is a notable Manchu family name
Like the Mongols, the Manchus were simply called by given name but they had their own clan names . Hala consisted of several mukūn, the unit of exogamy...
which has the largest population of the Gioro clan.
As a big clan among Manchu people, Irgen Gioro distributes widely into many small families. The ones whose ancestors came from Yehe and Muši
Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County , or simply Xinbin County , is one of the three counties under the administration of Fushun City, in the east of Liaoning Province, Northeast China...
are the most illustrious Irgen Gioro families during Qing Empire. Furthermore, there are also Irgen Gioros from Ula
Jilin City is the second largest city of Jilin province in Northeast China. At the 2010 census, 4,414,681 people resided within its administrative area of and 1,975,803 in its built up area...
, Warka, Changbai Mountain and etc.
During Qing period, Irgen Gioro clan owned 40 hereditary Zuolings
) which was the fifth largest amount all over the Manchu clans.
After Xinhai Revolution
The Xinhai Revolution or Hsinhai Revolution, also known as Revolution of 1911 or the Chinese Revolution, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty, the Qing , and established the Republic of China...
, most of Irgen Gioros changed their name to Zhao
Zhao / Chao or Chiu is a common Chinese family name, ranking as the 7th most common surname in Mainland China. Zhao is the first surname in the famous Hundred Family Surnames – the traditional list of all Chinese surnames – because it was the royal surname of the Song Dynasty when the list was...
, a typical Chinese family name.
Notable Irgen Gioros
- Nobles, Ministers and Generals
- Altasi, from Muši, a cousin-in-law of Nurhaci
- Ašan, Altasi's son, hereditary baron
- Aljin, Ašan's cousin, hereditary viscount
- Gagai, from Hunahe, one of the creators of Manchu alphabet
- Gunacan, from Ula ,a hereditary aristocracy
- Isangga, a prime minister in Shunzhi era
- Furata, from Changbai Mountain, was Viceroy of Liangjiang in Kangxi era
- Fusenge, Consort Prince, a son-in-law of Yinxiang, 1st Prince Yi
Yinxiang, 1st Prince Yi of the Manchu Aisin-Gioro clan was a noble of the Qing Dynasty born as the 13th surviving son to the Kangxi Emperor...
- Altai, a prime minister in Qianlong era
- Lungwen, a minister in Jiaqing and Daoguang era
- Jinšun, from Ula, was Ili
Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture , in northernmost Xinjiang, is the only Kazakh autonomous prefecture of the People's Republic of China.-Geography and coordinates:The following figures excludes both Tacheng Prefecture and Altay Prefecture....
General at the beginning of Guangxu era, owned a warrior title of "Tulgeci Baturu
Baturu is a title from the Qing Dynasty for commanders and soldiers who fight bravely in a battlefield. In Manchu, baturu means warrior or brave. It is originally from the Mongolian word "baγatur" which has the same meaning....
- Liyanšun, Jinšun's younger brother, was Uliastai
Uliastai is a city in Mongolia. It is located in the western part of the country, 1,115 kilometers from the capital Ulaanbaatar. Uliastai is the capital of Zavkhan Province and was the 10th most populous city in the country with a population of 24,276 , now this city has 16,240 population and is...
General in Guangxu era
- Noble Ladies
- Lady Irgen Gioro: Nurhaci
Nurhaci was an important Jurchen chieftain who rose to prominence in the late sixteenth century in what is today Northeastern China...
's Side Chamber Consort
- Lady Irgen Gioro: Nurhaci's Ordinary Consort
- Lady Irgen Gioro: Hong Taiji
Hong Taiji , also transliterated as Huang Taiji based on the Chinese language transcription of his name, was the first Emperor of the Qing Dynasty.Hong Taiji was the first Emperor of the Qing dynasty after acceding to the title in 1636...
's Ordinary Consort
- Noble Consort Xun: Qianlong Emperor's Noble Consort
- Imperial Concubine Rong: Xianfeng Emperor
The Xianfeng Emperor , born Aisin-Gioro I Ju, was the ninth Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and the seventh Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1850 to 1861.-Family and his early years:...
's Imperial Concubine
- Female Attendant Ping: Xianfeng Emperor's Female Attendant
Sources and further reading
- Draft History of Qing (《清史稿》, Qingshigao)
- Comprehensive statutes of the Eight Banners （《八旗通志》, Baqi Tongzhi）
- The Comprehensive Book of the Eight Manchurian Banners' Surname-Clans (《八旗滿洲氏族通譜》, Baqi Manzhou Shizu Tongpu)
- Collected statutes of the Great Qing（《大清会典》，Daqing Huidian）
- the Article of Irgen Gioro on Chinese Wikipedia