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Cruz del Eje
is a city in the . It has about 28,000 inhabitants as of the . It is the head town of the department
Departments form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. There are no departments in the city of Buenos Aires, which has so far been divided into neighbourhoods as its administrative divisions, but is to be divided now into communes by a recently passed local act...
of the same name, which has a population of about 52,000.
The area of the city was originally inhabited by Comechingón
Comechingón is the common name for a group of people indigenous to the Argentine provinces of Córdoba and San Luis...
aboriginals, which were thoroughly displaced or exterminated by the Spanish
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...
Conquistadors were Spanish soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas under the control of Spain in the 15th to 16th centuries, following Europe's discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus in 1492...
es by the end of the 17th century. The first official owner of the lands was Francisco de Baigorri, as recorded on 1735-09-22, which is taken as the foundation date of the city.
The settlement was linked by a road to the provincial capital, Córdoba
Córdoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about northwest of Buenos Aires. It is the capital of Córdoba Province. Córdoba is the second-largest city in Argentina after the federal capital Buenos Aires, with...
, in 1878, and it was declared a municipality
A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. It can also be used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district...
on 1890-05-08; at the time it had about 4,000 inhabitants. On the latter year the train station
A train station, also called a railroad station or railway station and often shortened to just station,"Station" is commonly understood to mean "train station" unless otherwise qualified. This is evident from dictionary entries e.g...
was also opened. Cruz del Eje's position as a railroad node would lead to a rapid growth in importance, until the dismantlement of the railway workshops in the 1970s.