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Euphemia of Kuyavia

Euphemia of Kuyavia

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Euphemia of Kuyavia was a Kuyavian princess, she was Queen consort of Galicia-Volhynia.

She was the daughter of Casimir I of Kuyavia
Casimir I of Kuyavia
Casimir I of Kuyavia was Prince of Kujawy, Mazovia and Wielkopolska, from 1233 until his death. He was the son of Konrad I of Masovia, King of Poland, and his wife Agafia of Rus.- Life :...

 by his third wife Euphrosyne
Euphrosyne of Opole
Euphrosyne of Opole was a daughter of Casimir I of Opole and his wife Viola, Duchess of Opole. She was a member of the House of Piast and became Duchess of Kujavia from her first marriage and Duchess of Pomerania from her second marriage.- Family :Euphrosyne's paternal grandparents were Mieszko I...

, daughter of Casimir I of Opole
Casimir I of Opole
Casimir I of Opole was a Duke of Opole-Racibórz from 1211 until his death.He was the eldest child and only son of Mieszko I Tanglefoot, Duke of Opole-Racibórz and High Duke of Poland, and his wife Ludmilla, probably a Přemyslid princess.-Early life:Little is known about his early years of life,...

. Euphemia was sister of Władysław I the Elbow-high, she was wife of Yuri I of Galicia and mother of Andrew of Galicia
Andrew of Galicia
Andriy II Yuriyevych or Andrew of Galicia was the last Rus' king of Galicia-Volhynia in 1308–1323 . He was the son of Yuriy I whom he succeeded on the royal throne of Galicia. His mother was Euphemia of Kuyavia. After the death of his father, he ruled the kingdom together with his...

 and Lev II of Galicia
Lev II of Galicia
Lev Yurevich or Lev II of Galicia was the last Rurikid king of Galicia-Volhynia in 1308–1323 . He was the son of Yuri I of Galicia whom he succeeded on the royal throne of Galicia. After the death of his father, he ruled the kingdom together with his brother Andrey. His mother was Euphemia...

.

The only preserved evidence of Euphemia's existence is from Jan Dlugosz
Jan Dlugosz
Jan Długosz was a Polish priest, chronicler, diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków....

's Yearbooks, which reported that on March 18, 1308 Euphemia died and she was the daughter of Prince Casimir and the wife of Yuri I, who died in the same year on April 21, which was also his birthday.

Birth


Her parents' marriage was concluded in mid 1257, her father died on December 14, 1267. Thus, Euphemia soon after the wedding. Literature puts her birth at around 1265. In the absence of sources of an accurate date of birth, it is not possible to determine when Euphemia was born.

It is most likely that Euphemia was name after her aunt, Euphemia of Greater Poland
Euphemia of Greater Poland
Euphemia of Greater Poland , was a Polish princess member of the House of Piast from the Greater Poland branch and by marriage was Duchess of Kalisz, Wieluń and Opole-Racibórz....

. There is also a possibility, though less likely, that she received her name from a daughter of Swantopolk II, Duke of Pomerania because her father tried to make peace with him.

Marriage


As reported by Jan Dlugosz, Euphemia was married to Yuri I of Galicia. The date of the wedding is however unknown. Certainly, the marriage took place before the second half 1290, the year in which Euphemia's niece, Fenenna of Kuyavia
Fenenna of Kuyavia
Fenenna of Kuyavia was a Polish princess member of the House of Piast in the Mazovia branch and by marriage Queen of Hungary....

 married Andrew III of Hungary. There are however some predictions of when the marriage took place.

One of these declares that the marriage took place in the summer of 1289. When Yuri was in competition for the throne of Cracow between Euphemia's cousin, Boleslaw II of Masovia and Henry IV Probus Euphemia's brother helped Yuri. According to this hypothesis in the summer of 1289 the situation changed when Conrad II of Masovia's brother the Prince of Plock brother decided to separate Sandomierz
Sandomierz
Sandomierz is a city in south-eastern Poland with 25,714 inhabitants . Situated in the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship , previously in Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship . It is the capital of Sandomierz County . Sandomierz is known for its Old Town, a major tourist attraction...

 from his brother. Lesser knights opposing the plan began to promote the plans of Euphemia's half-brother, Ziemomysł of Kuyavia
Ziemomysł of Kuyavia
Ziemomysł of Kuyavia was Prince of Kuyavia from 1267-1271 and 1278-1287. He was a member of the large House of Piast- Early life :...

. This strengthened Lev I of Galicia's claim over the other candidates for the throne of Krakow
Kraków
Kraków also Krakow, or Cracow , is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life...

. In return for the military aid against the Duke of Mazovia, Lev I received Lublin
Lublin
Lublin is the ninth largest city in Poland. It is the capital of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 350,392 . Lublin is also the largest Polish city east of the Vistula river...

. An alliance with Euphemia's brother meant Euphemia could marry his son, Yuri.

Children


Euphemia and Yuri I were parents to four children:
  1. Andrew of Galicia
    Andrew of Galicia
    Andriy II Yuriyevych or Andrew of Galicia was the last Rus' king of Galicia-Volhynia in 1308–1323 . He was the son of Yuriy I whom he succeeded on the royal throne of Galicia. His mother was Euphemia of Kuyavia. After the death of his father, he ruled the kingdom together with his...

     (d.1323), King of Halych-Volhynia
  2. Lev II of Galicia
    Lev II of Galicia
    Lev Yurevich or Lev II of Galicia was the last Rurikid king of Galicia-Volhynia in 1308–1323 . He was the son of Yuri I of Galicia whom he succeeded on the royal throne of Galicia. After the death of his father, he ruled the kingdom together with his brother Andrey. His mother was Euphemia...

     (d.1323), King of Galicia-Volhynia
  3. Maria
    Heiress Maria of the Duchies of Galicia
    Heiress Maria of the Duchies of Galicia was wife to George II of Halych and sister to Leo II of Halych and Andrew of Halych, daughter of George I of Halych...

     (d. January 11, 1341), married Trojden I of Masovia
  4. Anastasia (d.1364-65), married Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver, they were parents of Uliana of Tver, who was the mother of Jogaila
    Jogaila
    Jogaila, later 'He is known under a number of names: ; ; . See also: Jogaila : names and titles. was Grand Duke of Lithuania , king consort of Kingdom of Poland , and sole King of Poland . He ruled in Lithuania from 1377, at first with his uncle Kęstutis...


Ancestors