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was born in Rodney Street
Rodney Street in Liverpool, England is noted for the number of doctors and its Georgian architecture. It is sometimes known as the "Harley Street of the North". Together with Hope Street and Gambier Terrace it forms the Rodney Street conservation area...
Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England, along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. It was founded as a borough in 1207 and was granted city status in 1880...
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...
. A descendant of the Booths of Twemlow
Twemlow is a civil parish, containing the village of Twemlow Green in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. According to the 2001 Official UK Census, the population of the entire civil parish was 168.Twemlow lies along the A535 road.From the 16th to...
, he was a corn merchant, businessman and engineer.
During 1825 Booth was a vigorous proponent of the pioneering Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company (L&M). At the first general meeting of the railway's shareholders on 29 May 1826, he was appointed to be one of the L&M's twelve initial directors. Next day the directors appointed him as company secretary and treasurer—equivalent to the post of chief executive officer—at a salary of £500 a year. He continued to competently fill those important posts until 1846. Booth was a leading proponent of working all British railways to one standard time.
On the formation of the London & North Western Railway (LNWR) on 16 July 1846, he became a director of the new large company, serving until 1859. He was also the LNWR's first secretary between 1846 and 1848.
Booth proposed the basic design of the first multi-tubular boiler
A fire-tube boiler is a type of boiler in which hot gases from a fire pass through one or more tubes running through a sealed container of water...
, invented by Marc Seguin
Marc Seguin was a French engineer, inventor of the wire-cable suspension bridge and the multi-tubular steam-engine boiler.- Biography :...
, used on Stephenson's Rocket
Stephenson's Rocket was an early steam locomotive of 0-2-2 wheel arrangement, built in Newcastle Upon Tyne at the Forth Street Works of Robert Stephenson and Company in 1829.- Design innovations :...
steam locomotive built in late 1829 for the L&M Railway.