Hijra as an Arabic word meaning migration
Human migration
Human migration is physical movement by humans from one area to another, sometimes over long distances or in large groups. Historically this movement was nomadic, often causing significant conflict with the indigenous population and their displacement or cultural assimilation. Only a few nomadic...

 or flight
Flight is the process by which an object moves either through an atmosphere or beyond it by generating lift or propulsive thrust, or aerostatically using buoyancy, or by simple ballistic movement....

  may refer to:
  • The Hijra (Islam)
    Hijra (Islam)
    The Hijra is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE. Alternate spellings of this Arabic word are Hijrah, Hijrat or Hegira, the latter following the spelling rules of Latin.- Hijra of Muhammad :In September 622, warned of a plot to...

     (هجرة) is the emigration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622 CE, marking the first year of the Islamic calendar
    Islamic calendar
    The Hijri calendar , also known as the Muslim calendar or Islamic calendar , is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to date events in many Muslim countries , and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic...

    , 1 AH (anno Hegirae)
  • Hijri year
    Hijri year
    The Hijri year is year numbering system used in the Islamic calendar. It commemorates the Hijra , or emigration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622 CE. In Arabic, AH is symbolized by the letter هـ...

    , marks the start of the Hijri year of the Islamic calendar
  • Migration to Abyssinia
    Migration to Abyssinia
    The migration known as the first Hijarat was made in two groups totalling more than a hundred persons. According to Islamic tradition, eleven male and five female Sahabah, the Muslims who originally converged in Mecca, sought refuge from Quraysh persecution in the Kingdom of Aksum in of in the...

    , 615 CE, in which a number of Sahaba migrated to Ethiopia
  • Meccan boycott of Hashemites and Muhammad
    Meccan boycott of Hashemites and Muhammad
    According to tradition, in 617 the leaders of Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams, two important clans of Quraysh, declared a public boycott against the clan of Banu Hashim, their commercial rival, in order to put pressure on the clan to withdraw its protection from Muhammad...

    , the second migration, arising from the boycott of 617–619

Hijra may also mean:
  • Hijra (South Asia)
    Hijra (South Asia)
    In the culture of South Asia, hijras or chakka in Kannada, khusra in Punjabi and kojja in Telugu are physiological males who have feminine gender identity, women's clothing and other feminine gender roles. Hijras have a long recorded history in the Indian subcontinent, from the antiquity, as...

    , a subculture in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh who are usually intersex or transgender.