or Karaginskiy Island
is an island
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, cays or keys. An island in a river or lake may be called an eyot , or holm...
in the Karaginsky Gulf
Karaginsky Gulf is a large gulf in the Bering Sea off the northeastern coast of Kamchatka , which cuts 117 km deep inland. The depth of the gulf is between 30 to 60 m. The largest island in the gulf is the Karaginsky Island, separated from the mainland by the Litke Strait . The Karaginsky Gulf is...
of the Bering Sea
The Bering Sea is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean. It comprises a deep water basin, which then rises through a narrow slope into the shallower water above the continental shelves....
. The 40 km wide strait between the Kamchatka Peninsula
The Kamchatka Peninsula is a peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of . It lies between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk to the west...
and this island is called Litke Strait
Litke Strait is a strait in the Bering Sea off the northeastern coast of Kamchatka, Russia, which separates the Karaginsky Island from the mainland. It is named after explorer Fyodor Petrovich Litke....
Even though the island is uninhabited, the Karagin Koryak
Koryak may refer to:*Koryak Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia*Koryaks, a people of northeastern Siberia*Koryak language, language of the Koryaks*Koryak, the illegitimate son of Aquaman, a fictional character in DC Comics...
s have traditionally lived in Karaginskiy Island. Migrant reindeer
The reindeer , also known as the caribou in North America, is a deer from the Arctic and Subarctic, including both resident and migratory populations. While overall widespread and numerous, some of its subspecies are rare and one has already gone extinct.Reindeer vary considerably in color and size...
herders still live in temporary shelters on the island.
The island's area is 2,404 km². It is 101 km long and up to 27 km wide. The highest peak of the island is 912 m. Karaginsky Island is covered with tundra
In physical geography, tundra is a biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. The term tundra comes through Russian тундра from the Kildin Sami word tūndâr "uplands," "treeless mountain tract." There are three types of tundra: Arctic tundra, alpine...
vegetation and cedar
Cedar wood comes from several different trees that grow in different parts of the world, and may have different uses.* California incense-cedar, from Calocedrus decurrens, is the primary type of wood used for making pencils...
underwood. In the summer there are many flowers.
Karaginsky Island is a Ramsar site.
Nowadays this island is popular with tourists who come to enjoy the wildlife.
- 45 km north of Karaginsky Island's northern tip lies small and narrow Verkhoturov Island (Ostrov Verkhoturova). It is 3.5 km long and has an average width of 0.5 km.
Administratively Karaginskiy Island belongs to the Kamchatka Krai
of the Russian Federation.