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Francisco de Moura y Melo, 3rd Marquis of Castel Rodrigo
, (in full), (1610 – 26 November 1675) was a Spanish
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...
Francisco de Moura was the son of Emmanuel de Moura, who had been Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands between 1644 and 1647, and of Leonor de Melo. He was Gentleman of the Chamber of King Philip IV
Philip IV was King of Spain between 1621 and 1665, sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands, and King of Portugal until 1640...
, later member of his council of state and his ambassador to Vienna in 1651.
He was named Duke of Nocera
Nocera Inferiore, formerly Nocera dei Pagani, is a town and comune in Campania, Italy, in the province of Salerno, at the foot of Monte Albino, 20 km east-south-east of Naples by rail.-History:...
on 10 August 1656, and served as Viceroy of Sardinia between 1657 and 1661, and Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands between 1664 and 1668. Under his administration the Spanish Netherlands suffered a French invasion during the War of Devolution
The War of Devolution saw Louis XIV's French armies overrun the Habsburg-controlled Spanish Netherlands and the Franche-Comté, but forced to give most of it back by a Triple Alliance of England, Sweden, and the Dutch Republic in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.-Background:Louis's claims to the...
. By now, Spain was so weak that it could put up very little resistance to the French assault. The French even spoke of "une promenade militaire." Moura died in Madrid
Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 million and the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be 6.271 million. It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan...
in December of 1675.