is an American
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan in the United States during the mid to late 1980s. The first recorded use of the word techno, in reference to a genre of music, was in 1988...
and house music
House music is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in Chicago, Illinois, United States in the early 1980s. It was initially popularized in mid-1980s discothèques catering to the African-American, Latino American, and gay communities; first in Chicago circa 1984, then in other...
A disc jockey, also known as DJ, is a person who selects and plays recorded music for an audience. Originally, "disc" referred to phonograph records, not the later Compact Discs. Today, the term includes all forms of music playback, no matter the medium.There are several types of disc jockeys...
from New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...
. He is best known for bringing the rave
Rave, rave dance, and rave party are parties that originated mostly from acid house parties, which featured fast-paced electronic music and light shows. At these parties people dance and socialize to dance music played by disc jockeys and occasionally live performers...
culture to the United States after playing at a hangar
A hangar is a closed structure to hold aircraft or spacecraft in protective storage. Most hangars are built of metal, but other materials such as wood and concrete are also sometimes used...
party in the UK
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...
during 1989. Frankie Bones, the first American DJ to play these raves, is considered to be 'The Godfather of American Rave Culture'.
He got his first inspiration from his father's vast record collection after his father was murdered. Later on, after he had begun producing records, he was offered a gig to play for 5,000 people in England called "Energy" on the strength of his compositions. As the event started on August 26, 1989, the projected attendance had gone through the roof and Frankie played to 25,000 people while the sun came up. At this event, a fight broke out and Frankie got on a speaker
A loudspeaker is an electroacoustic transducer that produces sound in response to an electrical audio signal input. Non-electrical loudspeakers were developed as accessories to telephone systems, but electronic amplification by vacuum tube made loudspeakers more generally useful...
, screaming at the fighters, "If you don't start showing some peace, love, and unity, I'll break your fucking faces". With the subsequent discussion of this event on the Usenet
Usenet is a worldwide distributed Internet discussion system. It developed from the general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name.Duke University graduate students Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis conceived the idea in 1979 and it was established in 1980...
, Respect was added to the three virtues Frankie was speaking of, creating the hippie
The hippie subculture was originally a youth movement that arose in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world. The etymology of the term 'hippie' is from hipster, and was initially used to describe beatniks who had moved into San Francisco's...
-esque raver credo
A credo |Latin]] for "I Believe") is a statement of belief, commonly used for religious belief, such as the Apostles' Creed. The term especially refers to the use of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed in the Mass, either as text, Gregorian chant, or other musical settings of the...
Peace Love Unity Respect, commonly shortened with PLUR, is a credo or mantra of the rave culture. Many in the rave scene have heard this term at some time or another, although its common usage is relatively recent. Early 1990s and mid-1980s ravers often followed similar principles as did the...
Peace is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of violent conflict. Commonly understood as the absence of hostility, peace also suggests the existence of healthy or newly healed interpersonal or international relationships, prosperity in matters of social or economic welfare, the...
Love is an emotion of strong affection and personal attachment. In philosophical context, love is a virtue representing all of human kindness, compassion, and affection. Love is central to many religions, as in the Christian phrase, "God is love" or Agape in the Canonical gospels...
, Unity, and Respect
Respect denotes both a positive feeling of esteem for a person or other entity , and also specific actions and conduct representative of that esteem. Respect can be a specific feeling of regard for the actual qualities of the one respected...
Being profoundly moved by the experience, he brought it back to Brooklyn in the form of his series of Storm Raves.
The Storm Raves events began with only a few hundred people in attendance growing to over 5,000 where the likes of Josh Wink, Doc Martin, Sven Vath, DJ Keoki and Richie Hawtin were able to launch their performances into international careers. The Berlin Love Parade, which is generally considered to be the largest rave in the world, named its 1991 and 1992 Parades after well-known compositions by Frankie Bones.
His brother, Adam X (musician), is a well-known techno DJ and producer. Frankie Bones, Adam X, Heather Heart and others are associated with the record label Sonic Groove. He co-owned, with Adam and Heather, a record store with the same name as his label at 41 Carmine St in New York City. The shop closed in 2004.
- B2B (12") – ESP-SUN Records
- Dirty Job (12") – X-Sight Records
- High I.Q. (2x10") – Hyperspace
- In The Socket (12") – ESP-SUN Records
- The Candle EP (12") – High Octane Recordings
- The Mutha Fuckin Good Life (12") – Underground Construction
- The Way U Like It (12") – Bellboy Records
- We Call It Tekkno (12") – Bash Again!
- Baseball Fury (12") – Sonic Groove
- Masters Of The Hardgroove (12") – Hard To Swallow
- My House Is Your House (12") – Bash Again!
- Electrophonic (12") – E Series
- Filthy Dirty Animal Crackers (12") – Blueline Music
- Remains 10 (12") – Remains
- The Falcon Has Landed (12") – Hard To Swallow
- The US Ghetto Selecta (12") – Pro-Jex
- Speedometer EP (12") – Synchronicity Recordings
Albums / DJ mixes
- DJ Techno Mix Vol. 1 (CD) – Beast Records
- Global House Culture Vol. 2 (CD) – ESP-SUN Records
- Computer Controlled (CD) – X-Sight Records
- Dance Madness And The Brooklyn Groove (CD) – BMG
- United DJs Of America Vol. 6 - Frankie Bones - Brooklyn, NY (CD) – Moonshine
- Army Of One (CD) – System Recordings
- Al-Naafiysh (The Soul) Prof.File 2: Frankie Bones, Turntable Specialist (CD) (BML) (USA)
- Technolo-G (CD) Roadrunner Records (USA)(1998)
- You Know My Name (CD) Moonshine Music (2000)
- Escape from Brooklyn (CD)
- Factory 303 - Frankie Bones Continuous Mix (2000)
- http://www.frankiebones.com – Frankie Bones official homepage
- Frankie Bones discography at Discogs
Discogs, short for discographies, is a website and database of information about audio recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and bootleg or off-label releases. The Discogs servers, currently hosted under the domain name discogs.com, are owned by Zink Media, Inc., and are...