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The Kinkaid Act of 1904
is a U.S. statute
A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a state, city, or county. Typically, statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy. The word is often used to distinguish law made by legislative bodies from case law, decided by courts, and regulations...
that amended the 1862 Homestead Act
A homestead act is one of three United States federal laws that gave an applicant freehold title to an area called a "homestead" – typically 160 acres of undeveloped federal land west of the Mississippi River....
so that one section (1 mi², 2.6 km²) of a township of undeveloped land could be claimed in 37 northern and western Nebraska
Nebraska is a state on the Great Plains of the Midwestern United States. The state's capital is Lincoln and its largest city is Omaha, on the Missouri River....
counties. The act was introduced by Moses Kinkaid
Moses Pierce Kinkaid was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Nebraska. He was the sponsor of the 1904 Kinkaid Land Act, which allowed homesteaders to claim up to of government land in western Nebraska.-Early life and career:Kinkaid was born near Morgantown, Virginia,...
, Nebraska's 6th congressional district representative, and was signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States . He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity...
on April 28, 1904 and went into effect on June 28 of that year.