is a city in Maury
Williamson County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of 2010 US Census, the population was 183,182. The County's seat is Franklin, and it is part of the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is named after Hugh Williamson, a...
counties in the U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...
Tennessee is a U.S. state located in the Southeastern United States. It has a population of 6,346,105, making it the nation's 17th-largest state by population, and covers , making it the 36th-largest by total land area...
, located approximately 30 miles (48.3 km) south of Nashville
Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the county seat of Davidson County. It is located on the Cumberland River in Davidson County, in the north-central part of the state. The city is a center for the health care, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and is home...
. The population was 7,715 at the 2000 census
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census...
. Rapid growth has occurred in recent years with a population of 23,462 in 2007 and a 2010 census
The Twenty-third United States Census, known as Census 2010 or the 2010 Census, is the current national census of the United States. National Census Day was April 1, 2010 and is the reference date used in enumerating individuals...
population of 29,036.
Spring Hill is located at 35°45′9"N 86°54′50"W (35.752556, -86.914021).
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the city has a total area of 17.7 square miles (45.9 km²), of which, 17.7 square miles (45.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.17%) is water.
The official main street of Spring Hill is also called Tennessee State Highway 31, Columbia Pike, or Nashville Highway.
The first settlers of Spring Hill arrived in 1808, and the city was established in 1809. Albert Russell was the first to build a home on the land that became Spring Hill. Spring Hill was the site of a Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...
battle, now known as the Battle of Spring Hill
The Battle of Spring Hill was fought November 29, 1864, at Spring Hill, Tennessee, as part of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign of the American Civil War. The Confederate Army of Tennessee, commanded by Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood, attacked a Union force under Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield as it...
, on November 29, 1864.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 7,715 people, 2,634 households, and 2,159 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 435.6 people per square mile (168.2/km²). There were 2,819 housing units at an average density of 159.2 per square mile (61.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.33% White, 7.80% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.98% of the population.
There were 2,634 households out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.3% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.0% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city the population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 42.0% from 25 to 44, 15.2% from 45 to 64, and 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $60,872, and the median income for a family was $62,643. Males had a median income of $50,819 versus $29,821 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the city was $21,688. About 3.1% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
Rippavilla Plantation is an historical site and museum located in Spring Hill, Tennessee. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.-External links:* - official site* http://rippavilla.org/...
, which is located at 5700 Main Street (TN-31, Columbia Pike, or Nashville Hwy), offer educational activities and an annual corn maze among other attractions.
Schools in Maury County
- Spring Hill High School (Public)
- Spring Hill Elementary School (Public)
- Marvin Wright Elementary School (Public)
- Spring Hill Middle School (Public)
- Columbia Academy (Private)
Schools in Williamson County
- Allendale Elementary (Public)
- Heritage Elementary (Public)
- Heritage Middle (Public)
- Bethesda Elementary (Public)
- Longview Elementary (Public)
- Chapmans Retreat Elementary (Public)
- Independence High (Public)
- Hillsboro Elementary Middle (Public)
- Spring Station Middle (Public)
- Summit High (Public)
- Spring Hill Academy (Private)
Spring Hill is home to Dawson McAllister Ministries, which broadcasts Dawson McAllister Live
Dawson McAllister Live is a talk radio show hosted by Dawson McAllister where teenagers and young adults talk about problems in life including divorce, depression, cutting, suicide, drug addictions, eating disorders, homosexuality, and family issues...
weekly on local radio stations.
Spring Hill was the site of the Saturn Corporation production facility, which operated from 1990 to 2007. The Saturn S-Series
The S-Series was part of a family of compact cars from the Saturn automobile company. This was the first series of Saturn vehicles. The automobile platform, the Z-body, was developed entirely in-house at Saturn and shared very little with the rest of the General Motors model line...
, Saturn ION
The Saturn Ion was a compact car sold by the Saturn marque of American automaker General Motors between the 2003 and 2007 model years. It used the GM Delta platform. The Ion replaced the Saturn S-Series in 2003,...
, and Saturn VUE
The Saturn Vue is a compact crossover SUV that was sold by General Motors' Saturn marque, and at one time was Saturn's best-selling model. It was the first vehicle to use the GM Theta platform when it was introduced in 2002. A second generation model was launched in 2007 for the 2008 model as a...
were produced there. In 2007, the General Motors Corporation (GM), the parent company of Saturn, shut the facility down to retool the facility for production of other GM vehicles. The plant reopened in February 2008 and became the assembly point for the new Chevrolet Traverse
The Chevrolet Traverse is a seven/eight seat full-size crossover SUV built on the GM Lambda platform that underpins the Buick Enclave, GMC Acadia and Saturn Outlook. It is a successor to both the Uplander minivan and Trailblazer SUV...
. However, after a battle among plants in Spring Hill, Orion Township, MI and Janesville, WI, GM announced on June 26, 2009 that they had chosen to build a new small car in Orion Township. Nearly 2,500 Spring Hill auto workers were faced lay-off, buy-out and early retirement. The Spring Hill plant was idled in late 2009, when production of the Traverse was moved to Lansing, Michigan
Lansing is the capital of the U.S. state of Michigan. It is located mostly in Ingham County, although small portions of the city extend into Eaton County. The 2010 Census places the city's population at 114,297, making it the fifth largest city in Michigan...
and is set to resume production in 2012, after conversion to production of powertrains.