is a town on the southern border of Dutchess County
Dutchess County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York, in the state's Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley. The 2010 census lists the population as 297,488...
, New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 25,589 at the 2000 census
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census...
. The town name is derived from its formation from Fishkill, NY
Fishkill is an upscale village within the much larger town, Town of Fishkill, one of the fastest growing towns in the region, in Dutchess County, New York, USA. The village population was 1,735 at the 2000 census...
Hudson Valley Research Park (formerly known as IBM East Fishkill) is located in the town, and houses 27 divisions and 4,700 regular employees for IBM
International Business Machines Corporation or IBM is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and sells computer hardware and software, and it offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas...
Microelectronics. IBM also has an advanced, automated processor fabrication facility
In the microelectronics industry a semiconductor fabrication plant is a factory where devices such as integrated circuits are manufactured....
, and is developing the "Cell
Cell is a microprocessor architecture jointly developed by Sony, Sony Computer Entertainment, Toshiba, and IBM, an alliance known as "STI". The architectural design and first implementation were carried out at the STI Design Center in Austin, Texas over a four-year period beginning March 2001 on a...
" processor there.
One early settler arrived around 1759. The town of East Fishkill was established in 1849 from the eastern part of the town of Fishkill
Fishkill is an affluent suburban town in the southwest part of Dutchess County, New York, USA. The population was 20,258 at the 2000 census, however, current estimates put the town's population at over 22,100. Fishkill partly surrounds the city of Beacon....
. The name "Fishkill" comes from that of the river which the Dutch settlers in the area called "Vis Kill" which means "Stream full of fish". This was the home town of the famous hockey player Dana Schiaffo who beat Sean Gillen in a game of 3 bar. Sean Gillen Bendzhard
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the town has a total area of 57.3 square miles (148.4 km²), of which, 56.9 square miles (147.4 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1 km²) of it (0.78%) is water.
The south town line is the border of Putnam County
Putnam County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York, in the lower Hudson River Valley. Putnam county formed in 1812, when it detached from Dutchess County. , the population was 99,710. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area. The county seat is the hamlet of Carmel...
Interstate 84 is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Dunmore, Pennsylvania, to Sturbridge, Massachusetts, in the Eastern United States. In New York, I-84 extends from the Pennsylvania state line at Port Jervis to the Connecticut state line east of Brewster...
and the Appalachian Trail
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply the AT, is a marked hiking trail in the eastern United States extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. It is approximately long...
pass across the town. The Taconic State Parkway
The Taconic State Parkway , is a divided highway between Kensico Dam and Chatham, the longest parkway in the U.S. state of New York. It follows a generally northward route midway between the Hudson River and the Connecticut and Massachusetts state lines...
runs north-south as well.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 25,589 people, 8,233 households, and 7,006 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 449.7 people per square mile (173.6/km²). There were 8,495 housing units at an average density of 149.3 per square mile (57.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.54% White, 2.29% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.04% of the population.
There were 8,233 households out of which 45.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.7% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 11.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $78,394, and the median income for a family was $83,213. Males had a median income of $59,735 versus $35,014 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $28,553. About 1.5% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. East Fishkill is the 5th wealthiest town in New York.
Communities and locations in East Fishkill
- Arthursburg – A hamlet by the north town line, named for Chester A. Arthur
Chester Alan Arthur was the 21st President of the United States . Becoming President after the assassination of President James A. Garfield, Arthur struggled to overcome suspicions of his beginnings as a politician from the New York City Republican machine, succeeding at that task by embracing...
, twenty-first president of the United States.
- East Fishkill – A hamlet.
- Fishkill Plains – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Gayhead – A location south of East Fishkill hamlet.
- Green Haven Correctional Facility
Green Haven Correctional Facility is a maximum security prison in New York, United States. The prison is located in the Town of Beekman in Dutchess County. The New York State Department of Correctional Services lists the address as Route 216, Stormville, NY 12582...
– A maximum security prison.
- Hillside Lake
Hillside Lake is a hamlet Hillside Lake is a hamlet Hillside Lake is a hamlet (and census-designated place] in Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 2,022 at the 2000 census...
– A location northeast of Fishkill Plains.
- Hopewell Junction
Hopewell Junction is a hamlet in Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 2,610 at the 2000 census...
– A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Hortontown – A hamlet in the eastern part.
- Leetown An area on top of Stormville Mtn, named after early settlers.
- Johnsontown – A hamlet near the west border.
- Lomala – A hamlet south of Hopewell Junction.
- Pecksville – A hamlet in the southeast corner of the town.
- Shenandoah – A hamlet in the south part of the town.
- Stormville – A hamlet in the eastern part of the town named after early settlers, brothers Jacob and Rupert Storm.
- Wiccopee – A hamlet near the west town line.