Shughni language

Shughni language

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Shughni is one of the Pamir languages
Pamir languages
The Pamir languages are a group of the Eastern Iranian languages, spoken by numerous people in the Pamir Mountains, primarily along the Panj River and its tributaries. This includes the Badakhshan Province of northeastern Afghanistan and the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province of eastern Tajikistan...

 of the Southeastern Iranian language group. Its distribution is in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province is an autonomous, mountainous province in the east of Tajikistan. Located in the Pamir Mountains, it makes up 45% of the land area of the country but only 3% of the population....

 in Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Tajikistan , officially the Republic of Tajikistan , is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east....

 and Badakhshan Province
Badakhshan Province
Badakhshan is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, consisting of 28 districts. It is located in the north-east of the country, between the Hindu Kush and the Amu Darya. It is part of the Badakhshan region.-Geography:...

 in Afghanistan.

Shughni tends towards SOV word order, distinguishes a masculine and a feminine gender in nouns and some adjectives as well as the 3rd person singular of verbs. Shughni distinguishes between an absolute and a oblique case in its system of pronouns.

Vocabulary


Chart of Sounds in Shughni
Letter English equivalent Usage in Shugni
A/a apple, angry bad, akuniath, aram, anor
Aa/aa Harvard, march xhaab, daav, zamunaa, baad
Ai/ai bite, fire taiyor, arai, aiyuum, maile
B/b big, able biyor, balad, abor
Ch/ch church, chair chiiz, chiid, choi, chorik
D/d dead, dried daak, diidor, murd, darc
Dh/dh this, mother dhid, dhust, dhud, pidhid, podh
Dz/dz buds, lads dzulik, pindz, wixhidz, majhdzuunj
E/e elephant, egg elak, qate, qine, biide
Ee/ee same as above but longer tseem, teez, deer, Apreel
Ey/ey aid, ancient peydow, xheydow,
Ff/ff fat, roof fort, famtow, faand, boft
G/h girl, big gaap, gandaa, gardha, yiga
Gh/gh ghaats, ghalat, bogh, shagh
I/i big, lift nist, yiwath, khirs, chis
Ii/ii feet, beat tiidow, miidow, shiintow, zhiiwj
J/j jam, barge jumla, jazo, majlis, ajab
Jh/jh jhinik, saajh, majh, sipajh
K/k book, kit kitob, maak, tukmaa, kiinaa
Kh/kh loch, Khorog khaat, sakht, bakht, kharid
L/l like, feel lap, liing, tambal, balad
M/m mouse, meet mund, tamand, famtow, shaam
N/n nut, mean naan, qand, fanaa, baandak
O/o pot, shop oyandaa, ofarin, boft, nolaan
Oo/oo boot, poodle noor, joor, mood, moon
P/p paint, top parwiin, lap, pardhedow, pool
Q/q Quran qamoch, qand, nuqtaa, qiin
R/r rabbit, rob raang, tsarang, roosht, rukhsat
S/s sit, miss sarake, baas, kasal, safar
Sh/sh shout, bush shamol, maash, bashand, shogird
T/t title, time tavaar, turd, sust, chust
Th/th think, moth achath, khobath, aquniath, thiir
Ts/ts blitz, fits tsavor, buts, tsarang, xhats
U/u look, should duzd, mund, tuid, buts
Uu/uu earn, fern luuvd, uun, yuudand, okhiruun
V/v vet, leave viidow, yelav, vaz, virod
W/w few, wait chiidow, wiintow, boware, wazmin
Xh/xh xheidow, xhats, tuxhna, duxhman
Y/y yellow, yet yordam, yelav, oyandaa, boyad
Z/z zoo, blaze zamiin, bozor, zardak, ziird
Zh/zh pleasure, de ja vu zholaa, zhiiwj, ghazhd, zhow

Literature

  • Zarubin, I.I.
    Ivan Ivanovich Zarubin
    Ivan Ivanovich Zarubin was a Soviet specialist of Iranian languages, particularly Pamir languages.-Life:...

    . Shugnanskie teksty i slovar. Moskva : Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1960.

External links