is a municipality in the Enz
Enzkreis is a district in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Karlsruhe, Heilbronn,Ludwigsburg, Böblingen and Calw...
district, in Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg is one of the 16 states of Germany. Baden-Württemberg is in the southwestern part of the country to the east of the Upper Rhine, and is the third largest in both area and population of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of and 10.7 million inhabitants...
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
. It is situated 21 km southeast of Karlsruhe
The City of Karlsruhe is a city in the southwest of Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border.Karlsruhe was founded in 1715 as Karlsruhe Palace, when Germany was a series of principalities and city states...
, and 14 km west of Pforzheim
Pforzheim is a town of nearly 119,000 inhabitants in the state of Baden-Württemberg, southwest Germany at the gate to the Black Forest. It is world-famous for its jewelry and watch-making industry. Until 1565 it was the home to the Margraves of Baden. Because of that it gained the nickname...
The municipality Straubenhardt consists of the former communities Conweiler, Feldrennach, Langenalb, Ottenhausen and Schwann. Only the respective villages belonged to the former municipalities Conweiler and Schwann. The former municipality Feldrennach consisted of the villages Feldrennach and Pfinzweiler as well as the houses Hasenstock-Sägmühle. The former municipality Langenalb was composed of the village Langenalb and the houses Bitzenhühlersägmühle, Brücklessägmühle, Dampfsägmühle, the dwellings Feldrennachersägmühle, Heinzensägmühle as well as Maisenmühle. The municipality Ottenhausen was formed by the village Ottenhausen, the weekend community Hardthof and the houses Hochmühle.
Despite initial plans to also incorporate the village Dennach, on whose premises the name-giving fortress Straubenhardt was located, these plans were scrapped last minute and Dennach was awarded to Neuenbürg
Neuenbürg is a town in the Enz district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the river Enz, 10 km southwest of Pforzheim.The town has three stops, Neuenbürg, Neuenbürg Süd and Neuenbürg Freibad, on route S6 of the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn, which operates over the Enztalbahn railway....
Ottenhausen absorbed the hamlet Rudmersbach which was mentioned initially in 1292 as 'Rutmerspach'
Around the year 1000 the Counts of Calw had a fortress built near today's village of Neuenbürg-Dennach. The fortress was called Straubenhardt after the inhospitable area (Alemannic: "Struben Hardt" - rough forest). The castellan soon took on the name of the fortress. Starting 1320 the castle and its surrounding areas came increasingly under the domination of the House of Württemberg
Württemberg , formerly known as Wirtemberg or Wurtemberg, is an area and a former state in southwestern Germany, including parts of the regions Swabia and Franconia....
. The Schmalensteiners who were related by marriage to the Lords of Straubenhardt and who also lived at the fortress, therefore joined a Federation of the Knights under the leadership of Wolf von Eberstein. In 1367 the Federation of the Knights committed an assault on Count Eberhard II of Württemberg while he was staying in Wildbad.
It is not clear whether this happened at the present Bad Wildbad
Bad Wildbad is a town in Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg. It is located in the government district of Karlsruhe and in the district of Calw. Its coordinates are 48° 45' N, 8° 33' E. About 11,250 people live there...
or at Bad Teinach. However, the description of his escape route indicated that it indeed happened at today's Bad Wildbad
The Count was able to flee to the fortress Zavelstein. In retaliation, and due to further differences, Count Eberhard II occupied the fortress Straubenhardt sometime between 1374 and 1381 and had it destroyed.
After the distruction of their fortress the nobles of Straubenhardt moved their residence to Schwann and built a castle there. Schwann was the center of an administrative district and jurisdiction of the nobles of Straubenhardt and the family of Schmalenstein. The family Straubenhardt became extinct in 1442 and the sovereignty of the properties slowly moved towards Württemberg and Baden.
It is suspected that the nobles of Straubenhardt initiated the foundation of the villages Conweiler, Feldrennach, Langenalb, Schwann as well as Arnbach, Dennach, Dobel, Neusatz and Rotensol.
The discovery of a relief of the hunting goddess Diana, found in the wall of the rectory of Ottenhausen, indicates an early roman settlement in this area. Ottenhausen which consists of the older village Rudmersbach and the newer part Ottenhausen was first documentary mentioned in 1262 with the name 'Rutmerspach'.
Pfinzweiler which was mentioned in 1328 as hamlet 'uff dr Pfinz' was abandoned during the Thirty Years' War
The Thirty Years' War was fought primarily in what is now Germany, and at various points involved most countries in Europe. It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history....
. The reestablishment of Pfinzweiler in 1713 can be traced back to 7 citizens of Feldrennach and one person from Conweiler.
On December 1st, 1973, today's municipality Straubenhardt was created by the merger of the municipalities Conweiler, Schwann, Pfinzweiler-Feldrennach. On January 1st, 1974 Ottenhausen joined Straubenhardt by a voluntary agreement and on January 1st, 1975 Langenalb was incorporated by the order of the Baden-Wuerttemberg Municipal Reform Act . By nomenclature and adoption of the Straubenhardt coat of arms the historical connection to the earlier nobles of Straubenhardt was restored.
Until the year 1973 each of the five formerly independent subdivisions elected their own mayor.
- 1974 to 1991: Walter Weissinger (SPD)
- since 1991: Willi Rutschmann (CDU)
The municipal elections in Straubenhardt on June 7, 2009 resulted in the following distribution of seats:
|| 27,5 %
|| 5 Seats
|| 28,7 %
|| 5 Seats
|| 25,1 %
|| 5 Seats
| Grüne Liste
|| 18,7 %
|| 3 Seats