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is a species of toad
A toad is any of a number of species of amphibians in the order Anura characterized by dry, leathery skin , short legs, and snoat-like parotoid glands...
found in the Western Ghats
The Western Ghats, Western Ghauts or the Sahyādri is a mountain range along the western side of India. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. The Western Ghats block rainfall to the Deccan...
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...
exhibits a crown that lacks bony ridges; its short, projecting snout has an angular canthus rostralis
. Its interorbital space is somewhat broader than the upper eyelid. Its tympanum
The tympanum is an external hearing structure in animals such as frogs, toads, insects, and mammals, to name a few.-Anurans:In frogs and toads, it is located just behind the eye. It does not actually process sound waves; it simply transmits them to the amphibian's inner ear, which is protected...
is very small, and sometimes indistinct. The species' first finger does not extend beyond the second; its toes are nearly entirely webbed, with single subarticular tubercles, two small metatarsal tubercle
A tubercle is generally a wart-like projection, but it has slightly different meaning depending on which family of plants or animals it is used to refer to....
s, and no tarsal fold. The tarso-metatarsal articulation reaches to between the eye and the tip of the snout. Its upper parts are covered with rough tubercles; its parotoids ovate, about twice as long as broad, are rather indistinct. The toad is dark brown as seen from above, with indistinct black spots; its limbs are marbled with carmine
Carmine , also called Crimson Lake, Cochineal, Natural Red #4, C.I. 75470, or E120, is a pigment of a bright-red color obtained from the aluminum salt of carminic acid, which is produced by some scale insects, such as the cochineal beetle and the Polish cochineal, and is used as a general term for...
; its lower surfaces are marbled with brown.
measures 1.75 inches (4.4 cm) from snout to vent.
Travancore Hills, 4000 feet (1,219.2 m).