Grand Bazaar, Istanbul

Grand Bazaar, Istanbul

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The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul
Istanbul
Istanbul , historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople , is the largest city of Turkey. Istanbul metropolitan province had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey's population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe after London and...

 is one of the largest and oldest covered markets
Bazaar
A bazaar , Cypriot Greek: pantopoula) is a permanent merchandising area, marketplace, or street of shops where goods and services are exchanged or sold. The term is sometimes also used to refer to the "network of merchants, bankers and craftsmen" who work that area...

 in the world, with more than 58 covered streets and over 4,000 shops which attract between 250,000 and half a million visitors daily.

History


The grand bazaar began construction in 1455 and opened in 1461. It is well known for its jewelry, pottery, spice, and carpet shops. Many of the stalls in the bazaar are grouped by the type of goods, with special areas for leather coats, gold jewelry and the like.

The bazaar contains two bedestens (domed masonry structures built for storage and safe keeping), the first of which was constructed between 1455 and 1461 by the order of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Mehmed II
Mehmed II , was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to September 1446, and later from...

. The bazaar was vastly enlarged in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman I was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the East, as "The Lawgiver" , for his complete reconstruction of the Ottoman legal system...

, and in 1894 underwent a major restoration following an earthquake.

Today, the grand bazaar houses two mosques, two hamams, four fountains, and multiple restaurants and cafes. The sprawling complex consists of 12 major buildings and has 22 doors.


Streets, hans and gates


The Grand Bazaar has four main gates situated at the ends of its two major streets which intersect near the southwestern corner of the bazaar. One street connects the Bayezid II Mosque and Bayezid Square with the Nuruosmaniye Mosque
Nuruosmaniye Mosque
The Nuruosmaniye Mosque is an Ottoman mosque located in the Çemberlitaş neighbourhood of Fatih district in Istanbul, Turkey. It is considered one of the finest examples of mosques in Ottoman Baroque style. It was built by architects Mustafa Ağa and Simon Kalfa from the order of Sultan Mahmut I and...

.
Street Han Gate
Acıçeşme Ağa Beyazıt
Ağa Alipaşa Çarşıkapı
Altuncular Astarcı Çuhacıhan
Aminçiler Balyacı Kuyumcular
Araracıoğlu Bodrum Mahmutpaşa
Aynacılar Cebeci Nuruosmaniye
Basmacılar Çukur Örücüler
Çuhacıhanı Evliya Sepetçihan
Bitpazarı Hatipemin Takkeciler
Fesçiler İçcebeci Tavukpazarı
Ganiçelebi İmamali Zenneciler
Hacıhasan Kalcılar
Hacıhüsnü Kapılar
Hacımemiş Kaşıkçı
Halıcılar Kebapçı
Hazırelbiseciler Kızlarağası
İplikçiler Mercan
Kahvehane Perdahçı
Kalpakçılar Rabia
Karakol Safran
Karamanlıoğlu Sarnıçlı
Kavaflar Sarraf
Kazazlar Sepetçi
Keseciler Sorguçlu
Kilitçiler Varakçı
Kolancılar Yağcı
Koltukçu Yolgeçen
Kürkçüler Zincirli
Lütfullahefendi
Mercançıkmazı
Muhafazacılar
Mühürdaremin
Ortakazazcılar
Örücülerhamamı
Parçacılar
Perdahçılar
Püskülcüler
Reisoğlu
Ressam
Sahaflarbedesteni
Sandal
Sandalbedesteni
Serpuççular
Sıra odalar
Sipahi
Tacirler
Takkeciler
Tavukpazarı
Terlikçiler
Terzibaşı
Terziler
Tuğcular
Varakçıhan
Yağlıkçılar
Yarımtaşhan
Yeşildirek
Yorgancılar
Yüncühasan
Zenneciler

External links