Sultan of Selangor

Sultan of Selangor

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Sultan of Selangor is the title of the constitutional ruler of Selangor
Selangor
Selangor also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity") is one of the 13 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is bordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the east, Negeri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Malacca to the west...

, Malaysia.

Bugis bloodline


The Sultans of Selangor are descended from a Bugis
Bugis
The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesia's third largest island. Although many Bugis live in the large port cities of Makassar and Parepare, the majority are farmers who grow wet rice on the...

 dynasty that claim descent from the rulers of Luwu
Luwu
The Kingdom of Luwu is the oldest kingdom in South Sulawesi. In 1889, the Dutch Governor of Makassar placed Luwu’s heyday between the tenth and fourteenth centuries AD, but offered no evidence. The La Galigo, an epic poem in an archaic form of the Bugis language, is the likely source of Braam...

 in the southern part of Celebes
South Sulawesi
South Sulawesi is a province of Indonesia, located on the western southern peninsula of Sulawesi Island. The province is bordered by Central Sulawesi province to the north, South East Sulawesi province to the east and West Sulawesi province to the west...

 (today known as Sulawesi
Sulawesi
Sulawesi is one of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia and is situated between Borneo and the Maluku Islands. In Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo, and Papua are larger in territory, and only Java and Sumatra have larger Indonesian populations.- Etymology :The Portuguese were the first to...

). Nobles from this bloodline were involved in the dispute over the Johor-Riau Sultanate in the early 18th century, eventually placing their full support in the cause of Sultan Abdul Jalil of the Bendahara dynasty against the claimant to the Malaccan lineage, Raja Kechil. For this reason, the Bendahara rulers
Sultan of Johor
Sultan of Johor is a hereditary seat and the nominal ruler of the Malaysian state of Johor. In the past, the sultan held absolute power over the state and was advised by a bendahara...

 of Johor-Riau established close relations with the Bugis nobles, providing them with titles and control over many areas within the empire, including Selangor. Daeng Chelak's prince, Raja Lumu
Raja Lumu
Raja Lumu was the first Sultan of Selangor. He was the son of the famous Bugis warrior prince Daeng Chelak. He took on the title of Sultan Sallehuddin of Selangor in 1742...

 arrived in Selangor and founded a new government at Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor is a town located in Selangor, Malaysia, and is capital of an administrative district of the same name.The town caters largely to tourists coming this way en route to Kelip-Kelip at Kampung Kuantan or local travellers on a trail of seafood binging. Kuala Selangor town is not...

 in 1766. He was installed by the Sultan of Perak
Sultan of Perak
Sultan of Perak is one of the oldest hereditary seats among the Malay states.When the Sultanate of Malacca empire fell to Portugal in 1511, Sultan Mahmud Syah I retreated to Kampar, Sumatra and died there in 1528. He left behind two princes named Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II and Sultan Muzaffar...

 as Sultan Salehuddin Shah and became the first Sultan of Selangor
Selangor
Selangor also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity") is one of the 13 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is bordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the east, Negeri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Malacca to the west...

.

List of Sultans of Selangor

  • Sultan Salahuddin Shah
    Raja Lumu
    Raja Lumu was the first Sultan of Selangor. He was the son of the famous Bugis warrior prince Daeng Chelak. He took on the title of Sultan Sallehuddin of Selangor in 1742...

    (Raja Lumu
    Raja Lumu
    Raja Lumu was the first Sultan of Selangor. He was the son of the famous Bugis warrior prince Daeng Chelak. He took on the title of Sultan Sallehuddin of Selangor in 1742...

    ; 1745-1778)
  • Sultan Ibrahim Shah
    Sultan Ibrahim Shah
    -External links:*...

    (Raja Ibrahim; 1778-1826)
  • Sultan Muhammad Shah (Raja Muhammad; 1826-1857)
  • Sultan Sir Abdul Samad
    Sultan Abdul Samad
    Sultan Abdul Samad, KCMG was the fourth Sultan of Selangor....

    (Raja Abdul Samad; 1857-1896)
  • Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah
    Sultan Sulaiman
    Almarhum Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa GCMG, KCVO, was the fifth Sultan of Selangor from 1898 until 1938...

    (Tengku Sulaiman Shah; 1896-1937)
  • Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj
    Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
    Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaiddin Sulaiman Shah KCMG was the second Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 14 April to 1 September 1960, and fifth and seventh Sultan of Selangor between 1938–1942 and again from 1945-1960.-Early career:He was the first son of Almarhum Sultan...

    (Tengku Alam Shah; 1937-1942, 1945-1960)
  • Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah
    Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah
    Almarhum Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah was Sultan of Selangor in Malaysia during the Japanese occupation of that state...

    (Tengku Musaeddin; during Japanese occupation 1942-1945)
  • Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj (Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah; 1960-2001)
  • Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Al-Haj
    Sharafuddin of Selangor
    Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah is the ninth and current Sultan of the Malaysian state of Selangor. He ascended the throne in 2001, succeeding his father, Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah.-Early life and education:...

    (Tengku Idris Shah; 2001-current)