Henry Hyde, 4th Earl of Clarendon

Henry Hyde, 4th Earl of Clarendon

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Henry Hyde, 4th Earl of Clarendon and 2nd Earl of Rochester, PC (June 1672 – 10 December 1753) was an English nobleman and politician. He was styled Lord Hyde from 1682 to 1711.

Life


He was the son of the 1st Earl of Rochester and Lady Henrietta, daughter of the 1st Earl of Burlington
Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington
Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, 2nd Earl of Cork was Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and a cavalier.-Early years:...

. His education started at Eton
Eton College
Eton College, often referred to simply as Eton, is a British independent school for boys aged 13 to 18. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as "The King's College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor"....

 where he studied from 1683 to 1687 and entered Oxford University in 1700. From 1687 to 1690 saw him travel abroad to Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 and the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
The Dutch Republic — officially known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands , the Republic of the United Netherlands, or the Republic of the Seven United Provinces — was a republic in Europe existing from 1581 to 1795, preceding the Batavian Republic and ultimately...

. He was Tory
Tory
Toryism is a traditionalist and conservative political philosophy which grew out of the Cavalier faction in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. It is a prominent ideology in the politics of the United Kingdom, but also features in parts of The Commonwealth, particularly in Canada...

 MP for Launceston
Launceston (UK Parliament constituency)
Launceston, also known at some periods as Dunheved, was a parliamentary constituency in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the British House of Commons from 1295 until 1832, and one member from 1832 until 1918...

 15 November 1692—2 May 1711 and High Steward of the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is a university located in Oxford, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest surviving university in the world and the oldest in the English-speaking world. Although its exact date of foundation is unclear, there is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096...

 from 1711. He was appointed to the Privy Council of Great Britain in 1710.

He succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Rochester
Earl of Rochester
Earl of Rochester was a title that was created twice in the Peerage of England. The first creation came in 1652 in favour of the Royalist soldier Henry Wilmot, 2nd Viscount Wilmot. He had already been created Baron Wilmot, of Adderbury in the County of Oxford, in 1643, also in the Peerage of England...

 on 2 May 1711 and his cousin as 4th Earl of Clarendon
Earl of Clarendon
Earl of Clarendon is a title that has been created twice in British history, in 1661 and 1776. The title was created for the first time in the Peerage of England in 1661 for the statesman Edward Hyde, 1st Baron Hyde...

 on 31 March 1723. In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage. His death came six months after that of his only surviving son, resulting in the extinction of both earldoms.

Family


He married Jane Leveson-Gower, daughter of Sir William Leveson-Gower, 4th Baronet
Sir William Leveson-Gower, 4th Baronet
Sir William Leveson-Gower, 4th Baronet was an English politician.Born William Gower, he was the second son of Sir Thomas Gower, 2nd Baronet and Frances, daughter and coheir of John Leveson. He added the surname Leveson to his own in 1668, when he inherited the Trentham and Lilleshall estates of...

, on 8 March 1692. They had children:
  • Hon. Henrietta Hyde (bur. 5 July 1710)
  • Hon. Edward Hyde (bur. 17 November 1702)
  • Hon. Laurence Hyde (b. 6 October 1703; bur. 27 May 1704)
  • Hon. Ann Hyde (bur. 2 November 1709)
  • Lady Jane Hyde (d. January 1723/1724), married William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex
    William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex
    William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex, KG, PC was the son of the 2nd Earl of Essex.Capell was one of the founding governors of the charity, the Foundling Hospital, created in October 1739 to care for abandoned children....

     on 27 November 1718
  • Lady Catherine Hyde (c. 1701 – 17 July 1777), married Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry
    Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry
    Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry, 2nd Duke of Dover, PC was a Scottish nobleman.The son of James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, 1st Duke of Dover, and Mary Boyle, daughter of Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan, was a Privy Counsellor and Vice Admiral of Scotland.He took up the cause...

     on 10 March 1720
  • Lady Charlotte Hyde (c.1707 – 17 March 1740)
  • Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury
    Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury
    Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury , styled Viscount Hyde from 1711 until 1723 and Viscount Cornbury thereafter, also 5th Baron Hyde in his own right, was a British author and politician....

    (1710–1753)

External links