is a town in Eastern Nepal
Nepal , officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India...
. It is the district headquarters of Bhojpur district
, a hilly/mountainous district in Kosi Zone
Koshi Zone Koshi Zone is divided into six districts:*Bhojpur District*Dhankuta District*Morang District*Sankhuwasabha District*Sunsari District*Terhathum District-See also:*Zones of Nepal*Regions of Nepal*Districts of Nepal...
. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census
The 1991 Nepal census was a widespread national census conducted by the Nepal Central Bureau of Statistics.Working with Nepal's Village Development Committees at a district level,...
it had a population of 5823 people living in 1199 households.
Bhojpur bazaar is home to many skilled Newar
The Newa , Newār or Newāl) are the indigenous people and the creators of the historical civilization of Nepal's Kathmandu Valley. The valley and surrounding territory have been known from ancient times as Nepal Mandala, its limits ever changing through history.Newas have lived in the Kathmandu...
craftsmen, and is famous for its metalwork, particularly khukuri knives. Other major towns in the district include Dingla to the north, Ghoretar to the south, and Taksar near the airstrip, from where flights connect to Biratnagar
. A road is currently under construction to link Bhojpur bazaar with Hile, Dhankuta, Dharan, and the rest of Nepal's North-South Koshi Highway.
Historically it is a part of Majh Kirant/Kirat (middle Kirat), and used to be called "east number 4". Middle Kirat consists mainly of Bhojpur and Khotang districts, the traditional home of kirat Rai people
The Rai are one of Nepal's most ancient indigenous ethnolinguistic groups. They were Raya meaning king. Once someone was recognized as a ruler then Hindus awarded the title Raja, Rai, Raya, Malla etc. When the king Pritivi Narayan Shah couldn't defeat Kirant king , he somehow took them in...
, an indigenous ethnic group of Nepal. In addition to Rais, other ethnic groups include Magars, Gurungs, and Tamangs, as well as castes like Chhetris, Bahuns, and Dalits.
Bhojpur was recently the site of a major incident involving Maoist rebels and the Nepali national security forces on March 3, 2004. An estimated 1,500 Maoists attacked the camps of the security forces at the district headquarters. This incident was the most serious one since the Maoists called off the cease-fire on August 24, 2003. 32 security personnel were killed (both army and police), as well as 42 Maoists rebels, including some women. The telephone tower and the buildings of the District Administrative Office were completely destroyed, while those buildings housing the District Land Revenue Office, Rashtriya Banijya Bank and some private houses were partially destroyed.
Tensions between Maoists and security forces emerged in February 2001 when the Bhojpur VDC headquarters were destroyed. The Khumbuwan Liberation Front (KLF), destroyed the 250-kilowatt micro-hydropower project built by the Chinese on the Pikhuwa river on January 26, 2002. On April 18, 2002, a group of 50-60 rebels destroyed the airport tower by breaking through the gate of the tower, setting it ablaze by pouring kerosene, and destroying important devices by hurling a powerful bomb. Several minor skirmishes had also occurred in northern areas of the district, leading up to the deadly clash in March 2004.