is the name of eldest son of King Tai of the Zhou
Zhou may refer to:*Zhou Dynasty , a Chinese Dynasty *Zhou Predynastic Lineage, the antecedents to the above Zhou Dynasty*Northern Zhou , a Chinese Dynasty...
dynasty and the ancestor of King Wu of Zhou
King Wu of Zhōu or King Wu of Chou was the first sovereign, or ruler of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1046-1043 BCE or 1049/45-1043. Various sources quoted that he died at the age of 93, 54 or 43. He was considered a just and able leader. Zhou Gong Dan was one of his...
. His birth and death dates are still unknown due to lack of historical records.
He had two younger brothers, Jili and Zhongyong. Both the youngest brother, Jili, and his son were renowned for their wisdom, and so King Zhou wished to make Jili his heir. For this reason, Taibo fled to Jin; thus was Jili made the king (King Ji of Zhou), and his son, Chang, later inherited his throne to become King Wen of Zhou
King Wen of Zhou family name : Ji , Clan name : Zhou Personal name: Chang, known as Zhou Chang or Xibo Chang was the founder of the Zhou Dynasty and the first epic hero of Chinese history....
. The Wu Taibo and his brother settled down in "meili" (梅里), which is believed to be today's Meicun of Wuxi next to Tai Lake in Jiangsu Province northeast of Shanghai. Some historic records lead to somewhere closer to Suzhou.
According to Sima Qian
Sima Qian was a Prefect of the Grand Scribes of the Han Dynasty. He is regarded as the father of Chinese historiography for his highly praised work, Records of the Grand Historian , a "Jizhuanti"-style general history of China, covering more than two thousand years from the Yellow Emperor to...
, the Kingdom of Wu was founded by Wu Taibo (吳太伯). The king called his kingdom "Gowu". The Wu aristocratic elite learned the written Chinese language and adopted Chinese political institutions and military technology. Meanwhile, in Jin, thousands of families of natives came to Taibo raise him as the ruler in the region, and he proclaimed himself "Gou Wu"
. Traditional accounts attribute the cultural changes to Wu Taibo. Originally considered a barbarian state, the people of the Wu Kingdom became Sinicized during the Warring States Period.
Taibo made Meili
In Norse mythology, Meili is a god, son of the god Odin and brother of the god Thor. Meili is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson...
his capital, after which it is said that he ordered the Canal Du to be dug. During his reign, Taibo also developed irrigation, and encouraged agriculture in the region. When Taibo died, he had no heirs, so the throne was passed onto his younger brother, Zhongyong.Taibo's shrine was set up in today's Meicun and the original wood structure was destroyed during the wars over the course of history. It has been renovated several times and today's architecture is mostly from Qing dynasty. A stone carved with Confucius' comment can still be seen in today's Taibo Shrine.
Much later, when King Wu had ended the Shang dynasty, he made Zhouzhang, a descendant of Zhong Yong, the King of the State of Wu.
Diplomatic visits to Japan by the later Northern Chinese dynasties Wei and Jin Dynasty (265–420) recorded that the Wō people of Japan claimed to be descendants of the Grand Count (Tàibó) of the Kingdom of Wu.