Badakhshan Province

Badakhshan Province

Overview
Badakhshan is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan
Provinces of Afghanistan
The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions of Afghanistan. As of 2004, there are thirty-four provinces in the country. Each province is further divided into smaller districts....

, consisting of 28 districts
Districts of Afghanistan
The provinces of Afghanistan are divided into Wolaswalei or districts. The number of districts in Afghanistan has fluctuated over the years, with new districts created by splitting or merging parts of others. Prior to 1979, there were 325 districts. This was increased to 329 and, in 2004, a major...

. It is located in the north-east of the country, between the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
The Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir in the Chitral region of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.It is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram Range, and is a...

 and the Amu Darya
Amu Darya
The Amu Darya , also called Oxus and Amu River, is a major river in Central Asia. It is formed by the junction of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers...

. It is part of the Badakhshan
Badakhshan
Badakhshan is an historic region comprising parts of what is now northeastern Afghanistan and southeastern Tajikistan. The name is retained in Badakhshan Province which is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, in the far northeast of Afghanistan, and contains the Wakhan Corridor...

 region.

Badakhshan is primarily bordered by Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province is an autonomous, mountainous province in the east of Tajikistan. Located in the Pamir Mountains, it makes up 45% of the land area of the country but only 3% of the population....

 and Khatlon Province in Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Tajikistan , officially the Republic of Tajikistan , is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east....

 to the north and east. In the east of the province a long spur called the Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor is commonly used as a synonym for Wakhan, an area of far north-eastern Afghanistan which forms a land link or "corridor" between Afghanistan and China. The Corridor is a long and slender panhandle or salient, roughly long and between wide. It separates Tajikistan in the north...

 extends above northern Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

's Chitral
Chitral
Chitral or Chetrar , translated as field in the native language Khowar, is the capital of the Chitral District, situated on the western bank of the Kunar River , in Pakistan. The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, high...

 and Northern Areas
Northern Areas
Gilgit-Baltistan , is the northernmost political entity within Pakistan. It borders Pakistan's Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province to the west, Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor to the north, China to the east and northeast, Azad Kashmir to the southwest, and Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir to the...

 to a border with China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

. The province has a total area of 44,059 km², most of which is occupied by the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
The Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir in the Chitral region of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.It is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram Range, and is a...

 and Pamir
Pamir Mountains
The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia formed by the junction or knot of the Himalayas, Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains and since Victorian times they have been known as the "Roof of the World" a probable...

 mountain ranges.

Badakhshan was a stopover on the ancient Silk Road
Silk Road
The Silk Road or Silk Route refers to a historical network of interlinking trade routes across the Afro-Eurasian landmass that connected East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean and European world, as well as parts of North and East Africa...

 trading path, and China has shown great interest in the province after the fall of the Taliban, helping to reconstruct roads and infrastructure in the province.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, the following ecoregions are found within the boundaries of Badakshan:
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands—found along the Pamir River.
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Encyclopedia
Badakhshan is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan
Provinces of Afghanistan
The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions of Afghanistan. As of 2004, there are thirty-four provinces in the country. Each province is further divided into smaller districts....

, consisting of 28 districts
Districts of Afghanistan
The provinces of Afghanistan are divided into Wolaswalei or districts. The number of districts in Afghanistan has fluctuated over the years, with new districts created by splitting or merging parts of others. Prior to 1979, there were 325 districts. This was increased to 329 and, in 2004, a major...

. It is located in the north-east of the country, between the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
The Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir in the Chitral region of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.It is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram Range, and is a...

 and the Amu Darya
Amu Darya
The Amu Darya , also called Oxus and Amu River, is a major river in Central Asia. It is formed by the junction of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers...

. It is part of the Badakhshan
Badakhshan
Badakhshan is an historic region comprising parts of what is now northeastern Afghanistan and southeastern Tajikistan. The name is retained in Badakhshan Province which is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, in the far northeast of Afghanistan, and contains the Wakhan Corridor...

 region.

Geography


Badakhshan is primarily bordered by Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province is an autonomous, mountainous province in the east of Tajikistan. Located in the Pamir Mountains, it makes up 45% of the land area of the country but only 3% of the population....

 and Khatlon Province in Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Tajikistan , officially the Republic of Tajikistan , is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east....

 to the north and east. In the east of the province a long spur called the Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor is commonly used as a synonym for Wakhan, an area of far north-eastern Afghanistan which forms a land link or "corridor" between Afghanistan and China. The Corridor is a long and slender panhandle or salient, roughly long and between wide. It separates Tajikistan in the north...

 extends above northern Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

's Chitral
Chitral
Chitral or Chetrar , translated as field in the native language Khowar, is the capital of the Chitral District, situated on the western bank of the Kunar River , in Pakistan. The town is at the foot of Tirich Mir, the highest peak of the Hindu Kush, high...

 and Northern Areas
Northern Areas
Gilgit-Baltistan , is the northernmost political entity within Pakistan. It borders Pakistan's Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province to the west, Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor to the north, China to the east and northeast, Azad Kashmir to the southwest, and Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir to the...

 to a border with China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

. The province has a total area of 44,059 km², most of which is occupied by the Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
The Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir in the Chitral region of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.It is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram Range, and is a...

 and Pamir
Pamir Mountains
The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia formed by the junction or knot of the Himalayas, Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains and since Victorian times they have been known as the "Roof of the World" a probable...

 mountain ranges.

Badakhshan was a stopover on the ancient Silk Road
Silk Road
The Silk Road or Silk Route refers to a historical network of interlinking trade routes across the Afro-Eurasian landmass that connected East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean and European world, as well as parts of North and East Africa...

 trading path, and China has shown great interest in the province after the fall of the Taliban, helping to reconstruct roads and infrastructure in the province.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, the following ecoregions are found within the boundaries of Badakshan:
Temperate Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands—found along the Pamir River. Common plants are pistachio, almond, walnut, apple, and juniper. sagebrush.
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hindu Kush alpine meadow—found in the high mountains in the northern and southwestern regions. Common vegetation includes meadow and birch forests.
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe—found in the Wakhan corridor.
Pamir alpine desert and meadow—found in the Wakhan corridor.
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Afghan Mountains semi-desert—found south of Feyzabad. Common vegetation includes thorny bushes, zizyphus, acacia, and Amygdatus.
Paropamisus xeric woodlands—found in northwestern and central areas. Common vegetation includes almond, pistachio, willows, and sea buckthorn.

History



Badakhshan's name was given by the Sassanids and derives from the word badaxš (an official Sassanian title). The suffix of the name, -ān, means the region belonged to someone with the title badaxš (analogous to Azerbaijan, Isfahan, Tehran, etc.).

Badakhshan and Panjshir
Panjshir Province
Panjshir is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. Containing the Panjshir Valley, in April 2004 it was created from parts of Parwan Province, which now lies along its southwestern border. Panjshir's population is about 139,000 and covers an area of 3,610 square kilometers...

 were the only provinces that were never occupied or could been captured by the Taliban during their drive to control the country. However, during the course of the wars a non-Taliban Islamic emirate was established in Badakhshan by Mawlawi Shariqi, paralleling the Islamic Revolutionary State of Afghanistan
Islamic Revolutionary State of Afghanistan
The Islamic Revolutionary State of Afghanistan was a small Salafist state established in the 1980s, located in the north of Bashgal Valley, Nuristan Province.Founded by Mawlawi Afzal, the state established consulates in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan....

 in neighboring Nuristan. Burhanuddin Rabbani
Burhanuddin Rabbani
Professor Burhanuddin Rabbani was President of the Islamic State of Afghanistan from 1992 to 1996. After the Taliban government was toppled during Operation Enduring Freedom, Rabbani returned to Kabul and served as a temporary President from November to December 20, 2001, when Hamid Karzai was...

, a Badakhshan native, and Ahmad Shah Massoud were the last remnants of the anti-Taliban Northern Alliance
United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan
The United Islamic Front , known in the West and Pakistan as the Northern Alliance, was a military-political umbrella organization created by the Islamic State of Afghanistan in 1996 under the leadership of Defense Minister Ahmad Shah Massoud...

 during the peak of Taliban control in 2000 and 2001, and they used the province as their base of operations. At the end, starting from Badakhshan, the Northern Alliance defeated the Taliban.

The current Governor of the province is Munshi Abdul Majid
Munshi Abdul Majid
Munshi Abdul Majid is an Afghan politician. He is an ethnic Pashtun from Baghlan Province. In the 1990s he served as an official in the Afghan Interior Ministry; he is also known as a writer and orator in Persian and Pashto....

. Previously, it was Sayed Amin Tareq.

Economy



Despite massive mineral reserves, Badakhshan is one of the most destitute areas in the world. Opium poppy
Opium poppy
Opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, is the species of plant from which opium and poppy seeds are extracted. Opium is the source of many opiates, including morphine , thebaine, codeine, papaverine, and noscapine...

 growing is the only real source of income in the province and Badakhshan has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world, due to the complete lack of health infrastructure, inaccessible locations, and bitter winters of the province.

Lapis lazuli
Lapis lazuli
Lapis lazuli is a relatively rare semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense blue color....

 has been mined in the Sar-e-Sang mines, located in the Kuran wa Munjan District
Kuran wa Munjan District
Kuran wa Munjan District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. Located in the Hindu Kush mountains, the district is home to approximately 8,000 residents. The district capital is Kuran wa Munjan....

  of Badakhshan, for over 6,000 years. The mines were the largest and most well-known source in ancient times. Most recent mining activity has focused on lapis lazuli, with the proceeds from the lapis mines being used to fund Northern Alliance troops, and before that, anti-Soviet Mujahideen
Mujahideen
Mujahideen are Muslims who struggle in the path of God. The word is from the same Arabic triliteral as jihad .Mujahideen is also transliterated from Arabic as mujahedin, mujahedeen, mudžahedin, mudžahidin, mujahidīn, mujaheddīn and more.-Origin of the concept:The beginnings of Jihad are traced...

 fighters. Recent geological surveys have indicated the location of other gemstone
Gemstone
A gemstone or gem is a piece of mineral, which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewelry or other adornments...

 deposits, in particular rubies and emeralds. Exploitation of this mineral wealth could be key to the region's prosperity.

Capital city



Fayzabad
Fayzabad, Badakhshan
See also: Faizabad Fayzabad is the provincial capital and largest city in Badakhshan Province, in northern Afghanistan, with around 50,000 people. It is situated in Fayzabad District and is at an altitude of 1,200 m. It is located in the northeast of Afghanistan, on the River Kokcha...

, the capital of Badakhshan, sits on the Kokcha River and has an approximate population of 50,000. The chief commercial and administrative center of NE Afghanistan and the Pamir
Pamir Mountains
The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia formed by the junction or knot of the Himalayas, Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains and since Victorian times they have been known as the "Roof of the World" a probable...

 region, Fayzabad also has rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

 and flour
Flour
Flour is a powder which is made by grinding cereal grains, other seeds or roots . It is the main ingredient of bread, which is a staple food for many cultures, making the availability of adequate supplies of flour a major economic and political issue at various times throughout history...

 mills. In winter the city is sometimes isolated by deep snow. In 1979 it was a focus of Afghan
Demographics of Afghanistan
The population of Afghanistan is around 29,835,392 as of the year 2011, which is unclear if the refugees living outside the country are included or not. The nation is composed of a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual society, reflecting its location astride historic trade and invasion routes between...

 guerrillas attempting to repel the Soviet invasion. Fayzabad was taken by Soviet forces in 1980 and became a major Soviet garrison town.

Demographics


The population of the province is estimated at 874,000 people. The majority of them are Persian-speaking
Dari (Persian)
Dari or Fārsī-ye Darī in historical terms refers to the Persian court language of the Sassanids. In contemporary usage, the term refers to the dialects of modern Persian language spoken in Afghanistan, and hence known as Afghan Persian in some Western sources. It is the term officially recognized...

 Tajiks. There are also
  • speakers of the following Pamiri languages:
    • Shughni
      Shughni language
      Shughni is one of the Pamir languages of the Southeastern Iranian language group. Its distribution is in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province in Tajikistan and Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan....

    • Munji
    • Ishkashimi
      Ishkashimi language
      The Ishkashimi language is one of the Pamir languages of the Southeastern Iranian language group. Its distribution is in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province in Tajikistan, Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan and Chitral region of Pakistan....

    • Wakhi
      Wakhi language
      Wakhi is an Indo-European language in the branch of Eastern Iranian language family and is intimately related to other Southeastern Iranian languages in the Pamir languages group.-Classification and Distribution:...

  • nomadic and semi-nomadic Uzbeks
    Uzbeks
    The Uzbeks are a Turkic ethnic group in Central Asia. They comprise the majority population of Uzbekistan, and large populations can also be found in Afghanistan, Tajikstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Pakistan, Mongolia and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China...

     and Pashtuns
    Pashtun people
    Pashtuns or Pathans , also known as ethnic Afghans , are an Eastern Iranic ethnic group with populations primarily between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and the Indus River in Pakistan...

    , who migrate over long distances
  • small Kyrgyz minorities
  • a small muslim Russian minority who settled there after the Russian-Afghan war during the 1980s


The residents of the province are largely Sunni, but many of the speakers of the Pamiri languages in the southern and eastern districts of the province are Ismaili
Ismaili
' is a branch of Shia Islam. It is the second largest branch of Shia Islam, after the Twelvers...

.

Historical population estimates for Badakhshan Province are as follows:
  • 2006: 823,000 (World Gazetteer)
  • 2004: 725,700 (Central Statistics Office)
  • 2000: 923,144 (Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a multiprogram science and technology national laboratory managed for the United States Department of Energy by UT-Battelle. ORNL is the DOE's largest science and energy laboratory. ORNL is located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near Knoxville...

    )
  • 1998: 924,747 (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
  • 1997: 663,700 (Central Statistics Office)
  • 1991: 615,156 (ProMIS
    PROMIS
    PROMIS may refer to:* Prosecutor's Management Information System, developed by Inslaw* Problem-Oriented Medical Information System, developed at the University of Vermont...

     UNIDATA)
  • 1990: 554,374 (USAID)
  • 1979: 497,798 (Central Statistics Office)

Districts of Badakhshan

align=center style="background:#BFD7FF"| District map of Badakhshan Province

align=center style="background:#BFD7FF"| Districts of Badakhshan Province
District Map # Capital Population Area Notes
Arghanj Khwa  6 12,000 Created in 2005 within Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District may refer to either:* Fayzabad District of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan* Fayzabad District of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan...

Argo
Argo District
Argo District is a district in Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from part of Fayzabad District and is home to approximately 45,000 residents.-References:...

 
6 45,000 Created in 2005 within Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District may refer to either:* Fayzabad District of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan* Fayzabad District of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan...

Baharak
Baharak District
Baharak district is a district of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan located east of Fayzabad. The capital is the city of Baharak and the district is home to approximately 14,000 residents. The district is also called Baharakstan....

 
7 Baharak
Baharak, Afghanistan
Baharak is a small town and seat of Baharak District Badakhshan Province in north-eastern Afghanistan. It is roughly nine miles from Jurm, on the Kokcha River. Baharak Girl’s School was opened on December 17, 2006 by Munshi Abdul Majeed the Governor of Badakhshan Province, it serves about 3000...

 
14,000 Sub-divided in 2005
Darayim  6 65,000 Created in 2005 within Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District may refer to either:* Fayzabad District of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan* Fayzabad District of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan...

Darwaz
Darwaz district
Darwaz distrcit is a district in Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan. It is part of the historic region Darwaz which is now divided between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Darwaz District has a population of approximately 21,000 after sub-division in 2005 which led to the formation of Darwazi Bala...

 
1 Nusay  21,000 Sub-divided in 2005
Darwazi Bala  1 11,000 Created in 2005 within Darwaz District
Darwaz district
Darwaz distrcit is a district in Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan. It is part of the historic region Darwaz which is now divided between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Darwaz District has a population of approximately 21,000 after sub-division in 2005 which led to the formation of Darwazi Bala...

Fayzabad
Fayzabad District, Badakhshan
Fayzabad District is one of 30 districts that comprise Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. In 2005, several portions of the district were sub-divided to create several new districts within the province. The remaining portion is home to approximately 46,000 residents.Settlements in the district...

 
6 Fayzabad
Fayzabad, Badakhshan
See also: Faizabad Fayzabad is the provincial capital and largest city in Badakhshan Province, in northern Afghanistan, with around 50,000 people. It is situated in Fayzabad District and is at an altitude of 1,200 m. It is located in the northeast of Afghanistan, on the River Kokcha...

 
46,000 Sub-divided in 2005
Ishkashim
Ishkashim District
Ishkashim District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. The capital is the city of Ishkashim . The people of the region are called Tajiks and some of them speak the Ishkashimi language...

 
8 Ishkashim  11,000
Jurm
Jurm District
Jurm District is one of the 30 districts of Badakhshan Province in northeast Afghanistan. The district capital is a town named Jurm. The district is 3 hours far from the center of the province and is home to approximately 3,000 residents, making it one of the most sparsely populated portions of the...

 
10 3,000 Sub-divided in 2005
Khash
Khash District
Khash District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from part of Jurm District and is home to approximately 48,000 residents, making it the third most populous district of the province....

 
10 48,000 Created in 2005 within Jurm District
Jurm District
Jurm District is one of the 30 districts of Badakhshan Province in northeast Afghanistan. The district capital is a town named Jurm. The district is 3 hours far from the center of the province and is home to approximately 3,000 residents, making it one of the most sparsely populated portions of the...

Khwahan
Khwahan District
Khwahan District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. The district capital is Khwahan. The total population of the province is approximately 14,000 residents....

 
2 Khwahan
Khwahan, Afghanistan
Khwahan is the capital of Khwahan District[شهرستان خواهان[ولسوالی خواهان in the Badakhshan province in Afghanistan, very close to the western border with Tajikistan. There is an airport there....

 
14,000 Sub-divided in 2005
Kishim
Kishim District
Kishim District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. The district is located in the Keshem Valley, a primarily rural area on the western edge of the province, and is home to approximately 63,000 residents, making it the second most populous district of the...

 
9 63,000 Sub-divided in 2005
Kohistan  7 12,000 Created in 2005 within Baharak District
Baharak District
Baharak district is a district of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan located east of Fayzabad. The capital is the city of Baharak and the district is home to approximately 14,000 residents. The district is also called Baharakstan....

Kuf Ab  2 16,000 Created in 2005 within Khwahan District
Khwahan District
Khwahan District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. The district capital is Khwahan. The total population of the province is approximately 14,000 residents....

Kuran wa Munjan
Kuran wa Munjan District
Kuran wa Munjan District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. Located in the Hindu Kush mountains, the district is home to approximately 8,000 residents. The district capital is Kuran wa Munjan....

 
11 Kuran wa Munjan  8,000
Ragh
Ragh District
Ragh District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. Located in the northwestern portion of the province, Ragh is home to approximately 37,300 residents...

 
4 Ragh
Ragh
Ragh is a town in Badakhshan Province in north-eastern Afghanistan. It is the capital of Ragh District.-External links:**...

 
37,000 Sub-divided in 2005
Shahri Buzurg
Shahri Buzurg District
Shahri Buzurg District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. The capital is the city of Shahri Buzurg. Its northwestern border is along the international border between Afghanistan and Tajikistan while its southwestern border is with Takhar Province...

 
5 Shahri Buzurg  42,000
Shighnan
Shighnan District
Shighnan is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. It is part of the history region of Shighnan that is today divided between Afghanistan and Tajikistan...

 
3 24,000
Shiki  6 26,000 Created in 2005 within Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District may refer to either:* Fayzabad District of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan* Fayzabad District of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan...

Shuhada
Shuhada District
Shuhada District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. The district was formed in 2005 from part of Baharak District and is home to approximately 31,000 residents....

 
7 31,000 Created in 2005 within Baharak District
Baharak District
Baharak district is a district of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan located east of Fayzabad. The capital is the city of Baharak and the district is home to approximately 14,000 residents. The district is also called Baharakstan....

Tagab  6 22,000 Created in 2005 within Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District may refer to either:* Fayzabad District of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan* Fayzabad District of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan...

Tishkan  9 23,000 Created in 2005 from Kishim District
Kishim District
Kishim District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. The district is located in the Keshem Valley, a primarily rural area on the western edge of the province, and is home to approximately 63,000 residents, making it the second most populous district of the...

Wakhan
Wakhan District
Wakhan District is one of the 28 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. Total population for the district is about 13,000 residents. Wakhan District is bounded by three international borders: Tajikistan to the north, Pakistan to the south, and Afghanistan's only border with...

 
13 13,000
Warduj  7 17,000 Created in 2005 within Baharak District
Baharak District
Baharak district is a district of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan located east of Fayzabad. The capital is the city of Baharak and the district is home to approximately 14,000 residents. The district is also called Baharakstan....

Yaftali Sufla  6 39,000 Created in 2005 within Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District
Fayzabad District may refer to either:* Fayzabad District of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan* Fayzabad District of Jowzjan Province in northern Afghanistan...

Yamgan  7 20,000 Created in 2005 within Baharak District
Baharak District
Baharak district is a district of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan located east of Fayzabad. The capital is the city of Baharak and the district is home to approximately 14,000 residents. The district is also called Baharakstan....

Yawan
Yawan District
Yawan District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from part of Ragh District and is home to approximately 20,000 residents....

 
4 27,000 Created in 2005 within Ragh District
Ragh District
Ragh District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. Located in the northwestern portion of the province, Ragh is home to approximately 37,300 residents...

Zebak
Zebak District
Zebak District is one of the 29 districts of Badakhshan Province in eastern Afghanistan. It is home to approximately 7,000 residents, most living in Zebak, the district capital. The Tajik peoples in the district speak Sanglechi-Ishkashmi language, also referred to as Zebaki....

 
12 Zebak
Zebak, Afghanistan
Zebak is the capital of the Zebak District in the Badakhshan province of Afghanistan. The city is based in the delta of the Sanglich river....

 
7,000

Sport


The province is represented in Afghan domestic cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

 competitions by the Badakhshan Province cricket team.

Notable people from Badakhshan

  • Burhanuddin Rabbani
    Burhanuddin Rabbani
    Professor Burhanuddin Rabbani was President of the Islamic State of Afghanistan from 1992 to 1996. After the Taliban government was toppled during Operation Enduring Freedom, Rabbani returned to Kabul and served as a temporary President from November to December 20, 2001, when Hamid Karzai was...

     - leader of the Jamiat-e Islami
    Jamiat-e Islami
    Jamiat-e Islami , is an Islamic political party in Afghanistan along the line of the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt. Jamiat-e Islami means "Islamic society" in the Persian language and is also known as just Jamiat for short. Jamiat is the oldest Islamic political party in Afghanistan...

     political party and former president of Afghanistan
  • Tahir Badakhshi
    Tahir Badakhshi
    Mohammad Tahir Badakhshi was a cultural and political tajik activist in Afghanistan. He was the founder of SAZA .- Biography :...

     - political activist
    Activism
    Activism consists of intentional efforts to bring about social, political, economic, or environmental change. Activism can take a wide range of forms from writing letters to newspapers or politicians, political campaigning, economic activism such as boycotts or preferentially patronizing...

  • Latif Pedram
    Latif Pedram
    Abdul Latīf Pedrām , Ph.D., is a politician and a Member of Parliament in Afghanistan. He emerged as a controversial figure in the press and political circles for campaigning for women's personal rights, a taboo subject in Afghanistan's culture...

     - political activist and candidate for Afghanistan's presidency
  • Mahboobullah Kushani - political activist and candidate for Afghanistan's presidency
  • Mohammad Wali (Prime Minsiter) - Prime Minsiter (Amanullah Khan)
  • Shah Wali Taranasaz - Musician
  • Nasratullah Nasrat
    Nasratullah Nasrat
    Nasratullah Nasrat is an Afghan cricketer. Nasratullah is a left-handed batsman and a slow left-arm orthodox spin bowler who plays for the Afghanistan national cricket team....

     - Afghan cricketer

Further reading

  • Burhanuddin Kushkaki
    Burhanuddin Kushkaki
    Burhanuddin Kushkaki , also known as Mawlawi Borhan al-Din Khan Koshkaki, was an Afghan writer, journalist and Islamic scholar....

    . Rāhnamā-yi Qaṭaghan va Badakhshān. Kabul
    Kabul
    Kabul , spelt Caubul in some classic literatures, is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan. It is also the capital of the Kabul Province, located in the eastern section of Afghanistan...

    : Vizarat-i Ḥarbiyah, 1923.
  • Jan-Heeren Grevemeyer: Herrschaft, Raub und Gegenseitigkeit: Die politische Geschichte Badakhshans 1500-1883, Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1982
  • Wolfgang Holzwarth: Segmentation und Staatsbildung in Afghanistan: Traditionale sozio-politische Organisation in Badakhshan, Wakhan und Sheghnan In: Berliner Institut für vergleichende Sozialforschung [Red.: Kurt Greussing u. Jan-Heeren Grevemeyer] (Hrsg.): Revolution in Iran und Afghanistan - mardom nameh - Jahrbuch zur Geschichte und Gesellschaft des Mittleren Orients Syndikat, Frankfurt am Main 1980, ISBN 3-8108-0147-X.

External links