Mort pour la France
Mort pour la France is a term used in the French
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 legal system for people who died during a conflict, usually in service of the country.


The term is defined in L.488 to L.492 (bis) of the Code des pensions militaires d'invalidité et des victimes de guerre. It encompasses members of the French military forces who died in action or from an injury or an illness contracted during the service during the First
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

 and Second World War
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

s, the Indochina
First Indochina War
The First Indochina War was fought in French Indochina from December 19, 1946, until August 1, 1954, between the French Union's French Far East...

 and Algeria Wars, and fighting in Morocco
Morocco , officially the Kingdom of Morocco , is a country located in North Africa. It has a population of more than 32 million and an area of 710,850 km², and also primarily administers the disputed region of the Western Sahara...

 and the Tunisian War of Independence
Tunisian War of Independence
The processes of the Tunisian Independence occurred from 1952 to 1956 between France and a independentist movement under Habib Bourguiba. Bourguiba became the first President of the new nation after negotiations with France that led to the independence....

, and to French civil casualties killed during these conflicts.


French copyright law gives a special 30 years extension of copyright
Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the creator of an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time...

 to creative artists declared "Mort pour la France" over the usual 70 years post mortem (article L. 123-10).


List of writers officially declared "Mort pour la France".
  • Alain-Fournier
    Alain-Fournier was the pseudonym of Henri Alban-Fournier , a French author and soldier. He was the author of a single novel, Le Grand Meaulnes , which has been twice filmed and is considered a classic of French literature.-Biography:Alain-Fournier was born in La Chapelle-d'Angillon, in the Cher...

  • Jacques Arthuys (1943)
  • Guillaume Apollinaire
    Guillaume Apollinaire
    Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apolinary Kostrowicki, known as Guillaume Apollinaire was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic born in Italy to a Polish mother....

  • Victor Basch
    Victor Basch
    Basch Viktor Vilém, or Victor-Guillaume Basch was a French politician and professor of germanistics and philosophy at the Sorbonne descending vom Hungary...

  • Pierre Brossolette
    Pierre Brossolette
    Pierre Brossolette was a French journalist, left-wing politician, a top leader and major hero of French Resistance.-Education and journalism:...

  • Benjamin Crémieux (1944)
  • Louis Codet (1914)
  • Jacques Decour
    Jacques Decour
    Jacques Decour, real name Daniel Decourdemanche, born 21 February 1910 in Paris, died 30 May 1942 in Fort Mont-Valérien, was a French writer and resistant, killed by the Nazis.- Biography :...

  • Jean Desbordes (1944)
  • Robert Desnos
    Robert Desnos
    Robert Desnos , was a French surrealist poet who played a key role in the Surrealist movement of his day.- Biography :...

  • Luc Dietrich
    Luc Dietrich
    Luc Dietrich was a French writer.Dietrich was born in Dijon. His father died when he was very young, and his mother was ill and addicted to drugs. She was frequently incapable of taking care of her son; several times he was sent asylums and similar establishments...

  • Benjamin Fondane
    Benjamin Fondane
    Benjamin Fondane or Benjamin Fundoianu was a Romanian and French poet, critic and existentialist philosopher, also noted for his work in film and theater. Known from his Romanian youth as a Symbolist poet and columnist, he alternated Neoromantic and Expressionist themes with echoes from Tudor...

  • Maurice Halbwachs
    Maurice Halbwachs
    Maurice Halbwachs was a French philosopher and sociologist known for developing the concept of collective memory.Born in Reims, Halbwachs attended the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. There he studied philosophy with Henri Bergson, who influenced him greatly. He aggregated in Philosophy in 1901...

  • Max Jacob
    Max Jacob
    Max Jacob was a French poet, painter, writer, and critic.-Life and career:After spending his childhood in Quimper, Brittany, France, he enrolled in the Paris Colonial School, which he left in 1897 for an artistic career...

  • Régis Messac (1945)
  • Léon de Montesquiou (1915)
  • Irène Némirovsky
    Irène Némirovsky
    Irène Némirovsky was a French novelist who died at the age of 39 in Auschwitz, Nazi Germany occupied Poland. She was killed by the Nazis for being classified as a Jew under the racial laws, which did not take into account her conversion to Roman Catholicism.-Biography:Irène Némirovsky was born in...

  • Georges Politzer
    Georges Politzer
    Georges Politzer was a French philosopher and Marxist theoretician of Hungarian origin, affectionately referred to by some as the "red-headed philosopher" . He was a native of Oradea, a city in present-day Romania.-Biography:Politzer was already a militant by the time of his involvement in the...

  • Charles Péguy
    Charles Péguy
    Charles Péguy was a noted French poet, essayist, and editor. His two main philosophies were socialism and nationalism, but by 1908 at the latest, after years of uneasy agnosticism, he had become a devout but non-practicing Roman Catholic.From that time, Catholicism strongly influenced his...

  • Louis Pergaud
    Louis Pergaud
    Louis Pergaud was a French writer and soldier, whose principal works were known as "Animal Stories" due to their rooting in the flora and fauna of the Franche-Comté. His most famous work was the novel La Guerre des boutons , written in 1912...

  • André Ruplinger (1914)
  • Antoine de Saint Exupéry (1944)
  • Louis de la Salle (1915)
  • Albert Thierry (1915)
  • Georges Valois
    Georges Valois
    Georges Valois was a French journalist and politician.-Life and career:Born in a working-class and peasant family, Georges Valois went to Singapore at the age of 17, returning to Paris in 1898. In his early years he was an Anarcho-syndicalist...

  • François Vernet (1945)
  • Jean de la Ville de Mirmont (1914)
  • Jean Zay
    Jean Zay
    Jean Zay is a French politician born in Orléans on 6 August 1904 and assassinated 20 June 1944 by the miliciens in Molles . He was the Minister of National Education and Fine Arts from 1936 until 1939....



List of composers officially declared "Mort pour la France".
  • Jehan Alain
    Jehan Alain
    Jehan Ariste Alain was a French organist and composer.-Biography:Alain was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye in the western suburbs of Paris, into a family of musicians. His father, Albert Alain was an enthusiastic organist, composer and organ-builder who had studied with Alexandre Guilmant and Louis...

  • Joseph Boulnois (1918)
  • Émile Goué (1946)
  • Fernand Halphen
    Fernand Halphen
    Fernand Gustave Halphen was a French Jewish composer.Fernand Halphen was the son of Georges Halphen, a diamond merchant, and of Henriette Antonia Stern , who was from a family of bankers...

  • Maurice Jaubert
    Maurice Jaubert
    Maurice Jaubert was a French composer of incidental music for stage and film music, famous for his collaborations with the masters of poetic realism Jean Vigo, René Clair, Julien Duvivier and Marcel Carné...

  • René Vierne (1918)

External links

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