Galilee earthquake of 1837

Galilee earthquake of 1837

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The Galilee earthquake of 1837, often called the Safed earthquake, was a devastating earthquake
Earthquake
An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. The seismicity, seismism or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time...

 that shook the Galilee
Galilee
Galilee , is a large region in northern Israel which overlaps with much of the administrative North District of the country. Traditionally divided into Upper Galilee , Lower Galilee , and Western Galilee , extending from Dan to the north, at the base of Mount Hermon, along Mount Lebanon to the...

 on January 1, 1837.

Impact

  • Lubya
    Lubya
    Lubya was a Palestinian Arab town located ten kilometers west of Tiberias that was captured and destroyed by Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War...

    : The American scholar Edward Robinson
    Edward Robinson (scholar)
    Edward Robinson was an American biblical scholar, known as the “Father of Biblical Geography.” He has been referred to as the “founder of modern Palestinology.” -Biography:...

    , who passed through the village in 1838 noted that it had suffered greatly from the earthquake the preceding year, with 143 villagers reported dead.
  • Jubb Yussef (Joseph's Well)
    Jubb Yussef (Joseph's Well)
    The ruins at Jubb Yussef in the Galilee are identified with the pit in Dothan, into which the Biblical figure Joseph was cast into by his brothers, later to be sold to a caravan of Midianites making its way toward Egypt...

     collapsed and since then has not been mentioned as a source of water.
  • Safad: the earthquake killed 2,158 inhabitants, of which 1,507 were Ottoman subjects, Muslim or Jewish. The north, Jewish section of the town was almost entirely destroyed, while the south, Moslem section suffered far less damage.
  • Beirut
    Beirut
    Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon, with a population ranging from 1 million to more than 2 million . Located on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon's Mediterranean coastline, it serves as the country's largest and main seaport, and also forms the Beirut Metropolitan...

    : The shock was comparatively slight in Beirut, many houses were damaged and others completely destroyed.
  • Jish
    Jish
    Jish is an Arab town located on the northeastern slopes of Mt. Meron, north of Safed, in Israel's North District. The population is predominantly Maronite Christian and Greek Catholic with a Muslim minority....

    : Every house in the village and the local church had been destroyed. In the latter, 135 people were killed.
  • Tiberias: Heavy damage was sustained and 600 people were killed in the town.
  • Other villages affected include Shajara, Kafr Kanna, and Reineh
    Reineh
    Reineh, or Reine is an Israeli Arab village in the Galilee, located between Nazareth and Qana of Galilee. The village attained Local council status in 1968...

    .

See also


Historical earthquakes
Historical earthquakes
Historical earthquakes is a list of significant earthquakes from before the 20th century. As the events listed here occurred before routine instrumental recordings, they rely mainly on the analysis of written sources. There is often significant uncertainty in location and magnitude and sometimes...