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Earl of Carysfort

Earl of Carysfort

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Earl of Carysfort was a title in the Peerage of Ireland
Peerage of Ireland
The Peerage of Ireland is the term used for those titles of nobility created by the English and later British monarchs of Ireland in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland. The creation of such titles came to an end in the 19th century. The ranks of the Irish peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl,...

. It was created in 1789 for the John Proby, 2nd Baron Carysfort
John Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort
John Joshua Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort, KP, PC, PC , FRS was a British judge, diplomat Whig politician and poet.-Background and education:...

. The Proby family descended from Sir Peter Proby, Lord Mayor of London
Lord Mayor of London
The Right Honourable Lord Mayor of London is the legal title for the Mayor of the City of London Corporation. The Lord Mayor of London is to be distinguished from the Mayor of London; the former is an officer only of the City of London, while the Mayor of London is the Mayor of Greater London and...

 in 1622. His great-great-grandson John Proby represented Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Huntingdonshire was a Parliamentary constituency covering the county of Huntingdonshire in England. It was represented in the House of Commons of England until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and then in the House of Commons the Parliament of the United...

 and Stamford
Stamford (UK Parliament constituency)
Stamford was a constituency in the county of Lincolnshire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918...

 in the House of Commons
British House of Commons
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords . Both Commons and Lords meet in the Palace of Westminster. The Commons is a democratically elected body, consisting of 650 members , who are known as Members...

. His son and namesake John Proby
John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort
John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort KB PC was a British Whig politician.Carysfort was the son of John Proby, of Elton Hall, Huntingdonshire, and his wife Jane, daughter of John Leveson-Gower, 1st Baron Gower, and was educated at Jesus College, Cambridge...

 was a Whig politician and notably served as a (civilian) Lord of the Admiralty. In 1752 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland
Peerage of Ireland
The Peerage of Ireland is the term used for those titles of nobility created by the English and later British monarchs of Ireland in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland. The creation of such titles came to an end in the 19th century. The ranks of the Irish peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl,...

 as Baron Carysfort, of Carysfort in the County of Wicklow. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baron. He was also a politician and was created Earl of Carysfort in the Peerage of Ireland in 1789. In 1801 he was further honoured when he was made Baron Carysfort, of the Hundred of Norman Cross in the County of Huntingdon, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him a seat in the British House of Lords. His eldest son and heir apparent, William Proby, Lord Proby
William Proby, Lord Proby
William Allen Proby, Lord Proby was a British Royal Navy officer and Whig politician.-Background and education:...

, predeceased him.

Lord Carysfort was therefore succeeded by his second son, the second Earl. He was a General in the Army. He died unmarried and was succeeded in 1855 by his younger brother Granville Leveson Proby, the third Earl. He was a Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...

 and finally became an Admiral
Admiral
Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. It is usually considered a full admiral and above vice admiral and below admiral of the fleet . It is usually abbreviated to "Adm" or "ADM"...

 on 9 July 1857. On his death on 3 November 1868 the titles passed to his second but eldest surviving son, the fourth Earl. He was a Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

 politician and had served as Comptroller of the Household
Comptroller of the Household
The Comptroller of the Household is an ancient position in the English royal household, currently the second-ranking member of the Lord Steward's department, and often a cabinet member. He was an ex officio member of the Board of Green Cloth, until that body was abolished in the reform of the local...

 from 1859 to 1866. He died childless and was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth Earl. He served as Lord-Lieutenant of County Wicklow from 1890 to 1909. He was also childless and on his death in 1909 all the titles became extinct.

Lady Elizabeth Emma Proby, daughter of the third Earl, married Lord Claud Hamilton
Lord Claud Hamilton (1813-1884)
Lord Claud Hamilton PC was a British Conservative politician. He notably served as Treasurer of the Household in 1852 and between 1858 and 1859 and as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1866 and 1868....

, grandson of John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn
John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn
John James Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn KG, PC was an Irish peer and politician.-Background:He was the son of Captain Hon. John Hamilton and grandson of James Hamilton, 7th Earl of Abercorn. He was educated at Harrow and Pembroke College, Cambridge...

. Their son Colonel Douglas Hamilton
Douglas Proby
Douglas James Proby DL, JP , known as Douglas Hamilton until 1904, was a British politician and soldier.-Background:...

 inherited parts of the Proby estates, including Elton Hall in Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire is a local government district of Cambridgeshire, covering the area around Huntingdon. Traditionally it is a county in its own right...

, and assumed by Royal license the surname of Proby in lieu of Hamilton in 1904. His son Richard George Proby was created a Baronet, of Elton Hall in the County of Huntingdon, in 1952 (see Proby Baronets
Proby Baronets
There have been two Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Proby, one in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The first creation is extinct while the second creation is still extant....

).

Hugh Proby, third son of the third Earl, was the founder of Kanyaka Station
Kanyaka Station
Kanyaka Station was a cattle and sheep station in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia approximately 40 km north of Quorn, South Australia.- History :Kanyaka Station was established as a cattle station in February 1852 by Hugh Proby...

 in the Flinders Ranges
Flinders Ranges
Flinders Ranges is the largest mountain range in South Australia, which starts approximately north west of Adelaide. The discontinuous ranges stretch for over from Port Pirie to Lake Callabonna...

 of South Australia
South Australia
South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent; with a total land area of , it is the fourth largest of Australia's six states and two territories.South Australia shares borders with all of the mainland...

.

The heir apparent
Heir apparent
An heir apparent or heiress apparent is a person who is first in line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting, except by a change in the rules of succession....

 to the earldom used the invented courtesy title
Courtesy title
A courtesy title is a form of address in systems of nobility used for children, former wives and other close relatives of a peer. These styles are used 'by courtesy' in the sense that the relatives do not themselves hold substantive titles...

 of Lord Proby.

Barons Carysfort (1752)

  • John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort
    John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort
    John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort KB PC was a British Whig politician.Carysfort was the son of John Proby, of Elton Hall, Huntingdonshire, and his wife Jane, daughter of John Leveson-Gower, 1st Baron Gower, and was educated at Jesus College, Cambridge...

     (1720–1772)
  • John Joshua Proby, 2nd Baron Carysfort
    John Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort
    John Joshua Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort, KP, PC, PC , FRS was a British judge, diplomat Whig politician and poet.-Background and education:...

     (1751–1828) (created Earl of Carysfort in 1789)

Earls of Carysfort (1789)

  • John Joshua Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort
    John Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort
    John Joshua Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort, KP, PC, PC , FRS was a British judge, diplomat Whig politician and poet.-Background and education:...

     (1751–1828)
    • William Allen Proby, Lord Proby
      William Proby, Lord Proby
      William Allen Proby, Lord Proby was a British Royal Navy officer and Whig politician.-Background and education:...

       (1779–1804)
  • John Proby, 2nd Earl of Carysfort
    John Proby, 2nd Earl of Carysfort
    John Proby, 2nd Earl of Carysfort , known as Lord Proby from 1804 to 1828, was a British military commander and Whig politician....

     (1780–1855)
  • Granville Leveson Proby, 3rd Earl of Carysfort
    Granville Proby, 3rd Earl of Carysfort
    Granville Leveson Proby, 3rd Earl of Carysfort , known as the Honourable Granville Proby until 1855, was a British naval commander and Whig politician....

     (1782–1868)
    • John Joshua Proby, Lord Proby (1823–1858)
  • Granville Leveson Proby, 4th Earl of Carysfort
    Granville Proby, 4th Earl of Carysfort
    Granville Leveson Proby, 4th Earl of Carysfort KP, PC , styled Lord Proby from 1858 to 1868, was a British Liberal politician...

     (1824–1872)
  • William Proby, 5th Earl of Carysfort
    William Proby, 5th Earl of Carysfort
    William Proby, 5th Earl of Carysfort KP , known as William Proby until 1872, was a British peer.Carysfort was the fourth son and youngest child of Admiral Granville Proby, 3rd Earl of Carysfort, and his wife Isabella , who died only four days after his birth. He was educated at Eton and Trinity...

    (1836–1909)