Hijra

Hijra

Overview
Hijra as an Arabic word meaning migration
Human migration
Human migration is physical movement by humans from one area to another, sometimes over long distances or in large groups. Historically this movement was nomadic, often causing significant conflict with the indigenous population and their displacement or cultural assimilation. Only a few nomadic...

 or flight
Flight
Flight is the process by which an object moves either through an atmosphere or beyond it by generating lift or propulsive thrust, or aerostatically using buoyancy, or by simple ballistic movement....

  may refer to:
  • The Hijra (Islam)
    Hijra (Islam)
    The Hijra is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE. Alternate spellings of this Arabic word are Hijrah, Hijrat or Hegira, the latter following the spelling rules of Latin.- Hijra of Muhammad :In September 622, warned of a plot to...

     (هجرة) is the emigration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622 CE, marking the first year of the Islamic calendar
    Islamic calendar
    The Hijri calendar , also known as the Muslim calendar or Islamic calendar , is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to date events in many Muslim countries , and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic...

    , 1 AH (anno Hegirae)
  • Hijri year
    Hijri year
    The Hijri year is year numbering system used in the Islamic calendar. It commemorates the Hijra , or emigration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622 CE. In Arabic, AH is symbolized by the letter هـ...

    , marks the start of the Hijri year of the Islamic calendar
  • Migration to Abyssinia
    Migration to Abyssinia
    The migration known as the first Hijarat was made in two groups totalling more than a hundred persons. According to Islamic tradition, eleven male and five female Sahabah, the Muslims who originally converged in Mecca, sought refuge from Quraysh persecution in the Kingdom of Aksum in of in the...

    , 615 CE, in which a number of Sahaba migrated to Ethiopia
  • Meccan boycott of Hashemites and Muhammad
    Meccan boycott of Hashemites and Muhammad
    According to tradition, in 617 the leaders of Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams, two important clans of Quraysh, declared a public boycott against the clan of Banu Hashim, their commercial rival, in order to put pressure on the clan to withdraw its protection from Muhammad...

    , the second migration, arising from the boycott of 617–619


Hijra may also mean:
  • Hijra (South Asia)
    Hijra (South Asia)
    In the culture of South Asia, hijras or chakka in Kannada, khusra in Punjabi and kojja in Telugu are physiological males who have feminine gender identity, women's clothing and other feminine gender roles. Hijras have a long recorded history in the Indian subcontinent, from the antiquity, as...

    , a subculture in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh who are usually intersex or transgender.
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Encyclopedia
Hijra as an Arabic word meaning migration
Human migration
Human migration is physical movement by humans from one area to another, sometimes over long distances or in large groups. Historically this movement was nomadic, often causing significant conflict with the indigenous population and their displacement or cultural assimilation. Only a few nomadic...

 or flight
Flight
Flight is the process by which an object moves either through an atmosphere or beyond it by generating lift or propulsive thrust, or aerostatically using buoyancy, or by simple ballistic movement....

  may refer to:
  • The Hijra (Islam)
    Hijra (Islam)
    The Hijra is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE. Alternate spellings of this Arabic word are Hijrah, Hijrat or Hegira, the latter following the spelling rules of Latin.- Hijra of Muhammad :In September 622, warned of a plot to...

     (هجرة) is the emigration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622 CE, marking the first year of the Islamic calendar
    Islamic calendar
    The Hijri calendar , also known as the Muslim calendar or Islamic calendar , is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to date events in many Muslim countries , and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic...

    , 1 AH (anno Hegirae)
  • Hijri year
    Hijri year
    The Hijri year is year numbering system used in the Islamic calendar. It commemorates the Hijra , or emigration of Muhammad and his followers to the city of Medina in 622 CE. In Arabic, AH is symbolized by the letter هـ...

    , marks the start of the Hijri year of the Islamic calendar
  • Migration to Abyssinia
    Migration to Abyssinia
    The migration known as the first Hijarat was made in two groups totalling more than a hundred persons. According to Islamic tradition, eleven male and five female Sahabah, the Muslims who originally converged in Mecca, sought refuge from Quraysh persecution in the Kingdom of Aksum in of in the...

    , 615 CE, in which a number of Sahaba migrated to Ethiopia
  • Meccan boycott of Hashemites and Muhammad
    Meccan boycott of Hashemites and Muhammad
    According to tradition, in 617 the leaders of Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams, two important clans of Quraysh, declared a public boycott against the clan of Banu Hashim, their commercial rival, in order to put pressure on the clan to withdraw its protection from Muhammad...

    , the second migration, arising from the boycott of 617–619


Hijra may also mean:
  • Hijra (South Asia)
    Hijra (South Asia)
    In the culture of South Asia, hijras or chakka in Kannada, khusra in Punjabi and kojja in Telugu are physiological males who have feminine gender identity, women's clothing and other feminine gender roles. Hijras have a long recorded history in the Indian subcontinent, from the antiquity, as...

    , a subculture in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh who are usually intersex or transgender. This subculture is important in many aspects of Indian culture, especially marriage ceremonies.

Hejira may refer to:
  • Hejira (album)
    Hejira (album)
    Hejira is a 1976 folk/rock/jazz album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. The album title is a transliteration of the Arabic word hijra, which means "journey", referring specifically to the prophet Muhammad's and his followers' escape from Mecca to Medina in 622...

    , a 1976 album by Joni Mitchell
    • "Hejira" (song)
      Hejira (song)
      Hejira is the title track from Joni Mitchell's 1976 album. It is the 5th track on the album , and the 2nd of 4 tracks on Hejira which fretless bassist Jaco Pastorius plays on....

      , the fifth track on the album of the same name


Hegira may refer to:
  • Hegira (novel)
    Hegira (novel)
    Hegira is a 1979 science fiction novel by American writer Greg Bear . It deals with themes including cyclic time, artificial intelligence, artificial life, and artificial structures of planetary scale.-Plot summary:...

    , a 1979 science fiction novel by Greg Bear


Hiigara may refer to:
  • Hiigara, the homeworld of the Kushan, who were forced into exile after losing a war with the Taaidan. The plot of the computer game Homeworld
    Homeworld
    Homeworld is a real-time strategy computer game released on September 28, 1999, developed by Relic Entertainment and published by Sierra Entertainment. It was the first fully three-dimensional RTS. In 2003, Relic released the source code for Homeworld...

    details the return of the Kushan exiles to Hiigara. The name means "our home" in ancient Kushan language.


Hijara may refer to:
  • Hijara
    Hijara
    Hijara is a singular two-player abstract strategy board game played with small stones. It has been likened to a three-dimensional game on a two-dimensional board.The game was designed by Martin H...

    , a board game
    Board game
    A board game is a game which involves counters or pieces being moved on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules. Games may be based on pure strategy, chance or a mixture of the two, and usually have a goal which a player aims to achieve...

    .