He Dan JiaHe Dan Jia
The Chinese language is a language or language family consisting of varieties which are mutually intelligible to varying degrees. Originally the indigenous languages spoken by the Han Chinese in China, it forms one of the branches of Sino-Tibetan family of languages...
, born Zi Zheng
), was a Shang Dynasty
The Shang Dynasty or Yin Dynasty was, according to traditional sources, the second Chinese dynasty, after the Xia. They ruled in the northeastern regions of the area known as "China proper" in the Yellow River valley...
King of China.
In the Records of the Grand Historian
The Records of the Grand Historian, also known in English by the Chinese name Shiji , written from 109 BC to 91 BC, was the Magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the Yellow Emperor until his own time...
he was listed by Sima Qian
Sima Qian was a Prefect of the Grand Scribes of the Han Dynasty. He is regarded as the father of Chinese historiography for his highly praised work, Records of the Grand Historian , a "Jizhuanti"-style general history of China, covering more than two thousand years from the Yellow Emperor to...
as the twelfth Shang king, succeeding his father Wai Ren
Wai Ren Wai Ren Wai Ren (Chinese: 外壬, born Zi Fa (Chinese: 子發), was a Shang Dynasty King of China.In the Records of the Grand Historian he was listed by Sima Qian as the eleventh Shang king, succeeding his brother Zhong Ding (Chinese: 仲丁). He was enthroned in the year of Gengxu (Chinese: 庚戌) with...
). He was enthroned in the year of Gengshen (Chinese: 庚申
) with Ao (Chinese: 隞
) as his capital. In the first year of his reign, he moved his capital to Xiang (Chinese: 相
). In the third year of his reign, his Minister Pengbo (Chinese: 彭伯
) conquered Pei (Chinese: 邳
) who had rebelled against his father. In the fourth year of his reign he launched another attack against the Blue Barbarians. In the fifth year of his reign the Xian (Chinese: 侁人
) occupied Banfang (Chinese: 班方
) but were later defeated by the king's ministers Pengbo and Weibo (Chinese: 韦伯
) and sent an envoy to the Shang. He ruled for 9 years before his death. He was given the posthumous name He Dan Jia and was succeeded by his son Zu Yi
Zu Yi Zu Yi Zu Yi (Chinese: 祖乙, born Zi Teng (Chinese: 子滕), was a Shang Dynasty King of China.In the Records of the Grand Historian he was listed by Sima Qian as the thirteenth Shang king, succeeding his Father He Dan Jia (Chinese: 河亶甲). He was enthroned in the year of Jisi (Chinese: 己巳) with Xiang...
Oracle script inscriptions on bones unearthed at Yinxu
Yinxu is the ruins of the last capital of China's Shang Dynasty. The capital served 255 years for 12 kings in 8 generations.Rediscovered in 1899, it is one of the oldest and largest archeological sites in China and is one of the historical capitals of China and a UNESCO World Heritage Site...
alternatively record that he was the eleventh Shang king, given the posthumous name Jian Jia (Chinese: 戔錢
) and succeeded by his brother Zu Yi.