7th Indiana Battery Light Artillery
was an artillery
Originally applied to any group of infantry primarily armed with projectile weapons, artillery has over time become limited in meaning to refer only to those engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the range of effect of personal weapons...
In military organizations, an artillery battery is a unit of guns, mortars, rockets or missiles so grouped in order to facilitate better battlefield communication and command and control, as well as to provide dispersion for its constituent gunnery crews and their systems...
that served in the Union Army
The Union Army was the land force that fought for the Union during the American Civil War. It was also known as the Federal Army, the U.S. Army, the Northern Army and the National Army...
during the American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...
The battery was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana
Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana, and the county seat of Marion County, Indiana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population is 839,489. It is by far Indiana's largest city and, as of the 2010 U.S...
and mustered in for a three year enlistment on December 2, 1861. It was mustered in under the command of Captain George R. Swallow.
The battery was attached to Artillery, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio
The Army of the Ohio was the name of two Union armies in the American Civil War. The first army became the Army of the Cumberland and the second army was created in 1863.-History:...
, to June 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, Army of the Ohio, to September 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, II Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Left Wing, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland
The Army of the Cumberland was one of the principal Union armies in the Western Theater during the American Civil War. It was originally known as the Army of the Ohio.-History:...
, to January 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, XXI Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, XIV Corps, to July 1864. Artillery Brigade, XIV Corps, to October 1864. Garrison Artillery, Chattanooga, Tennessee, Department of the Cumberland, to April 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee, Department of the Cumberland, to July 1865.
Veterans and recruits from the 8th Independent Battery Indiana Light Artillery
8th Indiana Battery Light Artillery was an artillery battery that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.-Service:The battery was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana and mustered in for a three year enlistment on December 13, 1861....
were consolidated with the battery on March 13, 1865. The 7th Indiana Battery Light Artillery mustered out of service on July 20, 1865.
Left Indiana for Louisville, Ky., December 6. Duty at Camp Wickliffe, Ky., until February 1862. Advance on Nashville, Tenn., February 14–25. Occupation of Nashville, February 25 to March 17. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 17-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6–7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. Buell's Campaign in northern Alabama and middle Tennessee June to August. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg to London, Ky., October 1–20. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. (reserve). Nelson's Cross Roads October 18. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 20-November 7 and duty there until December 26. Dobbin's Ferry, near Lavergne, December 9. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26–30. Battle of Stones River December 30–31, 1862 and January 1–3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro until June. Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of middle Tennessee until August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19–20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Lookout Mountain November 23–24. Missionary Ridge November 25. Duty at Chattanooga and Ringgold, Ga., until May 1864. Reconnaissance from Ringgold toward Tunnel Hill April 29. Atlanta Campaign May to September. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8–11. Battle of Resaca May 14–15. Advance on Dallas May 18–25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain June 10-July 2, Pine Hill June 11–14. Lost Mountain June 15–17. Assault on Kennesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5–17. Peachtree Creek July 19–20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5–7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25–30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Ordered to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 20, and post duty there until December. Old members mustered out December 7, 1864. Veterans and recruits on duty at Chattanooga, Tenn., until July 1865.
The battery lost a total of 29 men during service; 1 officer and 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 22 enlisted men died of disease.