola
    Mehola is a religious moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley near the Green Line with an area of 5,000 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 351...

  • Mekhora
    Mekhora
    Mekhora is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council...

  • Meron
  • Mevo Modi'im
  • Morag
  • Nahalal
    Nahalal
    -External links:** UNESCO* Jewish Agency for Israel*, "Jews made a garden" - aerial photo of Nahalal , and a girl from Girls' Agricultural Training Farm , at Google Books....

  • Na'omi
    Na'omi
    Na'omi is a moshav shitufi and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley three kilometres north of Hisham's Palace, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council...

  • Nehalim
    Nehalim
    Nehalim is a religious moshav in central Israel. Located around four kilometres east of Petah Tikva, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modi'in Regional Council. In 2007 it had a population of 2,100....

  • Neot HaKikar
    Neot HaKikar
    Neot HaKikar is a moshav in the northern Arabah valley in Israel. Located south of the Dead Sea, it falls under the jurisdiction of Tamar Regional Council....

  • Netaim
    Netaim
    Neta'im , is a moshav in central Israel. Located in the coastal plain around 4 kilometres south of Rishon LeZion and covering 1,100 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gan Raveh Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 502....

  • Netiv HaAsara
    Netiv HaAsara
    Netiv HaAsara is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the north-west Negev, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 704....

  • Netiv HaGdud
    Netiv HaGdud
    Netiv HaGdud is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley around twenty kilometres north of Jericho, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council...

  • Netzer Hazani
    Netzer Hazani
    Netzer Hazani was an Israeli settlement located in the northeast corner of the Gush Katif and evacuated in Israel's disengagement of 2005...

  • Nevatim
    Nevatim
    Nevatim is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the northern Negev desert around south-east of Beersheba, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bnei Shimon Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 629....


  • Neve Ativ
    Neve Ativ
    Neve Ativ , is a small Alpine-styled Israeli settlement in the Golan Heights, founded in 1972, and located on the slopes of Mount Hermon, west of Majdal Shams. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Golan Heights illegal under international law, but the Israeli...

  • Nir Akiva
    Nir Akiva
    Nir Akiva is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the north-western Negev near Netivot and Nir Moshe and covering 1,000 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Merhavim Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 273....

  • Nir Banim
  • Odem
    Odem
    Odem is an Israeli settlement, moshav shitufi, situated in the northern part of the Golan Heights. It is located on Mount Odem, at a height of above sea level, making it the second-highest town in Israel and the Israeli-occupied territories. It is surrounded by the Odem Forest. Odem means ruby...

  • Ofer
  • Ora
    Ora, Israel
    Ora is a moshav in central Israel. Located to the south-west of Jerusalem, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 909.The moshav was established in 1950 by immigrants from Yemen....

  • Orot
    Orot
    Orot is a moshav in central Israel. Located near Kiryat Malakhi and covering an area of 2,000 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Be'er Tuvia Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 430....

  • Otzem
  • Paran
    Paran (moshav)
    Paran is a small moshav in the Arabah valley in southern Israel. Located around 100 km north of Eilat, it falls under the jurisdiction of Central Arava Regional Council. In 2009 it had a population of around 100 families.-History:...

  • Petza'el
    Petza'el
    Petza'el is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley, 34.5 kilometers from the Green line, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2009 it had a population of 205....

  • Ramat Raziel
    Ramat Raziel
    Ramat Raziel is a moshav in central Israel. Located in the centre of the Jerusalem corridor, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 448....

  • Rishpon
    Rishpon
    Rishpon is a moshav in the Center District of Israel. Located in the Sharon plain near Herzliya, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof HaSharon Regional Council. In 2007 it had a population of 1,000....

  • Ro'i
    Ro'i
    Ro'i is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 128....

  • Sde David
  • Sde Nitzan
    Sde nitzan
    Sde Nitzan is a moshav located near Beersheba in the northern Negev desert in Israel. Located 12 km east of Kerem Shalom, in 2005 it had a population of about 250. The name is symbolic, and is an approximate translation of the name of a Jewish philanthropist named Bloomfield . It was...

  • Sde Uziyahu
    Sde Uziyahu
    Sde Uziyahu is a moshav in the South District of Israel, located near the city of Ashdod. It belongs to the Be'er Tuvia Regional Council.Sde Uziyahu was founded in 1950 by Jewish refugees expelled from Libya from Libya...

  • Sde Ya'akov
  • Shadmot Devora
  • Shadmot Mehola
    Shadmot Mehola
    Shadmot Mehola is a national-religious moshav shitufi and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Beit She'an Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 536...

  • Talmei Yosef
    Talmei Yosef
    Talmei Yosef is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the Hevel Shalom area of the north-western Negev desert near the Gaza Strip border, it falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 178....

  • Telamim
    Telamim
    Tlamim is a moshav in southern Israel in Hevel Lakhish. It is part of the Lakhish Regional Council. The moshav was founded in 1950 by Jewish immigrants from the island of Djerba in Tunisia as part of the effort to settle the region. Its name is derived from a verse in the Book of Psalms : "Thou...

  • Tomer
    Tomer
    Tomer is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council. In 2010 it had a population of 483....

  • Vered Yeriho
    Vered Yeriho
    Vered Yeriho is a moshav and Israeli settlement near Jericho in the Jordan valley in the West Bank. It belongs to the Megilot Regional Council....

  • Ya'ad
  • Yakhini
  • Yad Rambam
  • Yad Natan
    Yad Natan
    Yad Natan is a moshav in southern Israel in Hevel Lakhish, near the town of Kiryat Gat. It is part of the Lakhish Regional Council. The moshav was founded in 1953 by Jewish immigrants from the Hungarian youth movement HaNoar haTzioni as part of the effort to settle the region...

  • Yafit
    Yafit
    Yafit is a moshav shitufi and Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Jordan Valley near Alexandrium, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council...

  • Yanuv
    Yanuv
    Yanuv is a moshav in central Israel. Located in the Sharon plain near Netanya and Tulkarm, it falls under the jurisdiction of Lev HaSharon Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 784....

  • Yated
  • Yesha
    Yesha (moshav)
    Yesha is an agricultural moshav in southern Israel. Located in the Hevel Shalom area of the Negev desert, it falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council. Its "name is taken from Biblical passage": "with the power of salvation of his right hand"...

  • Yitav
    Yitav
    Yitav is an Israeli settlement and moshav shitufi in the southern Jordan Valley of the West Bank. Located just north of Jericho and west of the Palestinian village of al-Auja, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council...

  • Yodfat
    Yodfat
    Yodfat , is a moshav shitufi in the Lower Galilee, south of Carmiel, Israel. Part of the Misgav Regional Council and located in the vicinity of the Atzmon mountain ridge, north of the Beit Netofa Valley, Yodfat is named after the Second Temple-era town of the same name. It is situated north of the...

  • Yonatan
  • Zar'it
    Zar'it
    Zar'it is an moshav in northern Israel. Located in the Upper Galilee near the Lebanese border, it falls under the jurisdiction of Ma'ale Yosef Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 250....

  • Zohar