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In the United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...
, the Judge Advocate of Her Majesty's Fleet
was a civilian judge
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and in an open...
who was responsible for the supervision and superintendence of the court martial system in the Royal Navy
The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...
. Until 2004, he shared responsibility for the naval court martial system with the Chief Naval Judge Advocate
, a legally trained serving naval officer who was responsible for the appointment of judge advocates. However the Chief Naval Judge Advocate's post was abolished because of a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights
The European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg is a supra-national court established by the European Convention on Human Rights and hears complaints that a contracting state has violated the human rights enshrined in the Convention and its protocols. Complaints can be brought by individuals or...
that held that, as a serving naval officer, his position was insufficiently independent
Judicial Independence is the idea that the judiciary needs to be kept away from the other branches of government...
The role of Judge Advocate of the Fleet
was taken over by the Judge Advocate General from 2004 onwards. It was formally abolished on 31 December 2008 under the Armed Forces Act 2006
The Armed Forces Act 2006 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.It came into force on 31 October 2009. It replaces the three separate Service Discipline Acts as the system of military law under which the British Armed Forces operate...
List of Judge Advocates of the Fleet
- 1663 J. Fowler
- 1672 J. Brisbane
- 1680 H. Croone
- 1689 P. Foster
- 1689 F. Bacher
- 1690 Villiers Bathurst
- 1711 W. Strahan
- 1714 E. Honywood
- 1724 J. Copeland
- 1729 T. Hawes
- 1743 T. Kempe
- 1744 Charles Fearne
- 1768 George Jackson
- 1824 H. Twiss
- 1828 H. J. Shepherd
- 1845 R. Godson
- 1849 R. B. Crowder
- 1854 Thomas Phinn
Thomas Phinn a British barrister and Liberal Party politician who held various positions in the Admiralty of the United Kingdom in the mid-nineteenth century....
- 1855 William Atherton
Sir William Atherton QC was a British barrister and Liberal Party politician. An advanced Liberal who favoured the secret ballot and widening of suffrage, he held a seat in the House of Commons from 1852 to 1864, and was a Law Officer of the Crown for four years.- Career :Atherton was the son of...
- 1859 Robert Collier, 1st Baron Monkswell
Robert Porrett Collier, 1st Baron Monkswell was an English lawyer, politician and judge.-Background and education:Collier was the son of a prominent merchant of Quaker extraction. He was educated at Oxford.-Career:...
- 1863 Thomas Phinn
- 1866 John Walter Huddleston
Sir John Walter Huddleston was an English judge, formerly a criminal lawyer who had established an eminent reputation in various causes célèbres....
- 1875–1904 Alexander Stavely Hill
- 1904–1924 Reginald Brodie Dyke Acland
- 1933 J G Trapnell
- 1943 J Lhind Pratt
- 1945 Ewen Montagu
Captain The Hon. Ewen Edward Samuel Montagu, CBE, QC, DL, RNR was a British judge, writer and Naval intelligence officer....
- 1973 William Howard
- 1986 Felix Waley
- 1995 J L Sessions
- 2004 Moribund
- 2008 Abolished