Home      Discussion      Topics      Dictionary      Almanac
Signup       Login
List of Crimean khans

List of Crimean khans

Discussion
Ask a question about 'List of Crimean khans'
Start a new discussion about 'List of Crimean khans'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia


Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate, or Khanate of Crimea , was a state ruled by Crimean Tatars from 1441 to 1783. Its native name was . Its khans were the patrilineal descendants of Toqa Temür, the thirteenth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan...

 (1441–1783). Crimean Tatars
Crimean Tatars
Crimean Tatars or Crimeans are a Turkic ethnic group that originally resided in Crimea. They speak the Crimean Tatar language...

, although not a part of the Ukrainian ethnos
Ethnos
Ethnos may refer to:*Ethnic group*Ethnos...

, are deeply interconnected historically. They ruled a large part of modern Ukraine
History of Ukraine
The territory of Ukraine was a key center of East Slavic culture in the Middle Ages, before being divided between a variety of powers. However, the history of Ukraine dates back many thousands of years. The territory has been settled continuously since at least 5000 BC, and is also a candidate site...

 over the span of 300 years.

The following is the chronological table of reigns of khans
Khan (title)
Khan is an originally Altaic and subsequently Central Asian title for a sovereign or military ruler, widely used by medieval nomadic Turko-Mongol tribes living to the north of China. 'Khan' is also seen as a title in the Xianbei confederation for their chief between 283 and 289...

 of Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate, or Khanate of Crimea , was a state ruled by Crimean Tatars from 1441 to 1783. Its native name was . Its khans were the patrilineal descendants of Toqa Temür, the thirteenth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan...

 from the Giray dynasty
Giray dynasty
Giray , alternative spellings Guirey, Ghirai, Ghiray, Geray, is the Genghisid dynasty, which reigned in the Khanate of Crimea from its formation in 1427 until its downfall in 1783. The dynasty also supplied several khans of Kazan and Astrakhan between 1521 and 1550...

:
Date of Reign Name Notes
1441–1466 Hacı I Giray
Haci I Giray
Hacı I Giray Angel was the founder and the first ruler of the Crimean Khanate. He is sometimes referred to as Hacı Devlet Giray or Devlet Hacı Giray...

1466–1467 Nur Devlet first reign
1467 Meñli I Giray
Meñli I Giray
Meñli I Giray , also spelled as Mengli I Giray, was a khan of the Crimean Khanate and the sixth son of the khanate founder Haci I Giray....

first reign
1467–1469 Nur Devlet second reign
1469–1475 Meñli I Giray
Meñli I Giray
Meñli I Giray , also spelled as Mengli I Giray, was a khan of the Crimean Khanate and the sixth son of the khanate founder Haci I Giray....

second reign
1475 Hayder
Hayder of Crimea
Hayder was a Crimean Khan in 1456, and a son of Hacı I Giray.In 1456, he rebelled against his father and occupied the throne for a short time until the failure of the rebellion....

1475–1476 Nur Devlet third reign
1476–1478 dynasty dismissed from power
1478–1515 Meñli I Giray
Meñli I Giray
Meñli I Giray , also spelled as Mengli I Giray, was a khan of the Crimean Khanate and the sixth son of the khanate founder Haci I Giray....

third reign
1515–1523 Mehmed I Giray
Mehmed I Giray
Mehmed I Giray known as Great — a khan of the Crimean Khanate in 1515 –1523.Son of Meñli I Giray, inherited power after his father's death. In 1520 signed a temporary alliance with king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Zygmunt I Stary, against Muscovy. In 1521 he took Kazan, where he...

1523–1524 Ğazı I Giray
1524–1532 Saadet I Giray
1532 İslâm I Giray
1532–1551 Sahib I Giray
Sahib I Giray
Sahib I Giray — a khan of the Crimean Khanate in 1532 –1551.Son of Meñli I Giray. In 1521 his brother, then Khan of Crimea, Mehmed I Giray, took Kazan, and gave it to Sahib. Together their army defeated Vasili III of Russia near Moscow....

1551–1577 Devlet I Giray
Devlet I Giray
Devlet I Giray was a khan of the Crimean Khanate during whose long reign the khanate rose to the pinnacle of its power....

1577–1584 Mehmed II Giray
1584 Saadet II Giray
1584–1588 İslâm II Giray
1588–1596 Ğazı II Giray first reign
1596 Fetih I Giray
1596–1607 Ğazı II Giray second reign
1607–1608 Toqtamış Giray
1608–1610 Selâmet I Giray
1610–1623 Canibek Giray first reign
1623–1628 Mehmed III Giray
1628–1635 Canibek Giray second reign
1635–1637 İnayet Giray
1637–1641 Bahadır I Giray
1641–1644 Mehmed IV Giray
Mehmed IV Giray
Mehmed IV Giray Sufi — a khan of the Crimean Khanate in 1641 –1644 and 1654–1656. Supporter of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. His nickname Sofu means Sufi in Crimean Tatar. Mehmed IV is a famous poet, he wrote his poems mainly on philosophic and religious topics under penname...

first reign
1644–1654 İslâm III Giray
Islâm III Giray
İslâm III Giray — a khan of the Crimean Khanate in 1644–1654.In 1648 allied with Zaporozhian Cossack leader Bohdan Khmelnytsky in his revolt against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1654 after the Treaty of Pereyaslav, he switched sides and allied with Poland against the Tsardom of...

1654–1666 Mehmed IV Giray
Mehmed IV Giray
Mehmed IV Giray Sufi — a khan of the Crimean Khanate in 1641 –1644 and 1654–1656. Supporter of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. His nickname Sofu means Sufi in Crimean Tatar. Mehmed IV is a famous poet, he wrote his poems mainly on philosophic and religious topics under penname...

second reign
1666–1671 Adil Giray
Adil Giray
Adil Giray was khan of the Crimean Khanate from 1666 to 1671. He strongly supported the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and was one of the candidates in the Polish royal election of 1669. In 1671 Giray was removed as khan by Mehmed IV, the Ottoman sultan, when the sultan decided to wage war with...

1671–1678 Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray was a Crimean khan He reigned four times between 1671 – 1704.-Background:Crimean khans were the direct descendants of Genghis Khan, the Mongol Empreror. After the death of Genghis Khan the empire was partitioned and the part in East Europe and Northwest Asia was named Golden...

first reign
1678–1683 Murad Giray
1683–1684 Hacı II Giray
1684–1691 Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray was a Crimean khan He reigned four times between 1671 – 1704.-Background:Crimean khans were the direct descendants of Genghis Khan, the Mongol Empreror. After the death of Genghis Khan the empire was partitioned and the part in East Europe and Northwest Asia was named Golden...

second reign
1691 Saadet III Giray
1691–1692 Safa Giray
1692–1699 Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray was a Crimean khan He reigned four times between 1671 – 1704.-Background:Crimean khans were the direct descendants of Genghis Khan, the Mongol Empreror. After the death of Genghis Khan the empire was partitioned and the part in East Europe and Northwest Asia was named Golden...

third reign
1699–1702 Devlet II Giray
Devlet II Giray
Devlet II Giray was Crimean Khan in 1699-1702 and 1709-1713. He occupied the throne between the board and Qaplan I Giray. The eldest son was Selim II Giray.- First Rule :...

first reign
1702–1704 Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray
Selim I Giray was a Crimean khan He reigned four times between 1671 – 1704.-Background:Crimean khans were the direct descendants of Genghis Khan, the Mongol Empreror. After the death of Genghis Khan the empire was partitioned and the part in East Europe and Northwest Asia was named Golden...

fourth reign
1704–1707 Ğazı III Giray
1707–1708 Qaplan I Giray first reign
1709–1713 Devlet II Giray
Devlet II Giray
Devlet II Giray was Crimean Khan in 1699-1702 and 1709-1713. He occupied the throne between the board and Qaplan I Giray. The eldest son was Selim II Giray.- First Rule :...

second reign
1713–1715 Qaplan I Giray second reign
1716–1717 Devlet III Giray
1717–1724 Saadet IV Giray
1724–1730 Meñli II Giray first reign
1730–1736 Qaplan I Giray third reign
1736–1737 Fetih II Giray
1737–1740 Meñli II Giray second reign
1740–1743 Selamet II Giray
1743–1748 Selim II Giray
1748–1756 Arslan Giray first reign
1756–1758 Halim Giray
1758–1764 Qırım Giray first reign
1765–1767 Selim III Giray first reign
1767 Arslan Giray second reign
1767–1768 Maqsud Giray
1768–1769 Qırım Giray second reign
1769–1770 Devlet IV Giray first reign
1770 Qaplan II Giray
Qaplan II Giray
Qaplan II Giray was a Crimean khan of the late 18th century.- Biography :Qaplan ruled from 1769-1770, a very brief reign. During his time as khan of the Crimean Khanate, he negotiated with the Kingdom of Russia for Crimean independence. Qaplan fought against Russia in the Russo-Turkish War for his...

1770–1771 Selim III Giray second reign
1771–1775 Sahib II Giray
1775–1777 Devlet IV Giray second reign
1777–1782 Şahin Giray
Sahin Giray
Şahin Giray was the last Khan of Crimea. He was born in 1745 in Edirne.He studied in Greece and also in Venice.He reputedly spoke the Crimean Tatar language as well as Ottoman Turkish, Italian and Greek....

first reign
1782 Bahadır II Giray
1782–1783 Şahin Giray
Sahin Giray
Şahin Giray was the last Khan of Crimea. He was born in 1745 in Edirne.He studied in Greece and also in Venice.He reputedly spoke the Crimean Tatar language as well as Ottoman Turkish, Italian and Greek....

second reign
† The reigns of Canibek Giray in 1624 and of Maqsud Giray in 1771–1772 are not listed. Though these khans were formally appointed by Ottoman
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

 sultans they did not reach the throne and did not rule Crimea
Crimea
Crimea , or the Autonomous Republic of Crimea , is a sub-national unit, an autonomous republic, of Ukraine. It is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea, occupying a peninsula of the same name...

. In the years mentioned, the authority in the Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate, or Khanate of Crimea , was a state ruled by Crimean Tatars from 1441 to 1783. Its native name was . Its khans were the patrilineal descendants of Toqa Temür, the thirteenth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan...

 was exercised by Mehmed III Giray and Sahib II Giray correspondingly.
Note: The nominal khans Şahbaz Giray (1787–1789) and Baht Giray (1789–1792) mentioned in some works are not listed in this table as they did not rule the Crimean Khanate annexed by Russian Empire
Russian Empire
The Russian Empire was a state that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia and the predecessor of the Soviet Union...

in 1783.

External links