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In the Parliament of India
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in India. Founded in 1919, the Parliament alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all political bodies in India. The Parliament of India comprises the President and the two Houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha...
, there are two types of Parliamentary Committee, the Standing Committee and the Ad hoc Committee. The work done by the Indian Parliament is not only voluminous but also of a complex nature, hence a good deal of its work is carried out in these Parliamentary Committees.
Both Houses of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India. Rajya means "state," and Sabha means "assembly hall" in Sanskrit. Membership is limited to 250 members, 12 of whom are chosen by the President of India for their expertise in specific fields of art, literature,...
and Lok Sabha
The Lok Sabha or House of the People is the lower house of the Parliament of India. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected by direct election under universal adult suffrage. As of 2009, there have been fifteen Lok Sabhas elected by the people of India...
, have similar Committee structures; there are a few exceptions. Their appointment, terms of office, functions and procedures of conducting business are broadly similar.
These standing committees are elected or appointed every year, or periodically by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, or as a result of consultation between them.
Standing committees are broadly classified as follows:
- Standing Committee of Rajya Sabha
- Standing Committee of Lok Sabha
- Departmentally related Standing Committee under Rajya Sabha
- Departmentally related Standing Committee under Lok Sabha. ,,